Salahuddin Wahid (11 September 1942 – 2 February 2020), colloquially known as Gus Solah, was an Indonesian Islamic scholar and politician. He originated from a Nahdlatul Ulama family, and was the younger brother of Indonesian president Abdurrahman Wahid. He served in the country's People's Consultative Assembly (1998–1999), and as the vice chair of the National Commission on Human Rights (2002–2004). During the 2004 Indonesian presidential election, he became the running mate to Wiranto, though the ticket lost the election.
Wahid as a vice-presidential nominee in 2004
|Member of People's Consultative Assembly|
1998 – 30 September 1999
|Born||11 September 1942|
Jombang, Japanese Indies
|Died||2 February 2020 (aged 77)|
|Relations||Wahid Hasyim (father)|
Abdurrahman Wahid (brother)
|Alma mater||Bandung Institute of Technology|
Early life and familyEdit
Salahuddin Wahid was born in Jombang, in East Java, on 11 September 1942. His father was Wahid Hasyim, and his grandfather was Hasyim Asy'ari, the founder of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). He attended public schools in Jakarta, graduating from SMPN 1 Cikini and SMAN 1 Jakarta, before obtaining a degree in architecture from the Bandung Institute of Technology.
He married Farida, daughter of former Minister of Religious Affairs Saifuddin Zuhri and sister of future minister to the same office Lukman Hakim Saifuddin, in 1968. The couple have three children.
After graduating from his studies, Wahid worked in architecture and had leadership positions in construction companies, but departed these roles following the Asian financial crisis. Between 1998 and 1999, Wahid served in the People's Consultative Assembly. Following the fall of Suharto, multiple political parties were established which were related to NU, including the National Awakening Party (PKB) and the Ummat Awakening Party (PKU). Salahuddin's brother and later president Abdurrahman Wahid (Gus Dur) joined PKB, while Salahuddin joined PKU. The two engaged in public debates published by the newspaper Media Indonesia during October 1998, on the topic of their father's vision for the country. Gus Dur argued that Hasyim supported Pancasila (the state ideology of Indonesia), while Salahuddin argued that he supported a state based on Islam. Wahid left PKU in September 1999.
In 1999, Wahid ran for the chairmanship of NU. He placed third in the first round of voting, but withdrew from the second round. Later, in 2002 he became the vice chair of the National Commission on Human Rights (KOMNAS HAM). In the organisation, he led a team investigating Wiranto for human rights violations in East Timor following the 1999 independence referendum, which eventually released a conclusion absolving Wiranto's responsibility on significant violations. He also led the fact-seeking teams related to human rights violations during the May 1998 riots and in the Buru camps.
Wiranto later selected Wahid as his running mate in the 2004 Indonesian presidential election. Wahid represented PKB, which was in coalition with Golkar, Wiranto's supporting party. Wahid resigned from NU's central committee and KOMNAS HAM in order to participate in the election. The ticket finished third with 22.15 percent of the votes, preventing them from advancing to the run-off which was later won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Jusuf Kalla.
In January 2020, Wahid underwent an ablation in Harapan Kita Heart Hospital, Jakarta. He was later readmitted to the hospital because he reported problems following the procedure, which required a surgery on 31 January. His condition did not improve after the surgery and he died at 20.55 local time on 2 February. His body will be flown in the morning of 3 February to Jombang, where his funeral is scheduled in the afternoon. He will be buried in the Tebuireng burial grounds, in the same complex near his parents, grandparents, and his late brother Abdurrahman Wahid.
Wahid called for NU to avoid politics. He also called for the protection of Ahmadiyya followers–who face persecution in Indonesia–and called for the government to make use of the Constitution and the country's laws rather than Indonesian Ulema Council's fatwas as a point of reference. Wahid also stated that while he personally believed that the Ahmadiyya movement was theologically wrong, an organisation could only be disbanded if it violated the laws, and the disbandment must be done through legal means instead of pressure from religious groups.
- "Profil Gus Solah". VIVA (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Pengasuh Pesantren Tebuireng Periode Ketujuh KH. Salahuddin Wahid (2006-sekarang)". tebuireng.online (in Indonesian). Pesantren Tebuireng. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- Triraharjo, Mardiansyah (12 March 2019). "Mengenal Sosok KH Salahuddin Wahid, Sang Pembaharu Pesantren Tebuireng". Radar Jombang (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 11 October 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
- Mujani, Saiful; Liddle, R. William; Ambardi, Kuskridho (2018). Voting Behaviour in Indonesia since Democratization: Critical Democrats. Cambridge University Press. pp. 59–61. ISBN 9781108421799. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- Bush 2009, pp. 125–127.
- Bush 2009, pp. 164–166.
- Ananta, Aris; Arifin, Evi Nurvidya; Suryadinata, Leo (2005). Emerging Democracy in Indonesia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 82–83. ISBN 9789812303226. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- Danu Damarjati (2 February 2020). "Innalilahi Wa Inna Ilaihi Raji'un, Gus Solah Wafat". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
- "Mantan Wakil Ketua Komnas HAM Gus Sholah Tutup Usia" [Former Vice Chair of National Commission on Human Rights Gus Sholah Passed Away]. CNBC Indonesia. 2 February 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
- Kristian Erdianto; Krisiandi (2 February 2020). "Jenazah Gus Sholah Akan Dimakamkan di Tebuireng" [Gus Sholah To Be Buried in Tebuireng]. Kompas. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- "Pertarungan Gagasan Calon di Muktamar NU". KOMPAS (in Indonesian). 26 March 2010. Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Salahuddin Wahid: Negara Tidak Boleh Merujuk MUI". Tempo (in Indonesian). 14 February 2008. Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Gus Sholah: Ahmadiyah Salah, tapi..." KOMPAS (in Indonesian). 8 March 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- Bush, Robin (2009). Nahdlatul Ulama and the Struggle for Power Within Islam and Politics in Indonesia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 9789812308764.