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Tuckahoe is a village in Westchester County, New York, United States. One-and-a-half miles long and three-fourths of a mile wide, with the Bronx River serving as its western boundary, the Village of Tuckahoe is approximately sixteen miles north of midtown Manhattan in Southern Westchester County.[2] As of the 2010 census, the village's population was 6,486.[3]

Tuckahoe, New York
Location of Tuckahoe (village), New York
Location of Tuckahoe (village), New York
Coordinates: 40°57′11″N 73°49′25″W / 40.95306°N 73.82361°W / 40.95306; -73.82361Coordinates: 40°57′11″N 73°49′25″W / 40.95306°N 73.82361°W / 40.95306; -73.82361
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
TownEastchester
Incorporated1903
Government
 • MayorGreg Luisi
Area
 • Total0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Land0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
112 ft (34 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,486
 • Estimate 
(2018)[1]
6,575
 • Density11,000/sq mi (4,100/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
10707
Area code(s)914
FIPS code36-75583
GNIS feature ID0967924
Commercial District near Crestwood Train Station

The village can be reached by the Metro-North railroad system. The Tuckahoe and Crestwood stations are 32 minutes and 34 minutes from New York City's Grand Central Terminal, respectively.

HistoryEdit

 
Descriptive monument at Tuckahoe Quarry

Industry and growthEdit

The name “Tuckahoe," meaning “it is globular," was a general term used by the Native Americans of the region when describing various bulbous roots which were used as food. Throughout the 1700s and 1800s, Tuckahoe was a rural, minor community which was part of the larger town of East Chester. It wasn't until the early nineteenth century that Tuckahoe first became a semi-prominent part of the New York Metropolitan Area upon the discovery of vast, high-quality, white marble deposits near the Bronx River by Scottish businessman Alexander Masterson.[4] Through the use of his financial wealth and influence, Masterson jump-started Tuckahoe's marble industry, its first quarry in 1812. The extremely high quality of "Tuckahoe Marble" was in great demand, quickly transforming the once quiet village into the "marble capital of the world".[5] In the 1840s, to serve quarry owners who transported marble to the city, the New York and Harlem Railroad opened two train depots in Tuckahoe. The booming industry drew succeeding waves of German, Irish and Italian immigrant workers, and, after the Civil War, African-Americans who migrated from the South.[6] The Tuckahoe quarries produced heavily for almost a century before supplies dwindled and the industry shut down.[7] The village's Church of the Immaculate Conception was constructed for the predominantly Catholic population using Tuckahoe Marble.[8]

In the 1920s Burroughs Wellcome (now part of GlaxoSmithKline) established research and manufacturing facilities on Scarsdale Road on land acquired from the Hodgman Rubber Company,[9]:18[10][11] and for many years was a leading industry in Tuckahoe[9] until the company moved to Research Triangle Park in North Carolina in 1971.[12] The Nobel Prize winning scientists Gertrude B. Elion and George H. Hitchings worked there and invented drugs still used many years later, such as the cancer and autoimmune disease suppressant mercaptopurine.[13]

GeographyEdit

Tuckahoe village is located at 40°57′11″N 73°49′25″W / 40.95306°N 73.82361°W / 40.95306; -73.82361 (40.953110, -73.823609),[14] which is the lower, central section of Westchester County. Tuckahoe is bordered by the village of Bronxville to its south and the unincorporated portion of the town of Eastchester to the north and east. The Bronx River separates it from the Crestwood section of Yonkers to its west. Easily accessible roadways include the Bronx River Parkway, White Plains Road (Route 22), the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87), the Hutchinson River Parkway, and the Cross County Parkway.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19102,722
19203,50928.9%
19306,13874.9%
19406,5636.9%
19505,991−8.7%
19606,4237.2%
19706,236−2.9%
19806,076−2.6%
19906,3023.7%
20006,211−1.4%
20106,4864.4%
Est. 20186,575[15]1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census[17] of 2010, there were 6,486 people, 2,855 households, and 1,657 families residing in the village. There were 3,122 housing units. The racial makeup of the village was 67.5% White, 10.2% African American, 12.1% Hispanic or Latin of any race, 8.2% Asian, 1.7% from two or more races, 0.2% from other races, and 0.1% Native American.

There were 2,627 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.0% were non-families. In total, 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the village, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 20, 4.7% from 20 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. The male population represented 46.4% of the population whereas females accounted for 53.6% of the population.

The median and mean incomes for a household in the village was $68,648 and $129,406, respectively, and the median income for a family was $92,250. Approximately 14.7% of the village population earned income of $200,000 or more and the per capita income for the village was $56,057. About 1.1% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/tuckahoevillagenewyork/PST045218
  2. ^ A Brief History of the Village of Tuckahoe
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Tuckahoe village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  4. ^ The Mastersons
  5. ^ Town Eastchester - Local History
  6. ^ Here Comes the Train Circa 1850
  7. ^ Holding on to Tradition, and Independence NY Times
  8. ^ "The Present Church" (PDF). ICC History. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  9. ^ a b Tricentennial Committee. 1664-1964 The Story of a Town
  10. ^ The Eastchester Citizen-Bulletin, 19 November 1924 Page 2
  11. ^ Peter Pennoyer and Anne Walker. The Architecture of Delano & Aldrich. W. W. Norton & Company, 2003 ISBN 9780393730876. Page 188
  12. ^ Triangle Modernist Houses Press release. October 8, 2012 Iconic Burroughs Wellcome Headquarters Open for Rare Public Tour
  13. ^ Katherine Bouton for the New York Times. January 29, 1989 The Nobel Pair
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/tuckahoevillagenewyork/PST045218
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. ^ "Police union announces scholarship winners". The Bronxville Review Press and Reporter. Gannett Company. 9 June 2005. Retrieved 17 May 2017.

External linksEdit