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Vinnytsia II (single-mandate constituency)

The No.12 single-mandate constituency (Ukrainian: Одномандатний виборчий округ №12, Odnomandatnyi vyborchyi okruh №12), shortened to OVO No.12 (Ukrainian: ОВО №12) is one of 225 electoral districts that elects a member of parliament (people's deputy) to the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's national parliament.

No.12
single-mandate constituency
Logo of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.svg
Province Vinnytsia Oblast
Polling divisions115[1]
PopulationIncrease 177,067 (2014)[2]
Major settlementsVinnytsia, 2 urban-type settlements, 33 villages[3]
Current single-mandate constituency
CreatedFor the 1998 election
Seats1 MP
Election2014
MP electedOleksiy Poroshenko
(P. Poroshenko Bloc), 64.04%[4]
Party listsSteady P. Poroshenko Bloc, 44.08%
Steady People's Front, 17.96%
Steady Self Reliance, 10.44%
Decrease Svoboda, 5.52%
Decrease Fatherland, 5.18%[5]
Turnout56.68%, 100,327 votes[5]

Ukraine's electoral system is based on the mixed-member proportional representation system, which stipulates that half of a countries MPs are elected from proportional party lists, with the other half elected from first-past-the-post constituencies. A constituency's votes for a political bloc or party is tallied up with the rest of the 224 constituencies to determine the results of the proportional representation voting.[6]

It was created in 1998 and has only been won by two MPs; current President Petro Poroshenko, who has represented the constituency in three different convocations of parliament, and his son Oleksiy Poroshenko, who currently represents the constituency from the Petro Poroshenko Bloc.[4]

Contents

LocationEdit

 
Vinnytsia I and II single-mandate constituencies within Vinnytsia Oblast.

The No.12 single-mandate constituency is located in north-central Vinnytsia Oblast (province) in Ukraine, representing half of the province's administrative center, Vinnytsia, its districts, Leninskyi, Staromiskyi, and Zamostianskyi Raions; the urban-type settlements of Voronovytsia, Desna; and 33 villages.[3]

According to Section III "Territorial Organization of the Elections of Deputies" of Ukraine's electoral law "On the elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine," each of the country's 225 single-mandate constituencies must have an approximately equal number of voters. The constituency's boundaries are determined by the respective "boundaries of administrative units, interests of local communities, and interests of national minorities living in the respective territories."[6]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2014, the constituency's population consisted of 177,067 inhabitants,[2] which is slightly smaller than the 1:196,000 average population ratio of 225 constituencies to Ukraine's 2014 population of 44,291,413.[7]

HistoryEdit

The No.12 single-mandate constituency was established in 1998 in preparation for the upcoming 29 March parliamentary election, carved out of the No.55 single-mandate constituency after a redistricting. For the 1998, 2002, 2012, and the 2014 parliamentary elections, Ukraine used a mixed-member proportional representation system to elect MPs, with half of the parliament's 450 seats being elected on a proportional representation system, with the other half elected on a first-past-the-post system in 225 single-mandate constituencies.[8][9]

During the 2006 and 2007 parliamentary elections, all of the 225 single-mandate constituencies were replaced with territorial constituencies. During these elections, Vinnytsia was represented by the No.9 territorial constituency (Ukrainian: Територіальний виборчий округ №9, Terytorial’nyi vyborchyi okruh №9), which was in effect a combination of the No.11 and No.12 constituencies of the previous elections.[10][11]

For the next election due to be contested in 2019, all of the current 225 single-mandate constituencies will be abolished owing to the fact that the proportional representation system will be re-established for future parliamentary elections.[12]

List of deputiesEdit

The constituency is notable since President Petro Poroshenko has been elected to represent it on three occasions, during the parliament's 3rd convocation,[13] 4th convocation,[14] and 7th convocations.[15] His son Oleksiy Poroshenko currently represents the constituency.[4][16]

Convocation MP Term of office Percent Votes Elected as Refs.
I Represented by No.24, No.25, and No.31 electoral constituencies [17][18][19]
II Represented by No.47, No.49, and No.55 electoral constituencies [20][21][22]
III Petro Poroshenko 1998 May 12 2002 May 14 17.44 18,809 Independent [13]
IV 2002 May 14 2005 September 8 49.99 53,058 Our Ukraine Bloc [14]
V No.12 single-mandate constituency abolished—No.9 territorial constituency established [10]
VI [11]
VII Petro Poroshenko 2012 December 12 2014 June 3 71.52 73,493 Independent [15]
VIII Oleksiy Poroshenko 2014 November 27 Present 64.04 62,359 Petro Poroshenko Bloc [16]

Election resultsEdit

Although the No.12 single-mandate constituency was established for four of Ukraine's parliamentary elections, this area is represented by the No.12 territorial constituency for presidential elections, as was the case in 1999, 2004, 2010, and 2014. The territory of this constituency is quite larger and different in its boundaries, representing the province's Vinnytsia Raion (district), and the Zamostianskyi Raion of the city of Vinnytsia itself. Accordingly, this presidential election constituency voted for President Leonid Kuchma in 1999, President Viktor Yushchenko in 2004, front-runner Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko in 2010, and President Poroshenko himself in 2014.[23]

1998Edit

 
The Roshen Confectionery Corporation, owned by the district's former MP Petro Poroshenko, is located within the constituency's boundaries.

In both of the 1998 and 2002 parliamentary elections, the No.12 single mandate district was simply called the No.12 electoral district (Ukrainian: Виборчий округ № 12, Vyborchyi okruh № 12). In the 1998 elections, the No. 12 constituency voted for the Communist Party of Ukraine, with 18.70% of the vote, while the People's Democratic Party gained 10.90% of the vote, the Party of Greens of Ukraine gained 8.98%, and People's Movement of Ukraine gained 7.65%.[24]

Ukrainian parliamentary election, 1998[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Petro Poroshenko 18,809 17.44
Our Ukraine Bloc Volodymyr Skomarovskyi 18,751 17.38
Hromada Dmytro Dvorkis 12,052 11.17

2002Edit

In the 2002 elections, the Our Ukraine Bloc gained a significant portion of the vote with 30.15%, while the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc was in second place with 20.39%, the Communist Party fell back to third place with 12.95%, and the Socialist Party of Ukraine gained 7.18%.[25]

Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2002[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Our Ukraine Bloc Petro Poroshenko 53,058 49.99   32.55
Communist Party Hennadiy Papush 7,181 6.76

2012Edit

 
Map of the single-mandate districts which were used for the 2012 and 2014 parliamentary elections.

After a two election year absence of the mixed-member proportional representation system, the constituency was re-established for the 2012 election, and the subsequent 2014 election. In 2012, Fatherland took a large portion of the former Our Ukraine Bloc's vote with 44.29%, while the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform won 16.90%, Svoboda won 13.36%, the Party of Regions won 12.26%, and the Communist Party placed in a distant fifth with 7.41%.[26]

Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2012[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Petro Poroshenko 73,493 71.52   21.53
Svoboda Volodymyr Bazelyuk 9,375 9.12

2014Edit

In 2014, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc gained a significant portion of the constituency's vote, with 44.08%, while the People's Front (made up largely of representatives from the Fatherland party) won 17.96%. Meanwhile, Self Reliance won 10.44%, Svoboda won 5.52%, and Fatherland placed in a distant fifth with 5.18%.[5]

Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2014[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Petro Poroshenko Bloc Oleksiy Poroshenko 62,359 64.04
Self Reliance Oleksandr Slobodyanyuk 13,538 13.90

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Polling stations of the No.12 single-mandate constituency". Extraordinary Elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine 2014 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Vinnytsia Oblast. No.12 single-mandate constituency". Extraordinary Elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine 2014 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Vinnytsia Oblast. Administrative-territorial composition of the single-mandate constituency No.12". Extraordinary Elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine 2014 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d "Information about the election results in the single-mandate constituency". Extraordinary Elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine 2014 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "Vinntsia Oblast - District OVO No.12". People's choice (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  6. ^ a b Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine No. 10-11: Про вибори народних депутатів України (On the elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine). Adopted on 15 May 2014. (Ukrainian)
  7. ^ "People and Society: Ukraine". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  8. ^ "Ukraine". International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  9. ^ Bohasheva, Nataliya; Klyuchkovskyi, Yuriyd. "Evolution of the electoral system in Ukraine". The Herald of the Central Election Commission (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  10. ^ a b "No.9 territorial constituency". Election of People's Deputies of Ukraine 2006 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  11. ^ a b "No.9 territorial constituency". Election of People's Deputies of Ukraine 2007 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  12. ^ "Five parties publicly signed the coalition agreement" (in Ukrainian). BBC Ukraine. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  13. ^ a b "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the III convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  14. ^ a b "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the IV convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  15. ^ a b "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  16. ^ a b "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  17. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the I convocation (Zinchenko)". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  18. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the I convocation (Savvin)". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  19. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the I convocation (Didyk)". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  20. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the II convocation (Markovska)". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  21. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the II convocation (Kvyatkovskyi)". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  22. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the II convocation (Kondratyuk)". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  23. ^ Source: Central Election Commission of Ukraine data for 1999, 2004, 2010, and 2014 presidential elections.
  24. ^ a b "Electoral district No.12 Vinnytsia Oblast". Elections of the People's Deputies of Ukraine 1998 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  25. ^ a b "Electoral district No.12 Vinnytsia Oblast". Elections of the People's Deputies of Ukraine 2002 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  26. ^ "No.12 single-mandate district (Vinnytsia Oblast". Elections of the People's Deputies of Ukraine 2012 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  27. ^ "Information about the election results in the single-mandate constituency". Elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine 2012 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.

External linksEdit