The VT-4 main battle tank (Chinese: VT-4主战坦克 ), also known as the MBT3000, is a Chinese third generation main battle tank built by Norinco for overseas export. It is the latest tank model from the Al-Khalid-1/Type-90-II (MBT-2000) tank family, and uses technology from the Type 99A currently fielded by the People's Liberation Army.
|Type||Main Battle Tank|
|Place of origin||China|
|Used by|| Royal Thai Army|
|Unit cost||$3 million|
Heavy Infantry Fighting Vehicle
|Crew||3 (commander, driver, gunner)|
|Armor||explosive reactive armour (ERA)|
|125 mm (4.9 in) smoothbore|
|1 x RWS12.7 mm (0.50 in) AA MG|
1 × 7.62 mm (0.300 in) coaxial MG
|Engine||Turbocharged diesel engine|
1,300 hp (969 kW)
|500 km (310 mi)|
|Maximum speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
The MBT-3000 (industrial designation) project began development in 2009 as a cooperation of First Inner Mongolia Machinery Factory and other companies. It was based on the Type 90-II and outfitted with a locally produced powerplant. The MBT-3000 concept debuted at the 2012 Eurosatory. The tank was subsequently shown at the 2014 Norinco Armor Day and the tenth China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition as the VT-4. It has yet to enter mass production.
The VT-4 has a 125mm smoothbore cannon capable of firing APFSDS, HESH, HEAT and HE rounds and guided missiles. There is also a remote weapon station on the turret armed with a 12.7 mm heavy machine gun. The fire control system has hunter-killer capabilities, laser rangefinder, panoramic sight, and a third generation thermal imaging system.
The tank appears to have composite and explosive reactive armor. The turret front has wedge shaped armor and the hull sides have armored sideskirts. The tank is equipped with an active protection system designated GL5, defensive grenade launchers, and a laser warning device. The vehicle also has an IFF system, NBC protection, explosion suppression system, fire extinguishing system, and air conditioning.
According to Norinco, the VT-4 uses a locally produced 1,300 hp diesel engine with torsion bar suspension and an integrated hydraulic transmission system. Steering and acceleration is handled by a steering wheel and automatic gear transmission.
Command and controlEdit
The tank is also integrated with digital communications systems for tank-tank communication and communication between commanders.
- The Royal Thai Army has 28 VT-4 in service, delivered in October 2017. The deal, thought to be valued at about USD150 million, included an option to buy a further 153 vehicles. In April 2017, the Royal Thai Army ordered an additional 10 VT-4 main battle tanks from China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) worth $58 million and received them as of early 2019. The first 28 tanks were delivered in 2017.
- Has been offered 100 VT-4 by China.
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Thai Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, a former army general, ordered 49 VT-4 tanks from China to replace its US-made M41s that have been in service since the second world war. The first 28 of the new vehicles were delivered in 2017 and the rest are expected to be handed over later this year.
- "Nigeria Receives Chinese Artillery, VT4 MBT & STI Tank Destroyer". www.defenseworld.net. 9 April 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
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