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Keijo Erik Rosberg (About this sound pronunciation ; born 6 December 1948), known as "Keke", is a Finnish former racing driver and winner of the 1982 Formula One World Championship.[1] He was the first Finnish driver to compete regularly in the series. Rosberg grew up in Oulu and Iisalmi, Finland. He is the father of retired Formula One driver and 2016 Formula One world champion Nico Rosberg.[2]

Keke Rosberg
Anefo 932-2378 Keke Rosberg, Zandvoort, 03-07-1982.jpg
Rosberg at the 1982 Dutch Grand Prix
Born Keijo Erik Rosberg
(1948-12-06) 6 December 1948 (age 69)
Solna, Sweden
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality Finland Finnish
Active years 19781986
Teams Theodore, ATS, Wolf, Fittipaldi, Williams, McLaren
Entries 128 (114 starts)
Championships 1 (1982)
Wins 5
Podiums 17
Career points 159.5
Pole positions 5
Fastest laps 3
First entry 1978 South African Grand Prix
First win 1982 Swiss Grand Prix
Last win 1985 Australian Grand Prix
Last entry 1986 Australian Grand Prix

Contents

Formula One careerEdit

Minor teams: 1978–1981Edit

 
Rosberg in the Wolf pits in 1979.

Rosberg had a relatively late start to his F1 career, debuting at the age of 29 after stints in Formula Vee, Formula Atlantic and its antipodean counterpart Formula Pacific and Formula Two, then "feeder" series to Formula One. His first Formula One drive was with the Theodore team during the 1978 season.[3] He immediately caught the attention of the Formula One paddock with a superb drive in the non-Championship BRDC International Trophy at Silverstone in just his second race with the team, emerging victorious after many of the big names had been caught out by a tremendous downpour. Rosberg was not able to qualify for a race afterwards, and was signed by another uncompetitive team, ATS, for three races after the Theodore team scrapped its unreliable car design. He returned to Theodore after they acquired chassis from the Wolf Formula One team, but these were also uncompetitive and Rosberg returned to ATS to end the season.

He next emerged with the Wolf team, midway through the 1979 season. However, the team was having difficulty staying solvent, and Rosberg had problems in finishing races. Rosberg soon had to change teams again when Wolf left Formula One, and signed with Fittipaldi Automotive which had bought the remains of Walter Wolf's squad. He secured his first two point-scoring results in the 1980 season, including a sensational podium at the season-opening race at Buenos Aires, but the uncompetitiveness of the Fittipaldi car meant that Rosberg often failed to finish or qualify. 1981 was worse as he failed to score at all.

The sharp end – Williams: 1982–1985Edit

Despite this, Williams was interested in Rosberg, with the retirement of 1980 World Champion Alan Jones leaving a seat open for the 1982 season.[3] Given a competitive car, Rosberg had a highly successful year. He consistently scored points and earned his first victory in the Swiss Grand Prix at Dijon-Prenois late that year (despite being called the "Swiss Grand Prix", the race was held in France due to Switzerland's ban on motor racing in effect since the 1955 Le Mans disaster).

Rosberg's first memorable season came in a year where no driver won more than two races. With Ferrari's season marred by the death of Gilles Villeneuve at Zolder, the career-ending injuries to Didier Pironi at Hockenheim and the turbocharged Brabham-BMW and Renault cars suffering from poor reliability (and not helped by Brabham continually changing between the Ford V8 and the BMW turbo), consistency won Rosberg the Drivers' Championship, despite his Williams FW07C using the normally aspirated Ford DFY V8 engine which was considered outdated and out-matched against the vastly more powerful turbo cars. Rosberg won the championship with a five-point gap to Didier Pironi, with the latter missing the last four races of the championship due to injuries sustained at the German Grand Prix. Rosberg's 1982 Championship proved to be the last World Championship win for the old Cosworth DFV engine which had been introduced to F1 by Lotus in 1967 (the DFY was a development of the DFV).

 
Rosberg driving for Williams at the 1985 German Grand Prix.

Rosberg's post-championship years would be hamstrung by both uncompetitive chassis from Williams, and the powerful but unreliable Honda turbo engine. For his title defense in 1983, Rosberg was again using the reliable Ford DFY V8. However, by this time, Ferrari, Renault and BMW had got their act together and the reliability of their turbo engines was starting to match their speed and power output. Rosberg still put his Williams FW08 on pole for the opening race of the season in Brazil (where he was disqualified from 2nd place because he was push started in the pits after he was forced to abandon his car in his pit bay due to a fuel vapor fire), and then won both the non-championship Race of Champions at Brands Hatch and in Monaco thanks to a clever choice of slicks at the start when all others started on wets, but it was increasingly obvious that without a turbo charged engine, results would be scarce. To that end, Frank Williams concluded a deal to run the Honda V6 turbo engine in his cars. Honda had come back into Formula One that year with the Spirit team and results had been slow with unreliability, but they were enthusiastic about joining Williams who had a reputation as a Championship-winning team. Rosberg and teammate Jacques Laffite first got their Honda turbos in the season ending South African Grand Prix at Kyalami and immediately the new Williams FW09 was on the pace. Rosberg finished in 5th place to give him 5th place in the championship. During the year, Rosberg earned the title "King of the atmospherics".[according to whom?]

Despite good power from the Honda engines, Williams and Rosberg struggled in 1984 mostly due to the FW09B chassis not being rigid enough to handle the power delivery of the 850 bhp (634 kW; 862 PS) V6. The Finn managed to tame both the car and engine long enough to win the Dallas Grand Prix, but his only other podium for the year was a second at the season opener in Brazil (the 3rd time in succession he finished second in Brazil, but the only one from which he was not disqualified). After a frustrating year he finished the championship in eighth place with 20.5 points.

In November 1984 following the F1 season, Rosberg, along with fellow F1 drivers Niki Lauda (the 1984 World Champion), Andrea de Cesaris and François Hesnault, travelled to Australia for the non-championship 1984 Australian Grand Prix at the Calder Park Raceway in Melbourne. Rosberg managed to qualify 4th in his Ralt RT4 Ford despite spending most of the day with fellow aviation enthusiast Lauda (his teammate for the race) attending an air show at the nearby Essendon Airport. After an early race dice with Lauda and a clash with Terry Ryan while lapping the young Australian which put him off the short 1.609 km (1.000 mi) circuit, Rosberg went on to finish 2nd behind the Ralt RT4 Ford of Brazilian driver Roberto Moreno who won his 3rd Australian Grand Prix in 4 years (having also won in 1981 and 1983).

1985 would prove better for both Rosberg and Williams. The Finn had a new teammate in Nigel Mansell and the all carbon fibre Williams FW10 chassis was a big improvement over the FW09B. For the first few races the team used the 1984 engines until Honda introduced an upgraded version which improved power delivery, fuel economy and most importantly, reliability. Rosberg used the new engine to good effect, winning the Detroit Grand Prix and claiming pole in the next two races in France at the Paul Ricard Circuit and the British Grand Prix at Silverstone. Rosberg's pole-winning lap at Silverstone created history when he lapped the 4.719 km (2.932 mi) circuit in 1:05.591 for an average speed of 160.9 miles per hour (258.9 km/h). This would remain the single fastest lap of a circuit in Formula One until broken by Williams driver Juan Pablo Montoya at the 2002 Italian Grand Prix at Monza.

Keke Rosberg's fifth and final Grand Prix victory came at the 1985 Australian Grand Prix on the brand new Adelaide Street Circuit. As it was the final race of the season, it was also Rosberg's final race for Williams. Keke gave the winners trophy to his race engineer, Frank Dernie. The win enhanced Rosberg's reputation as a "street fighter" as four of his five championship Grand Prix wins (Monaco, Dallas, Detroit and Adelaide) had all come on street circuits. Amazingly in Adelaide, Rosberg handled the 35°C heat better than most and won by 43 seconds from the Ligier Renaults of Jacques Laffite and Philippe Streiff.

Just as the Honda engine began producing regular results, Rosberg decided to leave Williams at the end of 1985 and signed for McLaren, winners of the 1984 and 1985 Drivers' and Constructors' championships. The Williams-Honda team would go on to dominate Grand Prix racing in 1986 and through 1987.

The final year – McLaren: 1986Edit

At the time, Rosberg's move to McLaren for the 1986 season had seemed a master stroke as they were the championship team of the previous two seasons, having done so (especially in 1984) in dominating fashion.[3] However, the 1986 McLaren was now somewhat underpowered compared to its rivals, and Rosberg, was soundly beaten by teammate, 1985 World Champion Alain Prost (the McLaren MP4/2C had been designed by John Barnard to suit the smoother style of Niki Lauda and Alain Prost, while Rosberg had never shed the ground effects style of late braking and throwing the car into a corner. It wasn't until it became known Barnard was leaving for Ferrari that the designer allowed Rosberg to fundamentally change his cars set up to suit his style. Ironically this coincided with Rosberg's only pole position of the season in Germany). On top of that, the fatal crash of Rosberg's close friend Elio de Angelis while testing a Brabham at the Paul Ricard circuit in France in May 1986 deeply affected him and he retired at the end of the season. He would later claim that he retired "too soon"[citation needed].

Keke Rosberg dominated the final race of his Formula One career, the 1986 Australian Grand Prix, though he did not win. While holding a 30-second lead over Nelson Piquet (his replacement at Williams), he had a rear tyre let go on lap 62. Thinking the noise from the back of his McLaren was engine related, he shut the engine off and pulled off the circuit, only to find when he got out and checked that all he needed to do was drive back to the pits to change tyres. However, he later revealed that he would never have won anyway, that he planned to give best to Alain Prost in the Frenchman's bid for back-to-back World Championships (Prost needed to win the race with Nigel Mansell finishing no better than 4th to claim the championship, while Rosberg had dropped out of title contention some races before). As it turned out, Prost won the race and the title, and a lap after Rosberg's retirement Mansell suffered the same fate as his former teammate, though in much more spectacular fashion.

Rosberg, who had made up his mind in mid 1984 that he would only race for two more years (but didn't announce it publicly until Germany 1986), had no regrets about leaving Williams and joining McLaren at a time when the Honda engine was starting to come on strong, while the Porsche built TAG engine (and the 3 season old MP4/2) was starting to show its age. In an interview following his retirement announcement, Rosberg said that he was glad he left Williams when he did, stating that had he stayed with them he might have quit Formula One early in the 1986 season after Frank Williams' pre-season accident (in which he suffered a spinal cord injury which left him a tetraplegic) had left someone in a position of authority within the team who he said was one of the reasons he had decided to leave Williams, adding "We simply could not stand each other". While Rosberg did not name the person, it was generally believed to be Williams head designer and Technical Director Patrick Head, who had taken over the day-to-day running of the team while Frank Williams recovered from his accident.

After Formula OneEdit

In 1989 Rosberg made his comeback in the Spa 24 Hours in a Ferrari Mondial run by Moneytron (cf. Jean-Pierre Van Rossem and Onyx), the same team that gave Rosberg's protégé JJ Lehto his debut in Formula One. Rosberg was a key element of Peugeot's extremely competitive sportscar squad in the early 1990s.[3] But after two years with the marque and varied successes (two victories and a failed attempt at the 24 Hours of Le Mans), he moved on to the German Touring Car Championship, the DTM, driving for Mercedes-Benz and Opel. Here he set up his own team, Team Rosberg, in 1995 and at the end of that year withdrew from driving to concentrate on running it.

Team Rosberg ran for another year in the DTM, until the series collapsed, and has been present in Formula BMW, German Formula Three, the Formula Three Euroseries and A1 GP since. Team Rosberg returned to the revived DTM in 2000, entering two Mercedes. Success, or even just scoring points, became harder with each passing season and Team Rosberg quit the series after their 2004 campaign, only to return in 2006, this time with Audi.

Manager of new talentEdit

Rosberg later spent a long time managing his countrymen JJ Lehto and future world champion Mika Häkkinen. Until 2008, he also managed his son Nico who entered Formula One in 2006 driving for Williams F1. In 2013 he and Nico became the first father and son to both win at Monaco, 30 years apart from each other. In 2016, he and Nico became the second father son duo to both win Formula One World Championships, after Graham Hill and Damon Hill had won the Championships of 1962 & 1968 and 1996 respectively.

HelmetEdit

In his karting years, Rosberg had a white helmet with a blue stripe, then, in F1, Sid Mosca (who designed helmets for Brazilian drivers including Ayrton Senna, Rubens Barrichello and Emerson Fittipaldi) painted Rosberg's helmet white with a blue circle on the top and the stripe was divided in a big blue rectangle covering the visor area with some blue rectangles behind (similar to Didier Pironi's helmet design). In 1984, the rectangles were replaced by a yellow trapezium. His son Nico used a design that had similarities to Keke's helmet earlier in his F1 career, with grey replacing blue and with flame motifs, before changing to a new design in 2014.[4]

Racing recordEdit

Complete European Formula Two Championship resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Pos. Pts
1976 Team Warsteiner Eurorace Toj F201 BMW HOC
Ret
THR
Ret
VAL
DNQ
SAL
13
PAU HOC
Ret
ROU
4
MUG
24
PER
DNQ
HOC
5
10th 5
Fred Opert Racing Chevron B35 Hart EST
Ret
NOG
1977 Fred Opert Racing Chevron B35 Hart SIL
Ret
6th 25
Chevron B40 THR
Ret
HOC
8
NÜR
3
VAL
12
PAU
11
MUG
Ret
ROU NOG
13
PER
1
MIS EST
4
DON
2
1978 Fred Opert Racing Chevron B42 Hart THR
Ret
HOC
8
NÜR
2
PAU
DNS
MUG
Ret
VAL
Ret
ROU DON
1
NOG
17
PER MIS HOC 5th 16
1979 Project Four Racing March 792 BMW SIL HOC
1
THR NÜR
Ret
VAL MUG PAU HOC ZAN PER MIS DON 12th 9

Complete Formula One World Championship resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 WDC Pts
1978 Theodore Racing Hong Kong Theodore TR1 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ARG BRA RSA
Ret
USW
DNPQ
MON
DNPQ
BEL
DNQ
ESP
DNPQ
NC 0
ATS Racing Team ATS HS1 SWE
15
FRA
16
GBR
Ret
Theodore Racing Hong Kong Wolf WR3 GER
10
AUT
NC
Wolf WR4 NED
Ret
ITA
DNPQ
ATS Racing Team ATS D1 USA
Ret
CAN
NC
1979 Olympus Cameras Wolf Racing Wolf WR8 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ARG BRA RSA USW ESP BEL MON FRA
9
GER
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
NC 0
Wolf WR7 GBR
Ret
Wolf WR9 AUT
Ret
NED
Ret
CAN
DNQ
1980 Skol Fittipaldi Team Fittipaldi F7 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ARG
3
BRA
9
RSA
Ret
USW
Ret
BEL
7
MON
DNQ
FRA
Ret
GBR
DNQ
10th 6
Fittipaldi F8 GER
Ret
AUT
16
NED
DNQ
ITA
5
CAN
9
USA
10
1981 Fittipaldi Automotive Fittipaldi F8C Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 USW
Ret
BRA
9
ARG
Ret
SMR
Ret
BEL
Ret
MON
DNQ
ESP
12
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
DNQ
AUT NED
DNQ
ITA
DNQ
CAN
DNQ
CPL
10
NC 0
1982 TAG Williams Team Williams FW07C Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 RSA
5
BRA
DSQ
USW
2
SMR 1st 44
Williams FW08 BEL
2
MON
Ret
DET
4
CAN
Ret
NED
3
GBR
Ret
FRA
5
GER
3
AUT
2
SUI
1
ITA
8
CPL
5
1983 TAG Williams Team Williams FW08C Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 BRA
DSQ
USW
Ret
FRA
5
SMR
4
MON
1
BEL
5
DET
2
CAN
4
GBR
11
GER
10
AUT
8
NED
Ret
ITA
11
EUR
Ret
5th 27
Williams FW09 Honda RA163-E 1.5 V6t RSA
5
1984 Williams Grand Prix Engineering Williams FW09 Honda RA163E 1.5 V6t BRA
2
RSA
Ret
BEL
4
SMR
Ret
FRA
6
MON
4
CAN
Ret
DET
Ret
DAL
1
8th 20.5
Williams FW09B Honda RA164E 1.5 V6t GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
AUT
Ret
NED
8
ITA
Ret
EUR
Ret
POR
Ret
1985 Canon Williams Team Williams FW10 Honda RA164E 1.5 V6t BRA
Ret
POR
Ret
SMR
Ret
MON
8
CAN
4
3rd 40
Honda RA165E 1.5 V6t DET
1
FRA
2
GBR
Ret
GER
12
AUT
Ret
NED
Ret
ITA
Ret
BEL
4
EUR
3
RSA
2
AUS
1
1986 Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/2C TAG TTE PO1 1.5 V6t BRA
Ret
ESP
4
SMR
5
MON
2
BEL
Ret
CAN
4
DET
Ret
FRA
4
GBR
Ret
GER
5
HUN
Ret
AUT
9
ITA
4
POR
Ret
MEX
Ret
AUS
Ret
6th 22

Did not finish, but was classified as he had completed more than 90% of the race distance.
Race was stopped with less than 75% of laps completed, half points awarded.

Formula One Non-Championship resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3
1978 Theodore Racing Hong Kong Theodore TR1 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 INT
1
1979 Olympus Cameras Wolf Racing Wolf WR9 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ROC GNM DIN
6
1980 Skol Team Fittipaldi Fittipaldi F7 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ESP
Ret
1981 Fittipaldi Automotive Fittipaldi F8C Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 RSA
4
1983 TAG Williams Team Williams FW08C Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ROC
1
Source:[5]

Complete World Sportscar Championship resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Class Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pos. Pts
1983 GTi Engineering C Porsche 956 Porsche Type-935 2.6 F6t MNZ SIL NÜR
3
LMS SPA FUJ KYA 25th 12
1990 Peugeot Talbot Sport C Peugeot 905 Peugeot SA35 3.5 V10 SUZ MNZ SIL SPA DIJ NÜR DON CGV
Ret
MEX
13
NC 0
1991 Peugeot Talbot Sport C1 Peugeot 905 Peugeot SA35 3.5 V10 SUZ
Ret
MNZ
Ret
SIL
Ret
LMS
Ret
NÜR
Ret
13th 40
Peugeot 905B MAG
1
MEX
1
AUT
Ret

Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans resultsEdit

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1991   Peugeot Talbot Sport   Yannick Dalmas
  Pierre-Henri Raphanel
Peugeot 905 C1 68 DNF DNF
Source:[6]

Complete Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Pos. Pts
1992 AMG Motorenbau GmbH Mercedes 190E 2.5-16 Evo2 ZOL
1

11
ZOL
2

Ret
NÜR
1

17
NÜR
2

8
WUN
1

4
WUN
2

1
AVU
1

12
AVU
2

15
HOC
1

3
HOC
2

Ret
NÜR
1

3
NÜR
2

3
NOR
1

Ret
NOR
2

18
BRN
1

Ret
BRN
2

2
DIE
1

3
DIE
2

2
ALE
1

Ret
ALE
2

6
NÜR
1

2
NÜR
2

2
HOC
1

Ret
HOC
2

DNS
5th 147
1993 Joest Racing Opel Calibra V6 4x4 ZOL
1
ZOL
2
HOC
1
HOC
2
NÜR
1
NÜR
2
WUN
1
WUN
2
NÜR
1
NÜR
2
NOR
1
NOR
2
DON
1
DON
2
DIE
1
DIE
2
ALE
1
ALE
2
AVU
1
AVU
2
HOC
1

7
HOC
2

Ret
18th 4
1994 Opel Team Joest Opel Calibra V6 4x4 ZOL
1

12
ZOL
2

10
HOC
1

Ret
HOC
2

3
NÜR
1

Ret
NÜR
2

Ret
MUG
1

13
MUG
2

Ret
NÜR
1

9
NÜR
2

Ret
NOR
1

17
NOR
2

DNS
DON
1

Ret
DON
2

DNS
DIE
1

Ret
DIE
2

DSQ
NÜR
1

5
NÜR
2

Ret
AVU
1

8
AVU
2

Ret
ALE
1

10
ALE
2

Ret
HOC
1

12
HOC
2

Ret
14th 27
1995 Opel Team Rosberg Opel Calibra V6 4x4 HOC
1

7
HOC
2

Ret
AVU
1

9
AVU
2

4
NOR
1

Ret
NOR
2

Ret
DIE
1

Ret
DIE
2

Ret
NÜR
1

4
NÜR
2

Ret
ALE
1

10
ALE
2

Ret
HOC
1

12
HOC
2

14
18th 17

Complete International Touring Car Championship resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Pos. Pts
1995 Opel Team Rosberg Opel Calibra V6 4x4 MUG
1

Ret
MUG
2

DNS
HEL
1

Ret
HEL
2

Ret
DON
1

13
DON
2

Ret
EST
1

Ret
EST
2

Ret
MAG
1

12
MAG
2

8
20th 3

In popular cultureEdit

In level 7 game 11 of the popular video game Angry Birds created by the Finnish company Rovio there is a caricature of Rosberg in a racing car sitting on the year '1982'.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results". formula1.com. Retrieved 28 November 2016. 
  2. ^ "Like father, like son - the second-generation F1 racers". formula1.com. Retrieved 28 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Keke Rosberg". formula1.com. Retrieved 2008-01-13. 
  4. ^ MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS (4 February 2014). "Nico Goes "Full Attack" with 2014 Helmet Design". Retrieved 28 November 2016 – via YouTube. 
  5. ^ "Keke Rosberg - Involvement Non World Championship". statsf1.com. Retrieved August 7, 2018. 
  6. ^ "All Results of Keke Rosberg". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved June 15, 2018. 

External linksEdit

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
first winner
Autosport
International Racing Driver Award

1982
Succeeded by
Nelson Piquet
Sporting positions
Preceded by
James Hunt
BRDC International Trophy winner
1978
Succeeded by
Final
Preceded by
Nelson Piquet
Formula One World Champion
1982
Succeeded by
Nelson Piquet
Preceded by
Gilles Villeneuve
Brands Hatch Race of Champions winner
1983
Succeeded by
Final