Walter Edward Michaels (born October 16, 1929) is a former professional football player and coach who is best remembered for his six-year tenure as head coach of the NFL's New York Jets from 1977 to 1982. In 1977, Michaels was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame and, in 1997 he was inducted into the National Polish American Sports Hall of Fame.
Michaels on a 1952 Bowman football card
|No. 35, 34|
October 16, 1929|
|Height:||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Weight:||231 lb (105 kg)|
|College:||Washington and Lee|
|NFL Draft:||1951 / Round: 7 / Pick: 86|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Player stats at PFR|
Early life and playing careerEdit
Collegiate and early NFL careerEdit
A son of a coal miner from Swoyersville, Pennsylvania, Michaels was a two-sport athlete at the local high school, then went on to play collegiately as a fullback at Washington & Lee University. During the 1950 season, he helped the Generals reach the Gator Bowl, but was unable to play in the contest due to an appendicitis attack he suffered one week before the New Year's Day game. In the 1951 NFL draft, he was selected in the seventh round by the Cleveland Browns, but was traded to the Green Bay Packers during the summer training camp. Michaels was used primarily on special teams during his rookie season in Green Bay.
Return to Cleveland Browns (1952–61)Edit
On April 29, 1952, Michaels was traded back to the Browns for three offensive linemen, and played a key role in the team's defense over the next decade at linebacker. Often used to call the defensive signals, Michaels intercepted 11 passes, including four in 1952, and also returned two of them for touchdowns. In those 10 years, Michaels helped the Browns play in five NFL Championship games, winning consecutive contests in 1954 and 1955.
Oakland Raiders assistant (1962)Edit
On April 3, 1962, Michaels entered the coaching ranks when he was hired by the American Football League's Oakland Raiders as the team's defensive backs coach. He would spend only one season there, with the success he enjoyed with the Browns nowhere to be found. The Raiders lost their first 13 games before winning the season finale, playing in Frank Youell Field, a temporary stadium.
New York Jets assistant (1963–73)Edit
After the 1962 season, Michaels joined the staff of the American Football League's New York Jets as defensive line coach. He played as an emergency fill-in at linebacker in the opening game of the 1963 season versus Boston. In 1967, with the departure of J.D. Donaldson, Michaels's responsibility shifted to linebackers and the secondary. He also became the "unofficial" defensive coordinator, creating the team's defensive game plans. The Jets defeated the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III, with Michaels seemingly the heir apparent to replace Ewbank, following the departure of fellow assistant Clive Rush.
Philadelphia Eagles assistant (1973–75)Edit
However, Michaels' career fortunes changed dramatically on February 1, 1973, when Ewbank hired his son-in-law, Charley Winner, and designated him his successor after the upcoming season. Michaels immediately resigned and within two weeks later had signed to become the defensive coordinator of the Philadelphia Eagles, working under former Browns' teammate Mike McCormack.
Three mediocre seasons in Philadelphia followed, with McCormack and his staff dismissed at the end of the 1975 NFL season. After Winner was also dismissed as Jets head coach, Michaels returned to New York, again resuming his role as the main coach on defense under new head coach Lou Holtz.
New York Jets assistant (1976–77)Edit
Holtz's one season at the professional level turned out to be a disaster, leading him to resign in the days prior to the last game of the season. On January 4, 1977, Michaels was officially selected as head coach of the Jets, beginning six seasons of wildly contrasting results.
New York Jets head coach (1977–83)Edit
1977 & 1978 Seasons
Michaels' first season saw the team win only three of 14 games, but over the next two years, the Jets managed to split their 16 contests in each year. The five-game improvement in 1978 was good enough to win Michaels the AFC Coach of the Year award.
The 1979 season was another 8–8 campaign that was marred by a quarterback controversy. Starter Richard Todd was demoted and new starter Matt Robinson was named for the season opener against the Cleveland Browns. But days before the game, Robinson injured his throwing-hand thumb during horseplay with Joe Klecko and tried to hide the injury, but was forced to reveal it the night before the game. The thumb was treated and the Jets took a 22–19 lead in the final quarter. Robinson had the tape on his injured thumb removed thinking the game was over, but Brian Sipe led a game-tying Browns drive, and in overtime Robinson, unable to grip the ball, threw a sloppy pass for Wesley Walker that was intercepted and turned into a Browns game-winning field goal. Michaels never used Robinson again even as Richard Todd got injured.
Another incident during 1979 illustrated the fragile dynamic of Michaels' tenure with the Jets. On November 26 the Jets were crushed 30–7 by the Seattle Seahawks in the Kingdome; one Seahawks score was set up when cornerback Cornell Webster blocked a Chuck Ramsey punt, this following a Jets turnover on a mishandled snap. Following the game Michaels called out Ramsey in front of teammates by snarling, "I can fart farther than you can kick!" 
1980 & 1981 Seasons: '81 season 1st playoff year since '69
A rough 4–12 season in 1980 was followed by an 0–3 start. Following a 31-30 loss to the Bengals an ugly Monday press conference occurred. Michaels angrily confronted New York Daily News writer Bill Verigan an hour before the press conference, then in the ensuing conference Michaels' eyes were described as "glazed" and his speech "slurred." Despite this the Jets surged to win ten games, securing their first playoff berth since 1969. The year's success ended with a 31-27 defeat to the Buffalo Bills in the AFC Wild Card game.
1982 Season: Jets march to AFC title game
During the strike-shortened 1982 NFL season, the Jets went 6–3, then pounded the Cincinnati Bengals 44–17 in the first round of that year's expanded playoff system. Traveling to face the top-seeded Los Angeles Raiders the following week, the Jets pulled off a 17–14 upset.
One game away from Super Bowl XVII, the Jets arrived at Miami's Orange Bowl on January 23, 1983 to find that the field had not been covered, despite a heavy rain storm. The subsequent AFC Championship game became known as the "Mud Bowl", where the Jets lost 14–0 to the Miami Dolphins.
Resignation from Jets jobEdit
On February 10, 1983, just 17 days after the loss to the Dolphins, Michaels unexpectedly resigned, citing a need for a break from football. He had been under severe emotional strain during the last weeks of the 1982 regular season, taking time each week to visit his terminally ill mother in Pennsylvania.
New Jersey Generals, USFL (1984-85)Edit
Michaels would then coach the New Jersey Generals in the USFL for two years beginning in 1984. One month after the conclusion of the 1985 season, Michaels and his staff were let go by Generals' team owner Donald Trump after the team merged with the Houston Gamblers. The Generals never played another game, however, as the 1986 season was cancelled and the league folded after winning a mere $1 verdict in its antitrust lawsuit against the NFL.
ILAF (International League of American Football)Edit
On December 21, 1989, Michaels was hired as coach of the Helsinki franchise in the new International League of American Football, a developmental league and the forerunner of the now defunct World League of American Football and NFL Europe.
Head coaching recordEdit
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|NYJ||1977||3||11||0||.214||5th in AFC East||-||-||-|
|NYJ||1978||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC East||-||-||-|
|NYJ||1979||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC East||-||-||-|
|NYJ||1980||4||12||0||.250||5th in AFC East||-||-||-|
|NYJ||1981||10||5||1||.656||2nd in AFC East||0||1||.000||Lost to the Buffalo Bills in AFC Wild-Card Game|
|NYJ||1982 *||6||3||0||.667||6th in AFC Division||2||1||.667||Lost to the Miami Dolphins in AFC Championship Game|
|NJG||1984||14||4||0||.778||2nd in Eastern Conference-Atlantic Division||0||1||.000||Lost to the Philadelphia Stars in Eastern Conference Semifinals|
|NJG||1985||11||7||0||.611||2nd in Eastern Conference||0||1||.000||Lost to the Baltimore Stars in Eastern Conference Quarterfinals|
- Note: The 1982 season was reduced to 9 games due to an 8-week player strike.
- "Walt Michaels". National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame. June 12, 1997.
- Eskenazi, Gerald (1998). GANG GREEN: An Irreverent Look Behind The Scenes At Thirty-Eight (Well, Thirty-Seven) Seasons Of New York Jets Football Futility (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998), pp. 146–8 ISBN 0-684-84115-0
- Eskenazi, GANG GREEN, pp. 155–6.
- Eskenazi, GANG GREEN, pp. 173-76.