Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland

The Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland is an Old Catholic denomination in Switzerland. This denomination is part of the Union of Utrecht (Old Catholic).

Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland
ClassificationOld Catholic
TheologyUltrajectine
GovernanceEpiscopal
LeaderBishop Harald Rein
AssociationsInternational Old Catholic Bishops' Conference
RegionSwitzerland
HeadquartersBern
Branched fromRoman Catholic Church
Congregations33
Members9,184 As of 2018[1]
Ministers44
Official websitewww.christkatholisch.ch
Christian Catholic bishop's church, Ss Peter and Paul in Bern

Recent developmentsEdit

In 1841 the Zürich Catholic community planned to build a church to commemorate the 1270s Augustinian abbey church. As the whole community was expelled from the Catholic church, the Augustinerkirche at the Münzplatz became its present parish church. Ferdinand Stadler (1813–1870), an architect born in Zürich, was charged with the construction of a new church building.[2]

In February 2000, Denise Wyss was ordained , within the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, as the first female Old Catholic priest of Switzerland.[3][4]

Between 1970 and 1990, the membership of the Christian Catholic Church decreased from 20,268 to only 11,748 members. Data from the last censuses show that the aging of the population is a much greater problem for the Christian Catholic Church than for the other national churches.[5] However, contrary to the trend of church departures from the two large national churches, the Christian Catholic Church has again recorded a constant increase in membership since 1990. Between 1990 and 2000, the number of members grew by over 13% from 11,748 to 13,312.[6]

In 2009, Bishop Harald Rein was elected as the head of the church. Prior to this, he served as a parish priest and as vicar general of the church. On September 12, 2009, he was consecrated in Zurich by Archbishop Joris Vercammen of Utrecht.[7] In August 2020, same-sex marriages were allowed in Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland.[8]

EcumenismEdit

In ecumenism, the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland is a member at the national level of the Association of Christian Churches in Switzerland, and at the international level of the Conference of European Churches and the World Council of Churches. At the national level, the Dialogue Commission of the Christian Catholic and Roman Catholic Churches in Switzerland (CRGK) has existed since 1966.[9]

At the international level, within the framework of the ecumenical dialogues of the Union of Utrecht, the Christian Catholic Church was represented in the E. Orthodox-Old Catholic Dialogue at all meetings from 1975 to 1987; in the International Roman Catholic-Old Catholic Dialogue Commission (IRAD),[10] the Christian Catholic bishop exercised the function of co-president from 2004 to 2009.[11]

Christian Catholic theologians are also significantly involved in the current (international) dialogue commissions of the Union of Utrecht for Dialogue with Rome, with the Ecumenical Patriarchate,[12] the Church of Sweden, and the Mar Thoma Church of India.[13]

Church buildingsEdit

The episcopal Church of the denomination has been St. Peter and Paul in Bern since 1875. Another church buildings is the Augustinerkirche Zürich.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bundesamt für Statistik: Religionslandschaft in der Schweiz. Archived 2020-06-08 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Augustinerkirche Zürich" (in German). Augustinerkirche Zürich. Archived from the original on 2015-01-21. Retrieved 2015-01-20.
  3. ^ "Erste Frau in der Schweiz zur christkatholischen Priesterin geweiht". swissinfo.ch. 2000-02-19. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Denise Wyss, première femme prêtre catholique-chrétienne – Portail catholique suisse". cath.ch (in French). Retrieved 2022-01-09.
  5. ^ "Religionslandschaft in der Schweiz" (PDF). Eidgenössische Volkszählung 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-16. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Eidgenössische Volkszählung (1850-2000)". Bundesamt für Statistik. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  7. ^ Bischof Harald Rein
  8. ^ Luzerner Zeitung.de: Christkatholische Kirche will gleichgeschlechtliche Paare vor dem Altar trauen, August 2020
  9. ^ Stalder, Kurt (2000). Sprache und Erkenntnis der Wirklichkeit Gottes : Texte zu einigen wissenschaftstheoretischen und systematischen Voraussetzungen für die exegetische und homiletische Arbeit. Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag. p. 483. ISBN 3-7278-1241-9.
  10. ^ Rein, Harald (2013). Kirche und Kirchengemeinschaft : die Katholizität der Altkatholiken (Christkatholiken). Zürich: Edition NZN bei TVZ, Theologischer Verlag Zürich. p. 49. ISBN 978-3-290-20089-3.
  11. ^ Kirche und Kirchengemeinschaft Bericht der Internationalen Römisch-Katholisch-Altkatholischen Dialogkommission. Paderborn. p. 50. ISBN 978-3-89710-456-3.
  12. ^ "Utrechter Union - Orthodox-Altkatholische Arbeitsgruppe wird vom Ökumenischen Patriarchen empfangen". www.utrechter-union.org. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Utrechter Union - Dritte Konsultation der Mar Thoma Syrian Church und der Altkatholischen Kirchen der Utrechter Union". www.utrechter-union.org. 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2020.