U.S. Route 395 in Washington
U.S. Route 395 (US 395) is a United States Numbered Highway that runs from California to the inland regions of Oregon and Washington. It travels north–south through Washington, including long concurrencies with Interstate 82 (I-82) and I-90, and connects the Tri-Cities region to Spokane and the Canadian border at Laurier.
|Thomas S. Foley Memorial Highway|
|Auxiliary route of US 95|
|Defined by RCW|
|Maintained by WSDOT|
|Length||277.11 mi (445.97 km)|
|Lewis and Clark Trail Scenic Byway|
|South end||I-82 / US 395 at Oregon state line near Plymouth|
|North end||Hwy 395 at Canada–United States border in Laurier|
|Counties||Benton, Franklin, Adams, Lincoln, Spokane, Stevens, Ferry|
The non-concurrent sections of US 395 range from two-lane roads in northeastern Washington to a four-lane divided highway between Pasco and Ritzville. The highway generally travels along railroads built in the 19th century that were succeeded by early roads and auto trails.
The Spokane section of US 395, which is concurrent to US 2, is planned to be bypassed by a new freeway called the North Spokane Corridor. The entire highway was officially designated as the Thomas S. Foley Memorial Highway in 2018.
US 395 is one of Washington's major north–south highways and is listed as part of the National Highway System, a network of roads identified as important to the national economy, defense, and mobility. The state legislature also designated it as a Highway of Statewide Significance. The highway is maintained by the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT), which conducts an annual survey on state routes to measure traffic volume in terms of average annual daily traffic. Average 2016 traffic volumes on non-concurrent sections of the highway ranged from a minimum of 380 at the Laurier border crossing to 64,000 on the Blue Bridge between Kennewick and Pasco. US 395 is also a major international freight corridor, connecting the Inland Northwest to British Columbia and California. The Plymouth–Pasco section of the highway is signed as part of the Lewis and Clark Trail, a state scenic byway.
Tri-Cities to RitzvilleEdit
US 395 is concurrent with I-82 as it enters Washington on the Umatilla Bridge, a set of bridges that cross the Columbia River north of Umatilla, Oregon. The freeway carrying both highways travels north over the Fallbridge Subdivision of the BNSF Railway system and through an interchange with SR 14 east of Plymouth before traversing Fourmile Canyon. I-82 and US 395 turn north at Bofer Canyon and travel across irrigated farmland before crossing over the Horse Heaven Hills and intersecting SR 397. At its next exit in southwestern Kennewick, I-82 splits from US 395 in a trumpet interchange and heads northwest towards the Yakima River Valley. US 395 continues northeasterly into Kennewick, running as a four-lane divided highway with several signalized intersections.
The highway descends into suburban Kennewick, passing through retail areas and residential neighborhoods in the Southridge area. US 395 also passes the Southridge Sports Complex, which includes the city's 35-foot-tall (11 m) September 11 memorial, and the Southridge Hospital complex. The highway continues north onto Ely Street and turns east near the Zintel Creek before crossing over the BNSF Yakima Valley Subdivision and intersecting SR 240 in a dogbone interchange northwest of downtown Kennewick. SR 240 continues west as a freeway along the Columbia River towards Richland, while US 395 merges with the freeway's eastbound lanes and travels over the Columbia River on the Pioneer Memorial Bridge, a four-lane truss bridge that spans 2,521 feet (768 m) and is popularly known as the "Blue Bridge" because of the blue paint used on its trusses.
At the north end of the bridge, US 395 enters Pasco and becomes a short freeway, with interchanges at Lewis Street and Court Street. US 395 then turns east and joins the concurrent I-182 and US 12 for two miles (3.2 km). The freeway travels along the south side of Tri-Cities Airport and the Columbia Basin College campus and crosses over the BNSF Lakeside Subdivision near a major railyard. At a cloverleaf interchange with SR 397 in northeastern Pasco, US 395 splits from I-182 and travels north onto a divided highway that runs through an industrial area on the east side of the airport and railyard. The highway traverses an interchange at Kartchner Street before leaving Pasco, traveling northeast into the irrigated farmland of the Columbia Plateau along the BNSF Lakeside Subdivision, which also carries Amtrak's Empire Builder passenger trains. The divided highway travels through the area's farmland and rolling hills with un-signalized intersections at local roads and full interchanges at major state highways.
The railroad and highway follows the Esquatzel Coulee through Eltopia to an interchange southeast of Mesa that marks the south end of SR 17, a major highway serving central Washington. US 395 climbs the ridge overlooking the coulee and continues northeast to Connell, where it intersects SR 260. The highway travels north over the ridge and passes the Coyote Ridge Corrections Center, the state's largest prison by capacity, before entering Adams County. US 395 travels northeasterly into the Hatton Coulee and reaches an interchange with SR 26 east of Hatton. The highway's median widens while the northbound lanes take an uphill alignment through the north end of the coulee, rejoining the southbound lanes before an interchange with SR 21 east of Lind and its municipal airport. US 395 then travels northeast through an interchange in Paha before turning north and following the Paha Coulee to an interchange with I-90 in the southern outskirts of Ritzville. The eastbound lanes merge onto I-90, while other ramps connect US 395 to westbound I-90 and 1st Avenue, which continues into downtown Ritzville as I-90 Business.
Ritzville to SpokaneEdit
From Ritzville, US 395 runs concurrently with I-90 as the freeway travels northeast through a predominately rural area of Adams and Lincoln counties while following the BNSF Lakeside Subdivision. The freeway runs along the northwestern side of Sprague Lake and intersects SR 23 in Sprague before reaching Spokane County. I-90 and US 395 then intersect SR 902 and SR 904, which form loops that connect the highways to Medical Lake and Cheney, respectively. The freeway travels along the southeast side of Spokane International Airport before intersecting US 2, which joins the I-90 and US 395 concurrency as it enters the city of Spokane.
The freeway descends from Sunset Hill and intersects US 195 before entering Downtown Spokane on an elevated freeway. US 2 and US 395 split from I-90 at the east end of downtown, traveling on the one-way pair of Browne and Division streets. The two streets pass under a railroad viaduct adjacent to the Spokane Intermodal Center (the city's Amtrak station) and merge onto the bi-directional Division Street near the Spokane Convention Center and Washington State University Spokane campus. The highway then crosses over the Spokane River on the six-lane Division Street Bridge, splitting again on the north side of the river on Division and Ruby streets, carrying southbound and northbound traffic respectively.
Division and Ruby streets travel north and pass the campus of Gonzaga University before merging onto the bi-directional Division Street near Corbin Park. The seven-lane highway continues north along a commercial strip surrounded by Spokane's residential neighborhoods and passes the NorthTown Mall before reaching an intersection with SR 291 at Francis Avenue. US 2 splits from Division Street in the community of Country Homes, while US 395 continues north past the Whitworth University campus to Fairwood. Near the Wandermere Golf Course, US 395 joins the North Spokane Corridor freeway (signed as Future US 395) and travels across the Little Spokane River as a four-lane divided highway. The divided highway continues for several miles until reaching Hamann Corner on the Half Moon Prairie, which marks the northern extent of Spokane's contiguous suburbs.
Stevens and Ferry countiesEdit
The two-lane, undivided highway carrying US 395 continues northwest along the BNSF Kettle Falls Subdivision and passes Deer Park before entering Stevens County. After briefly turning due west in Clayton, US 395 climbs the foothills of the Selkirk Mountains and travels along the east side of Loon Lake before reaching a junction with SR 292 at the community of the same name. The highway leaves the railroad and continues northwest past Deer Lake and several quarries before reaching an intersection with SR 231 on the Colville River. US 395 continues north through the river valley, rejoining the railroad, and travels through the center of Chewelah before turning northwest. The highway and the Kettle Falls International Railway travel along the east side of the river valley and pass through the communities of Addy, Arden, and Orin near a section of the Colville National Forest.
US 395 reaches Colville and traverses the city as Main Street, passing through a roundabout at the south end and the city's downtown. It begins a concurrency with SR 20 in downtown Colville, which continues as the highway turns northwest and travels through another roundabout at the north end of the city. US 395 and SR 20 continue northwest along the Colville River to the city of Kettle Falls, where it intersects SR 25. The highway travels northwest and crosses the Columbia River on the Kettle Falls Bridge, a steel cantilever bridge that spans 1,267 feet (386 m) and is located downriver from the former site of the eponymous falls. At the west end of the bridge in Ferry County, US 395 and the railroad splits from SR 20, which continues west across the Okanogan Highlands.
US 395 continues along the western shore of Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake to Kamloops Island, where it leaves the Columbia River and follows the Kettle River. The highway and railroad travel along the west side of the Kettle River, which marks the east edge of the Kettle Range and Colville National Forest, and passes through the communities of Boyds and Orient. US 395 terminates at the Laurier crossing of the Canadian border. The border crossing is located adjacent to Avey Field State Airport, which has a single runway that continues 500 feet (150 m) north across the border. The highway continues into British Columbia as British Columbia Highway 395, which travels 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to a junction with British Columbia Highway 3 near Cascade; the nearest major Canadian city is Grand Forks, located 14 miles (23 km) to the west.
Oregon to PascoEdit
When US 395 was extended southwest from Spokane into Oregon in the 1930s, it followed existing U.S. Highways - US 730 and US 410 - between the state line and Pasco; it was not realigned to the more direct route via Kennewick until 1985. However, the road from Plymouth to Kennewick, cutting off a bend in the Columbia River, had existed (as a county road) since the early days of the state highway system, and was improved by the 1930s. The Washington State Legislature added the roadway to the state highway system in 1943 as part of a Maryhill-Kennewick branch of Primary State Highway 8. (The main route of PSH 8 turned northeast from Maryhill to Buena via US 97.)
The Kennewick portion was later upgraded to a limited-access road, with signalized intersections. The cloverleaf interchange with SR 240 was replaced by a roundabout with access ramps in 2009. The southernmost intersection, at Ridgeline Road, is planned to be upgraded into a full interchange in the 2020s.
Pasco to SpokaneEdit
As part of the state's first connected state highway system, the Washington State Legislature designated the Central Washington Highway between Pasco and Spokane in 1913. The State Highway Board selected a route closely paralleling the Northern Pacific Railway's Pasco Division over existing county roads. In 1923, by which time the entire road had been improved, the highway became State Road 11 (Primary State Highway 11 after 1937), but retained its name (which was changed to Columbia Basin Highway in 1929). By that time, several routing changes had been made, with the State Highway Board moving the highway east away from the rail line between Eltopia and Connell and between Connell and Lind, and changing the direct northeasterly route from Cheney to Spokane to a northerly route ending at the Sunset Highway (now US 2) near Airway Heights. In the 1930s, US 395 was extended southwest from Spokane along SR 11 to Pasco, where it continued southeast on US 410 (now US 12) and southwest on US 730 into Oregon, both branches of State Road 3. US 10 was moved south between Cle Elum and Spokane in 1940, overlapping US 395 northeast of Ritzville.
Near Spokane, the Geiger Boulevard cutoff was built in about 1945 as a wartime project, improving access to Geiger Field. This included an interchange with Sunset Highway at the Spokane end. This roadway, and the rest of US 395 between Ritzville and Pasco, was replaced by a freeway in the 1950s and 1960s, as part of the project to turn US 10 into Interstate 90. The first section to open was the bypass of Ritzville to Tokio in the late 1950s, and the final piece was between Tokio and Tyler in the late 1960s. When the bypass of Cheney opened on November 18, 1966, the old route became a short-lived Secondary State Highway 11H, always signed as State Route 904.
As the first phase of converting US 395 between Pasco and Ritzville into a limited-access highway, the Department of Highways constructed a new a two-lane alignment between Connell and east of Lind in the mid-1950s, bypassing Lind and Foulkes Roads northeast from Connell and Wahl Road south from Lind. Another relocation was built in about 1980, moving the highway alongside the rail line between Eltopia and Connell. The southernmost 7.5 miles (12 km) of SR 17, from Eltopia to Mesa, were absorbed into the realignment; SR 17's mileposts now begin at about 7.5. By 1991, when the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act designated US 395 between Reno, Nevada and Canada as a high priority corridor of the National Highway System, and earmarked $54.5 million for improvements in Washington, the portion between Pasco and Mesa had been four-laned. That year, the state began an $83 million project, including $10.4 million more from the federal government, to widen the remainder north to Ritzville from two to four lanes. Several interchanges were also added to the road, then one of the state's most dangerous highways. WSDOT formally opened the last piece, 15 miles (24 km) of new northbound lanes near Lind, on November 21, 1995, completing a four-lane cross section between the Tri-Cities and Spokane. The speed limit was subsequently raised from 55 to 70 miles per hour (90 to 115 km/h) in July 1996, based on road conditions and actual driving speed.
Before the reconfiguration of 2nd and 3rd Avenues in 1951, the original routing of US 395 in Spokane ran northbound on Monroe Street for several miles, crossing the Monroe Street Bridge at Spokane Falls. After turning right onto Garland Avenue, the highway proceeded on North Wall Street, Waikiki Road, Mill Road, Dartford Drive (to late 1940s), and finally North Lane (which was turned into a private driveway years after being decommissioned) before merging with modern-day US 395 a few miles north of Spokane. From the late 1940s to late 1990s, US 395 used the bridge over the Little Spokane River at Wandermere. A new bridge was constructed about 250 feet to the west in anticipation of the North Spokane Corridor, while the old one became part of Wandermere Road. This is the second replacement bridge for US 395 over the Little Spokane River, each one built substantially higher above the water than the previous. (The Little Spokane is at the bottom of a river valley over 300 feet deep.)
The southern end of the highway was moved up to the intersection of Sprague and Monroe in 1930 while the entire highway was shifted east onto Division Street (US 2) in 1937. Sometime in the 1950s, the southbound lanes were relocated to Browne Street, which is immediately due south of the Spokane River.
US 395 through Spokane will be completely transformed by the North Spokane Corridor, an under-construction freeway which intends to address and alleviate a major chokepoint along the state highway system in metropolitan Spokane. The maximum speed limit along the entire route will be 60 miles per hour.
North to CanadaEdit
A major portion of the highway from the US 2 junction to Colville has been realigned and straightened over the years, including sections near Loon Lake, Chewelah, and Arden. The largest bypass was that of Loon Lake, which was built in 1957. Another bypass circumvented Old US 395 around Springdale. That highway eventually became SR 231 while its spur was officially dubbed SR 292. Further north near the town of Arden, a new highway section was built that paralleled the Old Arden Highway, which is now used mostly by local traffic. The last leg of US 395, from Colville to the Canada–United States border, has maintained almost exactly the same alignment since it was originally built. A pair of bridges linking Stevens County to Ferry County, known as the Kettle Falls Bridges, were constructed in 1941 in the vicinity of Kettle Falls over the Columbia River. After passing through some dense forest, the highway finally ends its journey at the Laurier-Cascade Border Crossing, where the highway transitions itself onto British Columbia Highway 395. In recent years, a number of changes have been made to address growing traffic issues; including (but not limited to) the addition of left-turn channelization at important intersections, a variety of different paving projects, the construction of two roundabouts in downtown Colville, a truck route that starts and ends at those roundabouts, and the addition of uphill passing lanes in some places.
In the early 1990s, the state government considered rerouting US 395 onto SR 25 in order to direct highway traffic towards Trail, British Columbia, but later abandoned the plan. The state also planned to build a bypass around Colville that was also abandoned.
Names and designationsEdit
In 2018, the state legislature passed a bill renaming all of US 395 in honor of Tom Foley, a U.S. Congressman and former Speaker of the House from Spokane. Foley played a part in securing federal funding for the expansion of US 395 into a four-lane divided highway between the Tri-Cities and Ritzville.
|Columbia River||0.00||0.00|| US 395 at the Umatilla Bridge|
Washington–Oregon state line
|Benton||||1.00||1.61||131||SR 14 west – Plymouth, Vancouver|
|||18.19||29.27||114||Locust Grove Road (I-82 to SR 397 Intertie)|
|||19.81||31.88||I-82 west – Yakima||North end of I-82 overlap, exit 1|
|||20.54||33.06||North end of freeway|
|Kennewick||23.68||38.11||Kennewick Avenue – Kennewick City Center|
|24.35||39.19||South end of freeway|
|25.01||40.25||SR 240 west / Columbia Drive – Richland, Port of Kennewick|
|Columbia River||25.69||41.34||Blue Bridge|
|Franklin||Pasco||26.09||41.99||Lewis Street||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|26.27||42.28||Sylvester Street||Northbound exit only|
|27.35||44.02||I-182 west / US 12 west – Richland, Yakima||South end of I-182/US 12 overlap, exit 12A|
|27.79||44.72||12B||North 20th Avenue – Columbia Basin College|
|28.87||46.46||13||North 4th Avenue – Pasco City Center|
|29.48||47.44||14A||SR 397 south (Oregon Avenue) – Finley|
|29.48||47.44||US 12 east – Walla Walla, Lewiston||North end of I-182/US 12 overlap, exit 14B|
|30.45||49.00||Kartchner Street / Hillsboro Street / Commercial Avenue|
|31.87||51.29||North end of freeway|
|||44.13||71.02||Eltopia West Road – Eltopia|
|||44.13||71.02||South end of freeway|
|Mesa||52.65||84.73||SR 17 north – Mesa, Moses Lake|
|Connell||61.64||99.20||SR 260 – Connell, Kahlotus|
|||63.22||101.74||North end of freeway|
|||63.22||101.74||Lind Road – Connell|
|||67.68||108.92||South end of freeway|
|Adams||||72.86||117.26||SR 26 – Colfax, Othello|
|||77.15||124.16||Gap in freeway|
|||88.70||142.75||SR 21 – Lind, Kahlotus|
|||102.69||165.26||I-90 west – Seattle||South end of I-90 overlap, exit 220; northbound exit is via Ritzville exit|
|||103.87||167.16||221||SR 261 south – Ritzville, Washtucna|
|Lincoln||Sprague||127.18||204.68||245||SR 23 – Sprague, Harrington|
|Spokane||||139.61||224.68||257||SR 904 east – Tyler, Cheney|
|||146.22||235.32||264||SR 902 east – Cheney, Medical Lake|
|||152.47||245.38||270||SR 904 west – Four Lakes, Cheney|
|||154.73||249.01||272||SR 902 west – Medical Lake|
|||158.24||254.66||276||Geiger Boulevard / Grove Road||Former terminus of I-90 Bus.|
|||159.65||256.93||277B||US 2 west – Spokane Airport, Fairchild AFB, Davenport||South end of US 2 overlap; signed as exit 277 southbound|
|||160.12||257.69||277A||Garden Springs||Signed as exit 277 southbound; no entrance ramps|
|Spokane||161.26||259.52||279||US 195 south – Colfax, Pullman|
|162.08||260.84||280A||Maple Street||Signed as exit 280 northbound|
|280B||Lincoln Street||Northbound exit is via exit 280|
|163.24||262.71||I-90 east – Coeur d'Alene||North end of I-90 overlap, exit 281|
|163.77||263.56||Spokane Falls Boulevard||Former SR 290 east|
|167.59||269.71||SR 291 north – Suncrest|
|169.27||272.41||US 2 east (Newport Highway) – Newport||North end of US 2 overlap|
|||171.78||276.45||South end of freeway|
|||171.84||276.55||North Spokane Corridor||northbound entrance and southbound exit|
|||175.89||283.07||North end of freeway|
|||184.32||296.63||Main Avenue – Deer Park|
|Stevens||||195.37||314.42||SR 292 – Loon Lake, Springdale|
|||203.31||327.20||Bulldog Creek Road||Former SR 232|
|||207.22||333.49||SR 231 – Valley, Springdale|
|Colville||234.41||377.25||SR 20 east – Ione, Newport||South end of SR 20 overlap|
|||243.91||392.54||SR 25 – Davenport, Northport, Trail|
|Ferry||||246.66||396.96||SR 20 west – Republic, Tonasket||North end of SR 20 overlap|
|||262.63||422.66||Boulder–Deer Creek Road – Curlew|
|Laurier||275.03||442.62||Hwy 395 at the Canada–United States border|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Washington State Department of Transportation, State Highway Log Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, 2006
- "State Highway National Highway System Routes in Washington" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
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- 2016 Annual Traffic Report (PDF) (Report). Washington State Department of Transportation. 2017. pp. 178–182. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- "Corridor Sketch Summary – US 395: I-182 Jct (Pasco) to I-90 (Ritzville)" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. March 29, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- "Washington State's Scenic Byways & Road Trips" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. July 2018. pp. 56–59. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- "Lewis and Clark Trail Scenic Byway". Washington State Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on October 23, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- Washington State Highways, 2014–2015 (PDF) (Map). 1:842,000. Olympia: Washington State Department of Transportation. 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- BNSF Subdivisions (PDF) (Map). BNSF Railway. September 1, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
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- Trumbo, John (September 8, 2011). "Kennewick to unveil memorial of 9/11 attacks on Sunday". Tri-City Herald. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
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- Bridges and Structures Office (August 2018). "Bridge List (M 23-09.09)" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. pp. 275–279. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- "The Mid-Columbia: From A to Z". Tri-City Herald. April 2, 2009. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
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- "SR 182 – Exit 14: Junction SR 395/SR 397" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. January 18, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- "SR 90 – Exit 220 Junction SR 395/Danekas Road" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. February 13, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- "Corridor Sketch Summary – I-90: US 395 Jct (Ritzville) to SR 904 Jct (Tyler turn-off to Cheney)" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. March 19, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- "Corridor Sketch Summary – US 2: I-90 Jct (Spokane) to SR 206 Jct (N. Spokane)" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. March 19, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- "Jackson Cites Growth Of Private Flying". The Seattle Times. July 12, 1963. p. 39.
- "Landmark Kilometre Inventory" (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. July 2016. p. 557. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- "Official Numbered Routes in British Columbia". British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Archived from the original on July 9, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- Department of Highways, Highway Map: State of Washington, Revised to April 1, 1933
- Department of Highways, Highways of the State of Washington (Rand McNally), 1939
- Washington State Legislature (1985). "An act relating to state highway routes; amending RCW 47.17.055, 47.17.060, 47.17.455, and 47.17.575; adding a new section to chapter 47.17 RCW; and repealing RCW 47.17.281 and 47.17.867.". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Olympia, WA: State of Washington. 1985 chapter 177.
- State Highway Board, Road Map of Washington Showing Main Traveled Roads, 1912
- Washington State Legislature (1943). "An act relating to public highways; creating and establishing, describing and designating additions to the Primary State Highways of the State of Washington; eliminating certain Secondary State Highways from the Secondary State Highway System; amending sections 2, 3 and 12, chapter 207, Laws of 1937 (sections 6402-2, 6402-3 and 6402-12, Remington's Revised Statutes, Volume 7A); and declaring an emergency and that this act shall take effect April 1, 1943.". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Olympia, WA: State of Washington. 1943 chapter 239, p. 715.: "There is hereby established an extension to Primary State Highway No. 8, described as follows: Beginning in the vicinity of Maryhill, running thence easterly by the most feasible route along the north bank of the Columbia river to a point in the vicinity of Plymouth, thence in a northeasterly direction to a junction with Primary State Highway No. 3 in the vicinity of Kennewick."
- Dupler, Michelle (November 4, 2009). "Officials heap praise on new interchange project". Tri-City Herald. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Culverwell, Wendy (May 7, 2017). "Kennewick mulls $6M shortfall for highway Southridge overpass". Tri-City Herald. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Washington State Legislature (1913). "An act relating to public highways, classifying the same and naming and fixing the routes of certain state roads.". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Olympia, WA: State of Washington. 1913 chapter 65, p. 222.: "A highway connecting with the Inland Empire Highway at Pasco, Washington; thence by the most feasible route through Connell, Ritzville, Sprague, and Cheney to Spokane, Washington, to be known as the Central Washington Highway."
- State Highway Board, Map of Washington State Highways Authorized by Legislative Acts of 1913 (with 1915 changes marked)
- Rand McNally, Official 1923 Auto Trails Map[permanent dead link], District No. 14: Washington, Oregon, Northern California, Western Idaho
- Washington State Legislature (1923). "An act relating to, classifying, naming and fixing the routes of certain state highways, amending Section 6796, and repealing Sections 6791, 6792, 6793, 6794, 6795, 6797, 6798, 6799, 6800, 6801, 6802, 6803, 6804, 6805, 6806, 6808, 6809, 6811, 6812, 6813 and 6816 of Remington's Compiled Statutes.". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Olympia, WA: State of Washington. 1923 chapter 185, p. 630.: "A primary state highway, to be known as State Road No. 11 or the Central Washington Highway, is established as follows: Beginning at Pasco in Franklin County; thence by the most feasible route in a northeasterly direction through Connell, Ritzville, Sprague and Cheney to a connection with State Road No. 2 west of the City of Spokane."
- Washington State Legislature (1929). "An act establishing a primary state highway to be known as State Road No. 11, or the Columbia Basin Highway, and amending Section 10 of Chapter 185 of the Laws of 1923.". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Olympia, WA: State of Washington. 1929 chapter 171, p. 432.
- State Highway Committee, Program of State Highway Department: State and Federal Aid System to be completed by 1936, Approved by State Highway Committee April 1, 1924
- Department of Highways, Twenty-First Biennial Report, 1944-1946, p. 31: "the construction of Portland cement concrete pavement on PSH No. 11 between Geiger Field and Four Lakes, a distance of 2.888 miles"
- National Bridge Inventory database, 2006
- Department of Highways, Official Opening, Spokane Freeway, Four Lakes to Tyler, November 18, 1966, OCLC 41812460
- Washington State Legislature (1961). "Relating to public highways; describing powers and duties of the interim committee on highways, streets and bridges, license department and state highway commission; establishing and designating certain highways and alternate routes; providing for surveys and studies of proposed highway additions and toll facilities; prescribing fees, size, weight, load, permits and equipment restrictions for certain motor vehicles; prescribing regulations relating to motor vehicle fuel taxes; amending...; making appropriations; providing effective dates and declaring an emergency.". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Olympia, WA: State of Washington. 1961 (1st extraordinary session) chapter 21, p. 2625.: "Secondary state highway No. 11H; beginning at a junction with primary state highway No. 11 in the vicinity of Tyler, thence northeasterly via Cheney to a junction with primary state highway No. 11 in the vicinity of Four Lakes: Provided, That the addition of highway No. 11H shall not become effective until such time as the interstate system by-pass of Cheney is constructed and under traffic."
- From 1964 to 1970, the old numbers remained legislatively but only the new numbers were signed.
- Tri-City Herald, Lind By-Pass Will Straighten Kinks, August 21, 1956
- 1991, H.R.2950. "An act to develop a national intermodal surface transportation system, to authorize funds for construction of highways, for highway safety programs, and for mass transit programs, and for other purposes."
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- Sowa, Tom (July 12, 1996). "State Highway Speed Limits Get A Boost". Spokesman-Review. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
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