Open main menu

United Party for National Development

The United Party for National Development (UPND) is a liberal political party in Zambia, led by Hakainde Hichilema. The party is an observer member of the Africa Liberal Network.[1]

United Party for National Development
PresidentHakainde Hichilema
Secretary-GeneralSteven Katuka
Social liberalism
Political positionCentre
International affiliationNone
Continental affiliationAfrica Liberal Network
National Assembly
58 / 166


The UPND was established in December 1998 and was initially led by Anderson Mazoka, who had left the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD) shortly beforehand.[2] Mazoka was the party's presidential candidate for the 2001 general elections, finishing second with 27% of the vote, less than 2% behind the winner Levy Mwanawasa of the MMD. In the National Assembly elections the UPND won 49 seats, becoming the second largest party after the MMD.

In March 2006 the party joined the United Democratic Alliance, formed by the three largest opposition parties to contest that year's general elections. After the death of Mazoka in May 2006, Hakainde Hichilema became party leader, and was the alliance's presidential candidate. However, he finished third behind Mwanawasa and Michael Sata with 25% of the vote. The UDA won only 26 seats in the National Assembly, down from the 74 the three parties had won in 2001.

Hichilema was the UPND candidate for the 2008 presidential by-election, finishing third with 20% of the vote. He finished third again in the 2011 general elections with 18% of the vote, whilst the UPND won 28 seats in the National Assembly, becoming the third-largest party.

Hichilema was selected as the party's candidate for the 2015 presidential by-election. Hichilema become the main opponent to the Patriotic Front candidate Edgar Lungu after receiving the backing of several MMD MPs. Although Hichilema received 47% of the vote, Lungu was elected with 48%.

Youth RepresentationEdit

The UPND has a youth league, the UPND Youth League formed to mobilize youth concerns. It represents young people from across Zambia.[3]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
2001 Anderson Mazoka 472,697 27.20% Lost  N
2006 Hakainde Hichilema 693,772 25.32% Lost  N
2008 Hakainde Hichilema 353,018 19.70% Lost  N
2011 Hakainde Hichilema 506,763 18.17% Lost  N
2015 Hakainde Hichilema 780,168 46.67% Lost  N
2016 Hakainde Hichilema 1,760,347 47.63% Lost  N

National Assembly electionsEdit

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/–
2001 Anderson Mazoka 416,236 23.77%
49 / 159
2006 Hakainde Hichilema 610,608

(as part of UDA)

26 / 159
2011 Hakainde Hichilema 464,527 17.21%
28 / 159
2016 Hakainde Hichilema 1,525,049 41.66%
58 / 156


  1. ^ "ALN Member Parties". Africa Liberal Network.
  2. ^ Tom Lansford (2014) Political Handbook of the World 2014, CQ Press, p1615
  3. ^ UPND youths in Kitwe challenge government on disbursement of Youth Empowerment Funds – Flava FM 87.7 Copperbelt | 96.9 Lusaka | 92.1 Solwezi

Further readingEdit