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The Uar or Warr were possibly Ugric people, that lived in the Aral Sea region during the 1st millennium CE.

Geographical originEdit

The ancestors of the Uar are believed by some researchers to have been the population of the Post-Kelteminar stage of the Suyurganovo culture, near the Aral Sea from the 2nd century BCE. This population was probably made up of Ugrian tribes.[1][2] By the end of the 1st Millennium BCE, elements of the Uar are believed to have joined an Iranian-speaking nomadic tribe, the Aorsi.[3][4]

A significant ethnic group in Khwarezm during the early 1st millennium CE, the Uar became the largest of three ethnic components making up a confederation known in Europe as the Hephthalites, and in Chinese chronics as Yanda (嚈 噠). Modern scholars believe that the Hephthalites were a major subgroup of the Xionite peoples first recorded in Central Asia in the 4th century. According to some scholars the Uar later underwent a tribal merger with elements of the Xionites,[5][6] to form the Avars (or Varchonites) who later settled in Pannonia.[7] (The Pannonian Avars are often confused with an unrelated people, the Caucasian Avars).


The ethnonym Uar is usually considered to be derived from one or two sources:


  1. ^ Yablonsky L.T. Kelteminar craniology. Intra-group analysis//Soviet Ethnography, Moscow, USSR Academy of Sciences, 1985, No 2. pp. 127-140
  2. ^ Masson B.M. Древние цивилизации Востока и степные племена в свете данных археологии (in russian)
  3. ^ Tarn W. W. The Greek in Bactria and India. Cambridge, 1951.
  4. ^ Vernadsky G. A History of Russia (Yale Press) ISBN 0-300-00247-5, Volume 1. Ancient Russia, 1943.
  5. ^ Гулямов Я. Г., История орошения Хорезма с древнейших времен до наших дней, Ташкент, 1957.
  6. ^ Муратов Б.А. Аланы, кавары и хиониты в этногенезе башкир//Урал-Алтай: через века в будущее: Материалы Всероссийской научной конференции. Уфа, 27 июня 2008.
  7. ^ Гумилев Л.Н. Тысячелетие вокруг Каспия. Баку, Азернешр, 1991. C. 97-98.
  8. ^ Гумилев Л.Н. Тысячелетие вокруг Каспия. Баку, Азернешр, 1991. C. 97-98.