Vanessa-Mae (陈美 Chén Měi; born 27 October 1978) also called Vanessa-Mae Vanakorn Nicholson, is a Singaporean-born British violinist with album sales reaching several million, having made her the wealthiest entertainer under 30 in the United Kingdom in 2006. She competed under the name Vanessa Vanakorn (Thai: วาเนสซ่า วรรณกร; her father's surname) for Thailand in alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics. She was initially banned from skiing by the International Ski Federation (FIS) after participating in a qualifying race allegedly organised to enable her to qualify for the Winter Olympics. An appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport led to the ban being nullified, citing lack of evidence for her own wrongdoing or any manipulation. The FIS later issued an apology to her.
Vanessa-Mae Vanakorn Nicholson
27 October 1978
|Other names||Vanessa Vanakorn|
Early life and educationEdit
Vanessa-Mae was born on 27 October 1978 in Singapore, to Singaporean mother Pamela Soei Luang Tan and Thai father Vorapong Vanakorn. After adoption by a British father, she moved to London at the age of 4 where she began playing the violin, having already started the piano in Singapore. At the age of eight Vanessa-Mae embarked upon a period of study with Professor Lin Yao Ji at the National Conservatoire of Music in Beijing. Vanessa-Mae returned to London and entered London's Royal College of Music.
Vanessa-Mae made her professional debut when she was ten at a music festival in Germany.
She was managed by her mother until Vanessa-Mae fired her in 1999.
Vanessa-Mae has occasionally recorded her own compositions. Her 1997 album China Girl: The Classical Album 2 included two pieces in which she shared a writing credit: Violin Fantasy on Puccini's 'Turandot' and Reunification Overture, marking the reunification of China and Hong Kong.
In 2017, ClassicFM compiled a list of the 300 best selling classical albums in the 25 years it has been running. Vanessa-Mae entered three times. The Classical Album 1 reached 244, Storm reached 135 and her debut mainstream album The Violin Player is the 76th best selling. The site claims that her total album sales make "her the biggest-selling solo violinist in the chart".
Vanessa-Mae stated that she "started skiing around the same time as I began playing the piano, at around four, before moving to the violin at five", and that it had been her "dream to be a ski bum since I was 14." In 2009 Vanessa-Mae took up residence in the Swiss alpine resort of Zermatt. In August 2010, she told The Telegraph, "I am British, but realistically there is no way I could represent my own country, but because my natural father is Thai, they have accepted me." She registered as a Thai alpine skier.
In 2014, Thailand had no Alpine skiers in the top 500, and Olympic rules allowed such countries to send one man and one woman to the Olympics slalom and giant slalom, based on alternative criteria: The skier must have 140 points or less, smaller scores being better under the International Ski Federation (FIS) system, while starting at least five internationally recognised slalom or giant slalom events.
At the request of Vanessa-Mae's management and the Thai Olympic Committee, a giant slalom competition was organised by the Alpine Ski Club Triglav and took place on 18 and 19 January 2014 at Krvavec in Slovenia, and would be the last chance for Vanessa-Mae to achieve the FIS-recognised score to qualify for the February 2014 Olympics. The event included a national junior championship, in which she was 14 years older than any of the competition.
The event put her score under the 140-point average, dropping it from 269.44 on 11 January to 131.15 at the end of 19 January. Her manager Giles Holland said "It would appear that she's done it. She's done it by a whisker, but she's done it." FIS confirmed her eligibility to compete in the 2014 Olympics, with Ana Jelusic of the FIS mentioning that the Krvavec results "ticks all the boxes".
A Swiss race on 3 and 4 February raised her score to 171.09.
She was one of two alpine skiers who represented Thailand at the 2014 Winter Olympics, where she competed under the name of "Vanessa Vanakorn" (วาเนสซ่า เมย์ ตัน วรรณกร; Vanessa May Tan Vanakorn).
On 18 February 2014, Vanakorn finished 67th of 90 skiers, with a time of 1:44.86 on her first run at giant slalom, 26.98 seconds behind the leader. She started in the 87th position, representing her relative ranking in the world giant slalom rankings. In run 2, she had a time of 1:42.11, 24.21 seconds behind the leader of run 2. She started 74th in run 2, the last starter for run 2. At the end of the event, she had a total time of 3:26.97, 50.10 seconds behind the gold medal winner, Tina Maze of Slovenia. She was last of the 67 racers who finished, although 23 other racers failed to complete the race.
Investigation and appealEdit
On 10 July 2014 four Slovenian ski competition organisers were reported to have each been given four-year bans on working with Slovenian Ski Union (Smučarska zveza Slovenije) and FIS competitions because of supposedly fixed Sochi Winter Olympics qualifications for the Thai ski team at Krvavec in January 2014 – with the only goal to successfully qualify Vanessa Mae. However, no formal bans were ever handed out.
On 11 November 2014, the FIS Hearing Panel issued its own findings about the Krvavec event less than 10 months earlier: The weather was such that no regular race could be held; the competition's referee said that "any comparable competition in Slovenia would have been cancelled". A previously retired competitor took part in the alleged competition solely to lower (improve) the scores of the participants. The official results of "approximately 23 competitors" for the two races on 18 January included results at least two people who in fact did not attend. The official results for two giant slalom races on 19 January also included results for a person who was not even present at the Krvavec competition. One competitor who fell was given an official timing 10 seconds better than reality, and put in second place in the official results. At least one participant started outside the starting wand; afterward, the starter manually triggered the starting wand.
The Hearing Panel issued a worldwide four-year ban against Vanessa-Mae, two-year ban against the Chief of Race Borut Hrobat, and one-year bans against the FIS Technical Delegate, Chief of Timing, Referee, and Starter. FIS president Gian-Franco Kasper commented to Associated Press concerning the violations: "Those who have been sanctioned have been sanctioned for good reason. At first we were laughing when we heard it. But then we realised it's quite a serious thing."
As two or more participants worked in combination to violate the rules, the FIS Hearing Panel recommended that all four events during the Krvavec competition be annulled. The Hearing Panel noted that, if the results were to be annulled by the FIS Council, it will mean that Vanessa-Mae, Federica Selva of San Marino, and Ieva Januškevičiūtė of Lithuania will have not qualified for the 2014 Olympic Games. Vanessa-Mae issued a statement calling the ban "nonsensical" and saying "we will" appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
The FIS Council met on 18 November and cancelled the results of "all four giant slalom races" at Krvavec and issued a press release saying that "Vanessa Vanakorn (THA) who competed in the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games therefore did not qualify and should not have been participating in the Sochi 2014 Games." The FIS Council was of the opinion that Federica Selva and Ieva Januškevičiūtė "were victims of the manipulated races", and forwarded the information to the International Olympic Committee. Vanessa-Mae filed appeals with the Court of Arbitration for Sport on 4 December 2014 against both the FIS Hearing Panel and the FIS Council.
On 19 June 2015 the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) voided Vanessa-Mae's four-year ban, saying there was a lack of evidence that she herself manipulated the races; but the CAS dismissed her appeal to restore the qualifying results, confirming that the qualifying races "were so defective that their results and qualification points gained therefrom could not stand", and therefore "Vanessa Vanakorn remains ineligible to compete in the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games". The CAS's decision also awarded an amount of money to be paid by the FIS to Vanessa-Mae.
Despite Vanessa-Mae's successful result in nullifying the FIS race ban at the CAS appeal, there was still some doubt over the status of her races at the 2014 Winter Olympics. However, in January 2016 the media announced that the International Olympic Committee had confirmed that Vanessa-Mae could be called an Olympian.
In 2016, Vanessa-Mae settled her defamation lawsuit against the FIS, in which the FIS made an "appropriate payment", the amount of which was not disclosed. The FIS issued a full apology for its claims of race-fixing, and stated "Ms. Vanakorn and her entourage did not in any way fix, contrive or improperly influence the result, progress, conduct or any other aspect of the FIS-approved races."[a]
Vanessa-Mae returned to skiing in 2017, to attempt to qualify for the 2018 Winter Olympics. Vanessa-Mae withdrew from competition due to suffering a shoulder injury, in January 2018. With her withdrawal, the placement for Thailand went to 21-year-old Alexia Arisarah Schenkel.
Awards and nominationsEdit
|World Music Awards||1997||Herself||World's Best Selling Classical Artist||Won|||
|Žebřík Music Awards||1999||Best International Instrumentalist||Nominated|||
- Violin (1990)
- Kids' Classics (1991)
- Tchaikovsky & Beethoven Violin Concertos (1991)
- The Violin Player (1995)
- The Classical Album 1 (1996)
- China Girl: The Classical Album 2 (1997)
- Storm (1997)
- The Original Four Seasons and the Devil's Trill Sonata: The Classical Album 3 (1999)
- Subject to Change (2001)
- Choreography (2004)
- Vanakorn here refers to Vanessa-Mae, using her Thai surname
- "Vanessa-Mae: Skiing violinist banned for four years". BBC Sport. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- Vanessa Vanakorn at the International Ski Federation
- Sarah Knapton (20 January 2014). "Winter Olympics 2014: violinist Vanessa-Mae to ski for Thailand at the Sochi Games". The Telegraph (UK).
- "Vanessa-Mae tops young rich list". BBC News. 21 April 2006. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "Vanessa-Mae has four-year competitive skiing ban overturned". The Guardian (online ed.). Manchester. Press Association. 19 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "Alpine Skiing – Vanessa Vanakorn (Mae) appeal: Four-year ban cancelled, but ineligibility to compete in the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games confirmed" (Press release). Lausanne, Switzerland: Court of Arbitration for Sport. 19 June 2015.
- Tom Sweetman (24 February 2016). "Vanessa Mae awarded defamation damages over race-fixing claims". CNN.
- Migration (29 October 2014). "Vanessa-Mae's Singapore-born pianist mother to perform at Marina Bay Sands | The Straits Times". www.straitstimes.com. Retrieved 15 November 2022.
- "Guinness World Records 2003". Guinness World Records. Guinness World Records Ltd. 2003. pp. 191. ISBN 978-1-892051-17-2.
- Easlea, Daryl (2010). "Review of Janet Jackson – The Velvet Rope". BBC Review.
- Deacon, Michael (7 August 2008). "Vanessa-Mae's journey from prodigy to performer". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- Easlea, Daryl; Chancler, Ndugu (7 October 2016). Michael Jackson: Rewind: The Life and Legacy of Pop Music's King. Race Point Publishing. ISBN 9781631063671.
- MJ & Friends Munich, archived from the original on 12 December 2021, retrieved 13 November 2019
- "Ceremonies". Salt Lake 2002 Legacy. Redondo Beach, California: The Givens Company. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- "Violinist Vanessa-Mae in four-year skiing ban over fiddled races". The Guardian. Associated Press. 11 November 2014.
- "Hollywood stars help Chechnya leader to celebrate his birthday". The Independent. 6 October 2011.
- Walsh, John (24 January 1998). "Living doll". The Independent. London. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
- "Classic FM Ultimate Chart". Halloffame.classicfm.com. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
- "Vanessa-Mae: I want to be an Olympic skier". The Telegraph. London. 8 August 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- Sarah Knapton (20 January 2014). "Winter Olympics 2014: violinist Vanessa-Mae to ski for Thailand at the Sochi Games". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- Anthon, Kaye (29 July 2010). "Ski statt Geige: Vanessa Mae startet 2014 bei Olympia". Blick (in German). Retrieved 14 October 2011.
Ich fahre so gerne Ski, dass ich meinen Wohnsitz von London nach Zermatt verlegt habe
- "Vanakorn Vanessa (905000)". FIS (International Ski Federation). Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- Williams, Ollie (20 January 2014). "Violinist Vanessae-Mae set to compete at Winter Olympics". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "Thai Skier Vanessa Vanakorn Qualifies for Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics". Chiangrai Times. 20 January 2014. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- "Decision of FIS Hearing Panel: Thai competitions in Slovenia" (Press release). Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland: International Ski Federation. 11 November 2014. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- "Athlete: Vanakorn Vanessa: Results". Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland: International Ski Federation. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- "FIS Race – Ladies' Giant Slalom 19.01.2014". Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland: International Ski Federation. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- "Sochi Scene: Thailand's other guy". yahoo.com. Yahoo! News. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "S.S.A.T. General Assembly 201 7" (PDF). Ski and Snowboard Association of Thailand. 2017. p. 5. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
- Sportsnet, Women's Giant Slalom – run 1, airdate: 18 February 2014 @ circa 2:00AM EST (video)
- "Vanessa Vanakorn". CBC Olympics. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- Sportsnet, Women's Giant Slalom – run 2, airdate: 18 February 2014 (video)
- "Alpine Skiing – Women's Giant Slalom". CBC Olympics. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Vanessa Mae qualifies for Sochi at Krvavec ski resort". RTV Slovenia. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "Epilog škandala že znan: prepoved delovanja zaradi primera Mae". 24ur.com. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "Vanessa-Mae banned over fixed Olympic qualifiers". Associated Press. 11 November 2014. Archived from the original on 12 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Hope, Nick (16 November 2014). "Violinist Vanessa-Mae to contest 'nonsensical' skiing ban". BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Zaccardi, Nick (14 November 2014). "Vanessa-Mae to challenge ski ban, calls it 'nonsense'". NBC OlympicTalk. NBC Sports. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "Decisions of the Autumn 2014 FIS Council Meetings in Oberhofen (SUI)" (PDF) (Press release). Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland: International Ski Federation. 18 November 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "Violinist Vanessa-Mae appeals against skiing ban". BBC Sport. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "Vanessa Mae's skiing result at Winter Olympics stands following IOC ruling". The Guardian. 4 January 2016.
- "World skiing body settles defamation case brought by violinist Vanessa-Mae". The Guardian. Associated Press. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- "Controversial violinist looks poised for PyeongChang 2018 comeback". SkiRacing.com. 3 August 2017.
- Nick Hope (20 January 2018). "Vanessa-Mae: Violinist ends Winter Olympics bid to protect music career". BBC Sport. BBC.
- Adelaida Salikha (8 February 2018). "Southeast Asians at the 2018 Winter Olympics". Good News From Southeast Asia.
- "Snow Queen: Violinist Mae to compete in Sochi". CNN. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
- "Mae Rejects Marriage". Contactmusic.com. 21 February 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- "Billboard". 17 May 1997.
- "2003-1997 – Anketa Žebřík".
- Vanessa-Mae (2001). Vanessa-Mae: changing worlds. London: Virgin.
- Brennan, Luann; DeRemer, Leigh Ann (1999). Contemporary musicians: profiles of the people in music (26 ed.). Detroit, Mich.: Gale Group.