K.H. Masjkur (EISS: Masykur; 15 December 1917 ‒ 25 December 1994) was the Minister of Religion Indonesia in the years 1947–1949 and 1953–1955. He was also a member of House of Representatives of Indonesia in 1956–1971 and a member of Supreme Advisory Council in 1968.

Kyai Hadji Masjkur
Kyai Haji Masjkur.jpg
5th Indonesian Minister of Religious Affairs
In office
11 November 1947 – 21 January 1950
Preceded byAnwaruddin
Succeeded byWahid Hasyim
In office
30 July 1953 – 12 August 1955
Preceded byFakih Usman
Succeeded byMuhammad Ilyas
Personal details
Born(1917-12-15)December 15, 1917
Malang, East Java, Dutch East Indies
DiedDecember 25, 1994(1994-12-25) (aged 77)
Political partyNahdlatul Ulama

Prominent involvement in the struggle for independence in the days of the Japanese occupation, as a member of the Board of Inquiry Efforts Preparation of Indonesian Independence. Masjkur also noted as the founder of Homeland Defenders (PETA) a Japanese backed militia made in preparation of a possible allied invasion, a predecessor to the Indonesian armed forces. When the battle of Surabaya broke out, his name appeared as the leader of Barisan Sabilillah.