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Twentynine Palms (also known as 29 Palms) is a city in San Bernardino County, California. It was previously called Twenty-Nine Palms.

City of Twentynine Palms
29 Palms looking East on Hwy 62
29 Palms looking East on Hwy 62
City of Twentynine Palms, CA seal
Seal
Motto(s): 
"A Beautiful Desert Oasis"
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
City of Twentynine Palms is located in the United States
City of Twentynine Palms
City of Twentynine Palms
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°08′08″N 116°03′15″W / 34.13556°N 116.05417°W / 34.13556; -116.05417Coordinates: 34°08′08″N 116°03′15″W / 34.13556°N 116.05417°W / 34.13556; -116.05417[1]
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
IncorporatedNovember 23, 1987[2]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager[3]
Area
 • Total59.14 sq mi (153.18 km2)
 • Land59.14 sq mi (153.18 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation1,988 ft (606 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total25,048
 • Estimate 
(2017)[5]
26,542
 • Density448.80/sq mi (173.27/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
92277-92278
Area codes442/760
FIPS code06-80994
GNIS feature IDs1652804, 2412119
Websitewww.ci.twentynine-palms.ca.us
Twentynine Palms sign

Contents

HistoryEdit

Twentynine Palms was named for the palm trees found there in 1852 by Col. Henry Washington while surveying the San Bernardino base line.[6] A post office was established in 1927.[7]

A road named Utah Trail honors the late 1800s pioneers on a trail originating in Utah (reportedly Saint George) that went to Twentynine Palms.[citation needed]

Nearby is a small Indian reservation belonging to the Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians.

Joshua Tree National Park, which lies just to the south of Twentynine Palms, was designated a national monument in 1936, and became a national park in 1994. The nearby Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms was founded in 1952.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19705,667
19807,46531.7%
199011,82158.4%
200014,76424.9%
201025,04869.7%
Est. 201726,542[5]6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

Its population as of July 1, 2013 was estimated at 25,768.[9]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census of 2010,[10] there were 25,048 people, 8,095 households, and 5,847 families residing in the city. The population density was 423.5 people per square mile (163.5/km²). There were 9,431 housing units at an average density of 159.5 per square mile (61.6/km²), of which 2,742 (33.9%) were owner-occupied, and 5,353 (66.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.2%. 6,876 people (27.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 14,825 people (59.2%) lived in rental housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 71.6%, White (60.8% non-Hispanic),[9] 8.2% African American, 1.3% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 1.4% Pacific Islander, 6.7% from other races, and 6.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.8% of the population.

The Census reported that 21,701 people (86.6% of the population) lived in households, and 3,347 (13.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.

There were 8,095 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 54.5% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present. There were 5.0% unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1.6% same-sex married couples or partnerships. 21.1% of households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 30.0% aged 18 to 24, 25.5% aged 25 to 44, 13.1% aged 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 129.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 139.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,572. About 14.4% of the population were living below the poverty line.[9]

29 Palms has a good deal of racial diversity. The Hispanic population has increased 50% since the 2000 census. Also African-Americans, Filipinos, Samoans, and Native Americans form sizable percentages. And religiously, sizable communities of Mormons and Seventh-day Adventists.[citation needed]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 14,764 people, 5,653 households, and 3,855 families residing in the city. The population density was 269.3 inhabitants per square mile (104.0/km²). There were 6,952 housing units at an average density of 126.8 per square mile (49.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.0% White, 9.4% African American, 1.5% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 10.2% Pacific Islander, 6.2% from other races, and 6.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.9% of the population.

There were 5,653 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.1.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 15.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,178, and the median income for a family was $32,251. Males had a median income of $25,081 versus $25,141 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,613. About 13.6% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

GeographyEdit

The city is located in the Mojave Desert in Southern California. It lies on the northern side of the Joshua Tree National Park and includes one of the entrances to the park, at the Oasis of Mara.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 59.1 square miles (153 km2), all land.[12] The city is at an elevation of 1,988 feet (606 m).[1] The Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms is located there.

ClimateEdit

Due in large part to its elevation of more than 1,900 ft (580 m) above sea level, Twentynine Palms has a slightly cooler climate, especially during winter, than Palm Springs, but with essentially the same subtropical desert characteristics. On average, temperatures reach 100 °F (38 °C) on 90 days, 90 °F (32 °C) on 155 days, and the freezing mark on 24 nights annually. Extremes range from 10 °F (−12 °C) on December 23, 1990, to 118 °F (48 °C) on July 11, 1961.

Climate data for Twentynine Palms, California (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
90
(32)
95
(35)
102
(39)
112
(44)
117
(47)
118
(48)
116
(47)
114
(46)
106
(41)
93
(34)
92
(33)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 61.5
(16.4)
65.3
(18.5)
72.3
(22.4)
79.8
(26.6)
89.3
(31.8)
98.0
(36.7)
102.7
(39.3)
101.0
(38.3)
94.7
(34.8)
82.8
(28.2)
69.4
(20.8)
60.1
(15.6)
81.4
(27.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.1
(10.6)
54.4
(12.4)
60.3
(15.7)
66.8
(19.3)
75.9
(24.4)
83.9
(28.8)
89.4
(31.9)
88.1
(31.2)
81.4
(27.4)
69.8
(21.0)
57.8
(14.3)
49.9
(9.9)
69.1
(20.6)
Average low °F (°C) 40.8
(4.9)
43.4
(6.3)
48.2
(9.0)
53.8
(12.1)
62.5
(16.9)
69.7
(20.9)
76.2
(24.6)
75.2
(24.0)
68.0
(20.0)
56.8
(13.8)
46.3
(7.9)
39.7
(4.3)
56.7
(13.7)
Record low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
18
(−8)
23
(−5)
29
(−2)
33
(1)
43
(6)
53
(12)
52
(11)
38
(3)
24
(−4)
14
(−10)
10
(−12)
10
(−12)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.52
(13)
0.57
(14)
0.45
(11)
0.13
(3.3)
0.09
(2.3)
0.01
(0.25)
0.54
(14)
0.80
(20)
0.39
(9.9)
0.18
(4.6)
0.24
(6.1)
0.57
(14)
4.49
(112.45)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.2 3.2 2.5 1.2 0.8 0.2 1.6 2.6 1.6 1.1 1.2 2.4 21.6
Source: NOAA (extremes 1935–present)[13]

GovernmentEdit

The city uses a council-manager form of government. An elected city council establishes policy and appoints a city manager who executes these policies.[3]

State and federal representationEdit

In the California State Legislature, Twentynine Palms is in the 16th Senate District, represented by Republican Shannon Grove, and in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Chad Mayes.[14]

In the United States House of Representatives, Twentynine Palms is in California's 8th congressional district, represented by Republican Paul Cook.[15]

EconomyEdit

The Oasis of Mara,[16] maintained by the United States National Park Service, is visited by approximately 140,000 people every year; per Indian legend, the Oasis is the location of the original 29 palm trees planted by the Serrano people.[17]

EducationEdit

MediaEdit

 
Aerial view of Twentynine Palms from the south, with Mojave Desert behind
  • The Desert Trail newspaper in Yucca Valley is published weekly.[21] The Sun Runner Magazine of California Desert Life and Culture is published bi-monthly.[22]

There are two TV stations: K15FC (KESQ-TV (ABC), KPSP (CBS), KDFX (Fox), KCWQ (CW) and KUNA-LP (Telemundo) subchannels) and KPSE-LD (My Network) 29 (also KMIR-TV (NBC), ION, MeTV and Movies! subchannels) from the Riverside County, California TV market, but the area is actually part of the Los Angeles Metropolitan area TV market.

There is one AM station: KNWH a transmitter of KNWQ-1140 "KNews" Radio – Twentynine Palms (Inland Empire, California and Coachella Valley radio markets) CA US news/talk, and seven commercial plus two public FM Stations –

Low Power FM Translators:

Local stations:

TransportationEdit

Notable peopleEdit

  • Willie Boy, subject of the movie Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here, and the book by the same name. He was a Piute-Chemehuevi Indian born in 29 Palms.[24]
  • Doug Cockle, actor and director.
  • Mike Evans, actor and writer, was a longtime resident and died at his mother's house in Twentynine Palms.[25]
  • Cliff Raven, noted American tattoo pioneer, lived and worked in Twentynine Palms in his later years.
  • Dick Dale, Legendary "King Of The Surf Guitar", lived on a ranch in 29 Palms before he died in March of 2019.
  • Elizabeth Warder Crozer Campbell, logged thousands of archeological finds in the 1920s in Joshua Tree Park. Wrote The Desert Was Home.

In popular cultureEdit

MusicEdit

FilmEdit

RadioEdit

On April 22, 1945, The Jack Benny Program was broadcast from Twentynine Palms Auxiliary Naval Air Station. There were jokes about the base's dry, hot weather, along with a comedic sketch of the town's history.[31]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Twentynine Palms". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Council/Manager Form of Government". City of Twentynine Palms. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
  4. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  6. ^ Gudde, Erwin Gustav; Bright, William (1998). California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names (4th ed.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 277. ISBN 978-0-520-24217-3. LCCN 97043168. Washington ... found 29 'cabbage trees' ... the common name for the Washington palm.
  7. ^ Durham, David L. (2001). Place-Names of California's Desert Cities. Clovis, CA: Quill Driver Books. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-884995-31-6.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ a b c "Twentynine Palms (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 10, 2015. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Twentynine Palms city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
  14. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  15. ^ "California's 8th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  16. ^ "Oasis of Mara". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  17. ^ "Oasis of Mara - Joshua Tree National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov.
  18. ^ "CMC - Copper Mountain College". Cmccd.edu.
  19. ^ "Morongo Unified School District". Morongo.k12.ca.us.
  20. ^ "Mayfield College - Palm Springs-Palm Desert-Cathedral City-Desert Hot Springs-Indio California Colleges". Mayfieldcollege.edu.
  21. ^ "The Desert Trail". Hi-Desert Star.
  22. ^ "About Us". Thesunrunner.com.
  23. ^ "Palm Springs/Indio/Twentynine Palms CA". radiostationworld.com. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  24. ^ Niemann, Greg (2006). "6: Pursuit of a Renegade Indian". Palm Springs Legends: creation of a desert oasis. San Diego, CA: Sunbelt Publications. ISBN 978-0-932653-74-1.
  25. ^ "'Jeffersons' Actor Mike Evans Dies". CBS News. December 22, 2006. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  26. ^ "April 26, 1992 Lyrics - Sublime". Lyricsfreak.com.
  27. ^ "Places - Brad Mehldau - Songs, Reviews, Credits - AllMusic". AllMusic.
  28. ^ "It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World (1963)". IMDb.com.
  29. ^ "Kiss Me, Stupid (1964)". IMDb.com.
  30. ^ "Twentynine Palms (2003)". IMDb.com. September 17, 2003. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  31. ^ "Sound file" (MP3). Otrrlibrary.org. Retrieved February 6, 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Twentynine Palms, California at Wikimedia Commons