Wahid Hasyim

Abdul Wahid Hasyim (June 1, 1914 – April 19, 1953) was the first Minister of Religious Affairs in the government of President Sukarno of Indonesia, a post he held in 1945, and from 1949 to 1952.

Abdul Wahid Hasyim
Abdul Wahid Hasyim.jpg
Hasyim as Minister of Religious Affairs circa 1950
1st Minister of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia
In office
30 September 1945 – 14 November 1945
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byNone, new term
Succeeded byRasjidi
In office
6 September 1950 – 3 April 1952
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byMasjkur
Succeeded byFakih Usman
In office
20 December 1949 – 6 September 1950
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byMasjkur
Succeeded byMasjkur
Personal details
Born(1914-06-01)June 1, 1914
Jombang, East Java, Dutch East Indies
DiedApril 19, 1953(1953-04-19) (aged 38)
Cimahi, West Java, Indonesia
Cause of deathTraffic collision
NationalityIndonesia
Spouse(s)Solehah binti K.H. Bisri Syansuri
ChildrenK.H. Abdurrahman Wahid
Aisyah Hamid Baidlowi
K.H. Salahuddin Wahid
dr. Umar Wahid, Sp.P
Lily Chodijah Wahid
Hasyim Wahid
Wahid Hasyim when he was 12 years old

He was the son of Nahdlatul Ulama founder Hasyim Asy'ari and went on to lead the organization.[1] In the future his son, Abdurrahman Wahid, also held the same office in NU, and later was elected as President of Indonesia in 1999.

One of the main roads in central Jakarta, Jalan Wahid Hasyim, is named after him.

Early lifeEdit

Hasyim was born in 1914 as a child of Hasyim Asy'ari and one of his wives, Nafiqoh.[2] Both Asy’ari and Nafiqoh hailed from ulema families in East Java. Hasyim is Asy'ari's first-born male and his fifth child. He spent most of his childhood in Jombang, which included attending a pesantren that his father founded, Pesantren Tebuireng. By 1926, he had finished his schooling in Tebuireng and spent two years continuing his education in various East Java pesantren as was the tradition at the time.[3]

Following his hajj pilgrimage in 1932 with one his cousins, Muhammad Ilyas, Hasyim spent two more years in Saudi Arabia to further his study of Islamic hadith and fiqh. On returning to Jombang, he made several education reforms to the pesantren his father owns, including incorporating a general education system alongside the Islamic one. His experience in Saudi Arabia also led him to start learning foreign languages, such as English, German, and Dutch.[3]

Personal lifeEdit

Hasyim married his cousin, Solehah, in 1939. He met Solehah in a wedding ceremony in the same year. From this marriage, the couple had six children: Abdurrahman Wahid, Aisyah Hamid Baidlowi, Salahuddin Wahid, Umar Wahid, Lily Chodijah Wahid, and Hasyim Wahid.[4]

DeathEdit

Hasyim died following a traffic accident on April 18, 1953 where the vehicle that he was riding on collided with a truck in Cimindi. His son, Abdurrahman Wahid, and Argo Sutjipto, the secretary of the central board of Nahdlatul Ulama, were also occupying the vehicle during the incident. Hasyim and Sutjipto were severely injured and it took four hours before they were able to be transported to the nearest medical center, Borromeus Hospital. Wahid survived the crash, but Hasyim died on April 19, followed by Sutjipto the very next day.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ National Information and Communication Agency 2001, p. 6
  2. ^ Center, Ulama Nusantara (2020-06-09). "Sepucuk Biografi Perempuan Hebat Pendamping Hadratussyaikh Hasyim Asy'ari 'Nyai Masruroh'". Ulama Nusantara Center (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  3. ^ a b c <Publishing, TEMPO (2014-01-01). WAHID HASYIM: From Tebuireng for the Republic. Tempo Publishing.
  4. ^ antaranews.com (2020-08-01). "Berpulangnya sang bungsu putra KH Wahid Hasyim". Antara News. Retrieved 2021-02-03.

External linksEdit

  • K.H. Abdurrahman Wahid: President of the Republic of Indonesia. National Information and Communication Agency. 2001. OCLC 47863547.