Urania (/jʊəˈrniə/ yoor-AY-nee-ə; Ancient Greek: Οὐρανία, romanizedOuranía; modern short name Ράνια Ránia; meaning "heavenly" or "of heaven") was, in Greek mythology, the muse of astronomy, and in later times, of Christian poetry.

Urania
Goddess of Astronomy
Member of the Muses
Palestra grande di pompei, affreschi di Moregine, primo triclinio , IV stile, epoca neroniana, le muse 06 urania.jpg
Urania on an antique fresco from Pompeii
AbodeMount Olympus
SymbolsGlobe
Personal information
ParentsZeus and Mnemosyne
SiblingsEuterpe, Polyhymnia, Calliope, Clio, Erato, Thalia, Terpsichore, Melpomene
ConsortApollo, Hermes, Amphimarus
ChildrenLinus, Hymen

FamilyEdit

Urania was the daughter of Zeus by Mnemosyne and also a great granddaughter of Uranus.[1] Some accounts list her as the mother of the musician Linus[2] by Apollo[3] or Hermes[4] or Amphimarus,[5] son of Poseidon. Hymenaeus is also said to have been a son of Urania.[6]

Function and representationEdit

Urania is often associated with Universal Love. Sometimes identified as the eldest of the divine sisters, Urania inherited Zeus' majesty and power and the beauty and grace of her mother Mnemosyne.

Urania dresses in a cloak embroidered with stars and keeps her eyes and attention focused on the Heavens. She is usually represented with a celestial globe to which she points with a little staff.[7] She is able to foretell the future by the arrangement of the stars.[8]

Urania as MuseEdit

 
Urania, a restored Roman copy after a Greek original of the 4th century BC, Hadrian's Villa.

Those who are most concerned with philosophy and the heavens are dearest to her. Those who have been instructed by her she raises aloft to heaven, for it is a fact that imagination and the power of thought lift men's souls to heavenly heights.[9]

Urania, o'er her star-bespangled lyre,
With touch of majesty diffused her soul;
A thousand tones, that in the breast inspire,
Exalted feelings, o er the wires'gan roll—
How at the call of Jove the mist unfurled,
And o'er the swelling vault—the glowing sky,
The new-born stars hung out their lamps on high,
And rolled their mighty orbs to music's sweetest sound.

—From An Ode To Music by James G. Percival

During the Renaissance, Urania began to be considered the Muse for Christian poets. In the invocation to Book 7 of John Milton's epic poem Paradise Lost, the poet invokes Urania to aid his narration of the creation of the cosmos, though he cautions that it is "[t]he meaning, not the name I call" (7.5)

In popular cultureEdit

 
A monumental conical pendulum clock by Eugène Farcot depicting the Greek goddess, 1862.

Urania in Astronomy and NavigationEdit

Other uses of "Urania"Edit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 78; Ovid, Fasti 5.55
  2. ^ Suidas s.v. Linos
  3. ^ Smith, s.v. Urania (1); Hyginus, Fabulae 161.
  4. ^ Suda, lambda, 568
  5. ^ Pausanias, 9.29.6.
  6. ^ Catullus lxi. 2.
  7. ^ Hirt, Mythol. Bilderb. p. 210.
  8. ^ Statius, Thebaid 8. 548 ff
  9. ^ Diodorus, Bibliotheca historica 4. 7. 1
  10. ^ Wood, Janet (31 January 2007). Nuclear Power. ISBN 9780863416682.
  11. ^ "Uranus, Neptune and Pluto".

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Urania 1.". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

External linksEdit