Vitória do Jari

Vitória do Jari (Portuguese pronunciation: [viˈtɔɾi.ɐ du ʒaˈɾi]), (Jari's Victory) is a municipality located in the southernmost tip of the state of Amapá in Brazil. Its population is 16,254[3] and its area is 2,509 km2 (969 sq mi). Vitória do Jari has a population density of 5.9 inhabitants per square kilometer. The town is located on the Jari River on the other side of Munguba,[4] and was originally called Beiradinho.

Vitória do Jari

Beiradinho
The Municipality of Vitória do Jari
Vitória do Jari Amapá Brazil.jpg
Flag of Vitória do Jari
Flag
Official seal of Vitória do Jari
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"Beiradinho"
Location of Vitória do Jari in the State of Amapá
Location of Vitória do Jari in the State of Amapá
Coordinates: 0°55′45″S 52°25′35″W / 0.9293°S 52.4264°W / -0.9293; -52.4264Coordinates: 0°55′45″S 52°25′35″W / 0.9293°S 52.4264°W / -0.9293; -52.4264
Country Brazil
RegionNorth
StateBandeira do Amapá.svg Amapá
Founded8 September 1994
Government
 • MayorRaimundo de Alcimar Ney de Souza (PT)
Area
 • Total2,509 km2 (969 sq mi)
Elevation
3 m (10 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total16,254
 • Density6.5/km2 (17/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
HDI (2000)0.659 – medium[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Celulose plant in Munguba and Vitória do Jari on the Jari River (1995)

The town started as a shanty town for the Jari project. It was originally called Beiradinho.[5] People in the informal economy who worked in Munguba could not afford housing in the Munguba or Monte Dourado.[6] In 1994, the town was renamed Vitória do Jari and became an independent municipality.[5]

NatureEdit

The municipality contains 17% of the 501,771 hectares (1,239,900 acres) Rio Cajari Extractive Reserve, created in 1990.[7]

EconomyEdit

The economy is based on agricultural with an emphasis on corn, bananas, and watermelons, and cattle and buffalo ranches.[8] CADAM, a kaolin mining company is a major employer in the region.[4]

JarilândiaEdit

Jarilândia is the location where Gmelina arborea was planted on a large scale for the pulp industry as part of the Jari project. In 1969, planting began, but soon the trees failed to grow.[9] The project was cancelled in 1982.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Vitória do Jari" (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  2. ^ [1] UNDP
  3. ^ IBGE 2020
  4. ^ a b "Vitória do Jari". Amapá Digital (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Informações da Comarca de Vitória do Jarí". Tribunal de Justiça do Estado do Amapá (in Portuguese). Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  6. ^ Neila Soares da Silva (2008). Like a Murure: Social Change in a Terra-Firme Community on the Amazon Estuary (PDF) (Thesis). University of Florida. p. 57.
  7. ^ RESEX do Rio Cajari (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 6 November 2016
  8. ^ "Vitória do Jari". Government of Amapá (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  9. ^ A. GREAVES (1979). "GMELINA – LARGE SCALE PLANTING, JARILANDIA, AMAZON BASIN". The Commonwealth Forestry Review.
  10. ^ "Daniel Ludwig, Billionaire Businessman, Dies at 95". New York Times. Retrieved 1 April 2021.

External linksEdit