Pfäfers is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of Sarganserland in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland. The villages Pfäfers, St. Margrethenberg, Vadura, Valens, Vasön and Vättis belong to the municipality.
|• Mayor||Ferdinand Riederer|
|• Total||128.53 km2 (49.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||840 m (2,760 ft)|
|• Density||12/km2 (32/sq mi)|
|Localities||Pfäfers, St. Margrethenberg, Vadura, Valens, Vasön, Vättis|
|Surrounded by||Bad Ragaz, Felsberg (GR), Flims (GR), Glarus Süd (GL), Haldenstein (GR), Mastrils (GR), Mels, Tamins (GR), Trin (GR), Untervaz (GR)|
The Taminatal can look back on a long history of settlement. In the Drachenloch above Vättis stonetools of cavemen and bones of bears, perhaps 50,000 years old, were found. Examples from the find are on display in the local museum in Vättis.
Pfäfers reached importance through the foundation of the Benedictine monastery, Pfäfers Abbey, in the first half of the 8th century. It existed for over a thousand years and was closed in 1838. Since 1847 the abbey premises have been used as a mental institution.
In the 14th century Walser settled in the Calfeisental. Until today the colony of St. Martin and the Walserhouse on the alp Ebni can be visited.
Around the year 1240 the thermal spring in the Taminaschlucht ("gorge of the Tamina") was discovered. The sick people who bathed in the curative water were let down the narrow gorge on ropes. In the year 1630 a bath-house was constructed at the mouth of the gorge. The road to Ragaz was built in 1840 and in the following years the cure business was increasingly relocated to there. Today, Bad Pfäfers ("Pfäfers Spa"), the oldest Baroque bath-house in Switzerland, houses a restaurant and a museum.
Two important milestones of the 20th century in economical aspects were the opening of the clinic Valens in 1970 and of the power plants Sarganserland in 1975. The clinic Valens is specialised in rheumatology, neurology and orthopaedy. The power plants Sarganserland run a pumped storage hydro power plant. The storage lake Gigerwald and the compensation reservoir Mapragg with the control centre in Mapragg belong to the power plant. Both companies are important employers for the population of the community.
Pfäfers has a population (as of 31 December 2018) of 1,565. As of 2007[update], about 10.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Of the foreign population, (as of 2000[update]), 37 are from Germany, 4 are from Italy, 106 are from ex-Yugoslavia, 17 are from Austria, and 63 are from another country. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -6.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (93.3%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 1.7%) and Portuguese being third ( 1.3%). Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000[update]), 1,636 speak German, 3 people speak French, 5 people speak Italian, and 8 people speak Romansh.
The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Pfäfers is; 259 children or 14.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 269 teenagers or 15.3% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 181 people or 10.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 277 people or 15.8% are between 30 and 39, 255 people or 14.5% are between 40 and 49, and 185 people or 10.5% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 154 people or 8.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 116 people or 6.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 51 people or 2.9% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 7 people or 0.4% who are between 90 and 99.
In 2000[update] there were 197 persons (or 11.2% of the population) who were living alone in a private dwelling. There were 303 (or 17.3%) persons who were part of a couple (married or otherwise committed) without children, and 1,026 (or 58.5%) who were part of a couple with children. There were 82 (or 4.7%) people who lived in single parent home, while there are 5 persons who were adult children living with one or both parents, 14 persons who lived in a household made up of relatives, 2 who lived household made up of unrelated persons, and 125 who are either institutionalized or live in another type of collective housing.
The historical population is given in the following table:
In the municipality of Pfäfers there are three kindergartens, three primary schools and a high school. One kindergarten and one primary school each are located in Pfäfers, Vättis and Valens. The highschool in Pfäfers is visited from children of the whole municipality.
In Pfäfers about 68% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Out of the total population in Pfäfers, as of 2000[update], the highest education level completed by 352 people (20.1% of the population) was Primary, while 620 (35.3%) have completed their secondary education, 133 (7.6%) have attended a Tertiary school, and 82 (4.7%) are not in school. The remainder did not answer this question.
As of 2007[update], Pfäfers had an unemployment rate of 0.61%. As of 2005[update], there were 142 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 57 businesses involved in this sector. 86 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 24 businesses in this sector. 843 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 45 businesses in this sector.
As of October 2009[update] the average unemployment rate was 1.1%. There were 129 businesses in the municipality of which 26 were involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 47 were involved in the third.
From the 2000 census[update], 1,300 or 74.1% are Roman Catholic, while 217 or 12.4% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 6 individuals (or about 0.34% of the population) who belong to the Christian Catholic faith, there are 30 individuals (or about 1.71% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 3 individuals (or about 0.17% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 60 (or about 3.42% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 10 individuals (or about 0.57% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 67 (or about 3.82% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 61 individuals (or about 3.48% of the population) did not answer the question.
Coat of armsEdit
According to a legend, Pirmin wanted to build a friary in the region of Landquart. While the workers cut down trees, one of them accidentally injured his leg. When the monks cared for the injured man, a snowwhite dove appeared. It took a blood sprinkled splint and flew away. The monks followed the dove and found it in the Taminatal where it had alighted on a tree. Saint Pirmin took this as a sign from God and decided to build the friary on this place where it is now located
This anecdote is illustrated on the ceiling paintings of the church in Pfäfers.
In Pfäfers you can hike to your heart's content in an intact landscape on well developed tracks.
The landmark of Pfäfers is the baroque minster at the entrance of the village. From Pfäfers the way goes up to the charming high valley of St. Margrethenberg. You can get an amazing sight from the viewpoint Piz Alun. St. Margrethenberg could also be the starting point for a hiking tour on the Calanda.
From Pfäfers you can also walk the otherway round down to the Taminaschlucht with its hot spring. The old bath house with the well-known museum and the Paracelsus memorial is worth a visit. Over the natural bridge you can reach the other side of the valley with the villages Valens and Vasön. The clinic in Valens has a public bath with water from the hot spring.
The southernmost village in the canton of St. Gallen is Vättis. From there you can explore the wild craggy Calfeisental or wander through mountain pastures of the Kunkelspass. With the cable way you reach the Vättnerberg with its wonderful panorama. Another possibility is to climb up to the Drachenloch which was inhabited in the Stone Age. The local museum Vättis gives a lot of information of the findings made by the researchers.
If you visit the Taminatal in winter, you find in St. Margrethenberg an efficient ski lift with well groomed slopes. It is ideal for families and those who look for a skiing area away from mass tourism. From the terrace of the restaurant at the upper station you can enjoy a wonderful view to the Rhine Valley and the mountains of Graubünden.
Cross-country skiing is possible in St. Margrethenberg as well as in Vättis. Both places maintain lovely runs. Well cleared paths invite for a walk in the winter wonderland. For everybody who wants to warm up himself the cosy restaurants in each village feature a lovely service.
Pfäfers and Valens are independently from each other connected with Bad Ragaz. The excellent road network is crucial for this spacious valley. The bus system connects every village with Bad Ragaz with its access to the railway system. The Taminabridge over the Taminaschlucht connects Pfäfers and Valens since 2017.
Pfäfers has an area, as of 2006[update], of 128.4 km2 (49.6 sq mi). Of this area, 29.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (38.9%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).
The municipality is located in the Sarganserland Wahlkreis. It stretches from the Taminatal south to the Kunkelspass and to the west into the high Calfeisen valley. The municipality has some of the largest elevation differences of any municipality (Tamina canyon 693 m (2,274 ft), Ringelspitz 3,247 m (10,653 ft)). It consists of the village of Pfäfers at the mouth of the Tamina Valley on a plateau above the Rhine river, the villages of Valens, Vasön and Vättis as well as the hamlets of St. Margrethenberg and Vadura.
The fraction Pfäfers contains the village Pfäfers itself and the hamlets St. Margrethenberg and Vadura. Pfäfers lies on about 800 meters (2,600 ft) above sea level at the entrance of the Taminatal. It counts about 600 inhabitants.
The most important employer with a total of 245 employees is the clinic St. Pirminsberg with its fields psychiatry, psychotherapy and addiction treatment. Mentally ill people from the south part of the Canton of St. Gallen and from Liechtenstein were treated there. Further employments are provided from agriculture and forestry as well as the small trade.
The control centre and the equalising reservoir Mapragg of the power plants Bad Sarganserland are located in Vadura. The pumped storage hydro power plant produces 444 million kWh of electricity on average per year.
Places of interest
- Ruin Wartenstein
- Old Bath Pfäfers with Paracelsus museum and bath museum
- Hot spring Bath Pfäfers
- Taminaschlucht (canyon)
- Natural Bridge
- former fort Furggels
Vättis on about 940 meters (3,080 ft) above sea level and has approximately 460 inhabitants. The most important branches of trade are agriculture and forestry as well as the industry of the second sector.
A place of interest is the Drachenloch museum. Finds from the prehistorical place of discovery are exposed there. In Gaspus is the lower station of the cable way to Vättnerberg situated. Numerous hiking tours to the superb world of the alps start in Vättnerberg.
Behind Vättis lies the Calfeisental which is as well a popular hiking area. Worth seeing it is the storage lake Gigerwald with 147 meter high dam and the former colony of walser St. Martin.
Places of interest
- Drachenloch - highest prehistorical place of discovery
- Drachenloch museum
- Walser colony St. Martin
- Walser house on the Alp Ebni
- Nature protection area Calfeisental and hunting ban area Graue Hörner
- Glarner Hauptüberschiebung (geological); Candidate of UNESCO-World natural heritage
- Silver mine Gnapperkopf
Valens (920 meters (3,020 ft) above sea level) inklusive the hamlets Balen and Gassaura has circa 400 inhabitants. This village could be described as a sun terrace and has preserved its natural character.
The clinic Valens, which is specialised in rheumatology, neurology and orthopaedics, is the most important employer. The treatments are supported by therapies with the curative water of the hot spring. The bath is also accessible for the public.
Vasön counts about 100 inhabitants and lies on 920 metres above sea level. Agriculture and forestry are really important in this small village with a strong cultural sense. Several hiking tours start in Vasön.
Heritage sites of national significanceEdit
The Old Bath Pfäfers, the castle ruins of Wartenstein, the former Benedictine Abbey, and the paleolithic caves at Drachenloch in Vättis are all listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pfäfers.|
- Website of the Local Authority of Pfäfers
- Website of the Fraction of Pfäfers
- Website of the Fraction of Vättis
- Website of the Clinic Valens
- Website of the Clinic Pfäfers
- . Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: . The Nuttall Encyclopædia. 1907.
- . The American Cyclopædia. 1879.