Bronxville, New York
Bronxville is a village in Westchester County, New York, located about 15 miles (24 km) north of midtown Manhattan. It is part of the town of Eastchester. The village comprises 1 square mile (2.5 km2) of land in its entirety, approximately 20% of the town of Eastchester. As of the 2010 U.S. census, Bronxville had a population of 6,323. In 2016, Bronxville was rated by CNBC as the most expensive suburb of any of America's ten largest cities, with a median home value of $2.33 million. It was ranked eighth in Bloomberg's "America's 100 Richest Places" in 2017 and 2018 and ninth in 2019.
Bronxville, New York
Location of Bronxville, New York
|Settled||Early 18th century|
|• Mayor||Mary C. Marvin (R)|
|• Total||1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)|
|• Land||1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||92 ft (28 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||6,300/sq mi (2,500/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0944824|
The region that includes the contemporary village of Bronxville was deeded to British colonists in 1666, but first settled by Europeans in the early 18th century. The two founding inhabitants were the Underhill and Morgan families. The Underhills built a sawmill and a gristmill, which was the first factory in the area, on the Bronx River. After they built a wooden bridge, the area became known as "Underhill's Crossing".
Millionaire real-estate and pharmaceutical mogul William Van Duzer Lawrence sparked the development of Bronxville as an affluent suburb of New York City by building grand homes in a rustic setting. The area became "Bronxville" when the village was formally established. The population grew in the second half of the 19th century, when railroads allowed commuters from Westchester County to work in New York City. Lawrence's influence can be seen throughout the community, including the historic Lawrence Park neighborhood, the Houlihan Lawrence Real Estate Corporation, and Lawrence Hospital. John F. Kennedy, the future president of the United States, also lived here for a time.
The village was home to an arts colony in the early 20th century, when many noteworthy houses were built by prominent and casual architects. After the Bronx River Parkway was completed in 1925, the village expanded rapidly with the construction of several apartment buildings and townhouses, many of them built by the Lawrence family. As of 1959, the family continued to own or manage 97% of the rental market. In both rentals and ownership, the village discouraged and effectively prohibited Jewish residency, earning the name "Holy Square Mile". James W. Loewen wrote about it in his book Sundown Towns, quoting the Anti-Defamation League's 1959 comment:
The Incorporated Village of Bronxville in Westchester County has earned a reputation for admitting to its precincts as home-owners or -renters only those who profess to be Christian. According to informed observers, this mile-square village, with a population of 6500, does not have any known Jewish families residing within its boundaries.… Even in the apartment buildings located in Bronxville there are no known Jewish tenants.
The Gramatan Hotel on Sunset Hill was a residence hotel in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Gramatan was the name of the chief of the local Siwanoy Indian tribe that was centered in the Gramatan Rock area above Bronxville Station. Chief Gramatan sold the land to the settlers. The hotel was demolished in 1970, and a complex of townhouses was built on the site in 1980.
St. Joseph's Catholic Church, located in the downtown area, was attended by the Kennedys when they were residents from 1929 to about 1938 before moving to London. In 1958, future senator Ted Kennedy married Joan Bennett in St. Joseph's Church. In 1960, the Village voted 5:1 for Nixon over Kennedy.
The US Post Office–Bronxville was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. Other sites on the National Register are the Bronxville Women's Club, Lawrence Park Historic District, and Masterton-Dusenberry House.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 census, there were 6,543 people, 2,312 households and 1,660 families residing in the village. The population density was 6,869.3 per square mile (2,659.2/km2). There were 2,387 housing units, at an average density of 2,506.0 per square mile (970.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 91.88% White, 1.15% African American, 0.05% Native American, 4.83% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latinos of any race were 2.93% of the population.
There were 2,312 households, of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. In the village, 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71, and the average family size was 3.27.
Age distribution was 29.1% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.
The median household income was $205,781, the average household income was $340,448, and the median per capita income was $116,698—making it one of the wealthiest and most affluent places with more than 1,000 households, or a population greater than 1,000, in the United States. Median income is currently ranked 16th highest in the country. Males had a median income of $100,000, versus $61,184 for females. The per capita income for the village was $116,698 and the average family income was $417,772. About 1.7% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over. In 2016, Forbes named it one of the ten most expensive suburbs of America's major cities.
Bronxville's 10708 ZIP Code covers the village of Bronxville proper, plus Chester Heights and other sections of Eastchester, parts of Tuckahoe, and Lawrence Park West, Cedar Knolls, Armour Villa, and other sections of Yonkers. These areas are collectively known as "Bronxville P.O." and are not located with-in the boundaries of the Village of Bronxville, therefore their residents are not considered residents of the village despite sharing the same zip code. This brings the ZIP code's population to 22,411 (2000 census), covering an area more than twice as large as the municipality of Bronxville itself and encompassing several notable institutions, such as Sarah Lawrence College in Yonkers. In fact, there are more residents of Yonkers using a Bronxville mailing address than living in the village itself. The Bronxville Post Office serves residents of the village.
Bronxville is home to Concordia College, a liberal arts college operated by the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod. Adjacent to the Concordia College campus is the Chapel School—a pre-K-8 school affiliated with the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod.
Parks and recreationEdit
The Village of Bronxville has more than 70 acres (280,000 m2) of parkland including athletic fields, woodlands, and a very small part of the Bronx River Parkway Reservation. The Reservation, Westchester’s oldest park, was created as an adjunct to the Bronx River Parkway that opened in 1925, and was the first linear park in the United States. The Reservation features ponds, wooden footbridges and hundreds of varieties of native trees and shrubs. The park is owned by Westchester County, and it is a favorite place for bicycling, walking, running, and nature study. It is sometimes referred to by locals as "The Duck Pond."
The Bronxville School's athletic fields contain a football field, three smaller fields used for various sports like field hockey and lacrosse, and a running track (which is only 380 meters in Lane 1 because of space issues). Bacon Woodlands, located on Kensington Road, is a natural rock outcropping which has been left in its natural state, the flatter portion of which is used as an informal play area by children. Scout Field, a Westchester County Park which is located predominantly in Yonkers and Mount Vernon but is controlled by Bronxville, is heavily utilized by the Bronxville schools' soccer, football, baseball and cross-country running programs. In 2006, Chambers Field was replaced with turf, which was funded by the community and parents of athletes in Bronxville.
From April to June and September to October, a 7-mile (11 km) stretch of the Bronx River Parkway (no part of the roadway of which is in Bronxville) from Scarsdale Road in Yonkers (north of Bronxville) to White Plains closes to automobile traffic each Sunday (except on holiday weekends) between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. During those times, the Westchester County Parks Department runs "Bicycle Sundays" along this stretch of the parkway.
- Frank Abagnale, Jr., security consultant and former impostor/forger, subject of the book Catch Me if You Can and its 2002 film adaptation
- Roy Chapman Andrews, prominent explorer for the American Museum of Natural History
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer, pioneer of the women’s cosmetics industry
- Kenneth Bacon (1944–2009), Department of Defense spokesman who later served as president of Refugees International
- Harrison Bader, Major League Baseball outfielder for St. Louis Cardinals.
- Clarence L. Barnhart, lexicographer, noted for the Thorndike-Barnhart school dictionary series.
- Henry Billings Brown, US Supreme Court justice, died at the Gramatan Hotel in 1913.
- Mary Cain, a middle distance runner
- Lawrence Dutton, Grammy-winning musician
- Denison Kitchel, campaign manager for Barry M. Goldwater in 1964, was born in Bronxville in 1908.
- Felicia Bond, author and illustrator of children's books, notably all of the books in the best-selling If You Give... series."If You Give a Dog a Doughnut". HarperCollins. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- Marvin Bower, former managing director of McKinsey & Co. and "the father of modern management consulting"
- Mika Brzezinski, television journalist on Morning Joe
- Thomas S. Buechner (1936–2010), founding director of the Corning Museum of Glass and director of the Brooklyn Museum
- Cathy DeBuono (born 1970), actress/psychotherapist/radio talk show host for LA Talk
- William J. Burns, founder of the Burns Detective Agency, and director of the FBI’s predecessor organization
- Janet Cox-Rearick, art historian
- Elizabeth Custer, widow of General George Armstrong Custer
- Don DeLillo, writer
- Francis William Edmonds (1806–63), genre painter
- Ford C. Frick, National League President - The third Major League Commissioner of Baseball
- Timothy Geithner, owned a home in Bronxville before his appointment as treasury secretary in 2009.
- John Hoyt, actor born in Bronxville
- Rose Kennedy, Kennedy family matriarch
- Joseph P. Kennedy, Kennedy family patriarch. Ambassador to Great Britain and 1st Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission
- Robert F. Kennedy, 64th attorney general and U.S. senator
- Ted Kennedy, U.S. senator
- John F. Kennedy, 35th president of the United States of America
- Lawrence Kohlberg, psychologist famous for his theories on moral development.
- Brendan Gill, famed New Yorker writer
- Michael Gates Gill, author of How Starbucks Saved My Life: A Son of Privilege Learns to Live Like Everyone Else
- Roger Goodell, commissioner of the National Football League
- Don Herbert (1917-2007), television host known to many as Mr. Wizard
- Joseph Landy, co-president of Warburg Pincus
- Steve Liesman, CNBC reporter
- Jamie Loeb (born 1995), American tennis player
- Ginna Sulcer Marston, public service advertiser, attended Bronxville high school
- Ed McMahon, television host
- Jose Melis, musician and band leader for Jack Paar on The Tonight Show/>
- Jack Paar, American radio and television talk show host
- Frank Patterson, internationally celebrated Irish tenor
- Mark Patterson, investor
- Gretchen Peters, country singer/songwriter
- Peter Pennoyer, architect
- Eddie Rickenbacker, famed World War I fighter pilot, and later president of Eastern Airlines
- Dennis Ritchie, one of the creators of Unix and the C programming language
- Gary Robinson, software entrepreneur
- John Q. Kelly, lawyer
- Chris Baio (born 1984), musician
- Chuck Scarborough, news anchor
- William E. Schluter (1927-2018), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly and the New Jersey Senate.
- Tad Smith, CEO of Sotheby's
- Frederick D. Sulcer, advertising executive who wrote Put a Tiger in Your Tank for ExxonMobil
- Ruth Ann Swenson, operatic soprano
- Philip Torchio, electrical engineer known for his work with Edison Electric Company
- Charles J. Urstadt, real estate executive
- Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie, creator of C
In popular cultureEdit
- The Bronxville School appears in the films Firstborn (1984), starring Teri Garr and Peter Weller, and Stepmom (1998), starring Julia Roberts and Susan Sarandon.
- The Siwanoy Country Club, located in Eastchester, is featured in the films Six Degrees of Separation (1993), starring Will Smith, Stockard Channing, and Donald Sutherland and Rounders (1998), starring Matt Damon and Edward Norton.
- The film Baby Mama (2008) was shot partly on Legget Road in Bronxville.
- The opening scene in the film Tales from the Darkside (1990) was shot in Bronxville.
- A few scenes from the film Admission (2013) were filmed in Value Drugs and Womwraths in Bronxville
- In season 8, Episode 4 of the TV series Blue Bloods, DCPI Garrett Moore gets swatted at his home in Bronxville 
- "Mayor; Village of Bronxville Election Information March 20, 2007 Election". smartvoter.org.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 7, 2019.
- Bronxville, NY to Manhattan, NY. Retrieved 2010-03-20
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Bronxville village, Westchester County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- "The most expensive suburbs of America's 10 biggest cities".
- "Photo History of Bronxville" (PDF). Village of Bronxville. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 3, 2018. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Eloise L. Morgan; Mary Means Muber (1998). Building A Suburban Village. pp. 12–16. ISBN 0-9664360-0-8.
- Morgan pp. 312-315
- Morgan pp. 29-30
- Harry Gersh (February 1, 1959). "Gentlemen's Agreement in Bronxville:The "Holy Square Mile"". Commentary. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- Sundown Towns. The New Press. 2005. p. 126. ISBN 156584887X.
- Morgan pp. 60-64
- "Elizabeth Custer". www.westchesterhistory.com/. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Morgan pp. 26-33
- Wood Hill, Marilynn (1999). Around Bronxville. Arcadia Pub. pp. 98–100. ISBN 978-0752408163.
- Morgan p. 316
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "10708 Zip Code". usa.com. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "10708 Zip Code Detailed Profile". www.city-data.com/. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- GROSS, JANE. "COUNTY LINES; The Lure of a Bronxville Address". nytimes.com. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "St. Joseph School: Our History". St. Joseph School.
- Village of Bronxville website Archived November 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- "Bronx River Parkway". nycroads.com.
- Harris, Scott; Redding, Stan (2008). Catch Me If You Can. New York: Random House, Inc. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-7679-0538-1. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- "History - The Village of Bronxville". villageofbronxville.com. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013.
- Martin, Douglas. "K. H. Bacon, an Advocate For Refugees, Is Dead at 64", The New York Times, August 15, 2009. Accessed August 16, 2009.
- "Denison Kitchel, 94, Chief of Goldwater Campaign, October 20, 2002". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- Elizabeth Haas Edersheim, McKinsey's Marvin Bower, at books.google.com
- Grimes, William. "Thomas S. Buechner, Former Director of Brooklyn Museum, Dies at 83", The New York Times, June 17, 2010. Accessed June 19, 2010.
- "DeLillo's Awards". perival.com.
- "John Hoyt Is Dead; Actor, 86, Played In Films and on TV". The New York Times. New York, USA. September 21, 1991. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
- JFK Presidential Library
- Here at the New Yorker, Brendan Gill
- How Starbucks Saved My Life, Michael Gates Grill
- "Denver Broncos NFL Football Front Page". scout.com. Archived from the original on 2006-11-06. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- After Appotamattox, Time Magazine, February 22, 1960
- "Mark Patterson, Chairman of Matlin Patterson Global Advisers, to Speak at Concordia Business Breakfast October 6". myhometownbronxville.com.
- Bell Labs biography Archived 2008-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
- Keill, Liz. "Berkeley Heights man wins Japan Prize for inventing UNIX operating system", Independent Press, February 1, 2011. Accessed October 17, 2011. "Ritchie, 69, has lived in Berkeley Heights for 15 years. He was born in Bronxville, NY, grew up in Summit and attended Summit High School before going to Harvard University."
- Shea, Kevin. "Bill Schluter, former state senator who ran for governor, dies at 90", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, August 6, 2018. Accessed August 7, 2018. "Born in Bronxville, New York and raised in Princeton, Schluter graduated from Princeton University in 1950, where he played varsity hockey all four years.."
- "Caroline Mitchell Fitzgibbons". Olshan. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- David Kaplan (January 2004). "Sulcer, 77, Former DDB Needham Exec, Dies". all Business. Archived from the original on August 25, 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
NEW YORK Frederick D. "Sandy" Sulcer, a former executive at DDB Needham Worldwide, ... created the well-known "Put a tiger in your tank" theme line for Esso (now ExxonMobil) ...
- MICHAEL STRAUSS (November 11, 1973). "Andover Triumphs; Lewis Scores Two". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
... For Sandy Sulcer of Bronxville, NY ...
- "Ruth Ann Swenson". IMDb.
- "IEEE". ieee.org.
- Stepmom. IMDb. 1998.
- Rounders. IMDb. 1998.
- ""Blue Bloods" Out of the Blue". IMDB. Retrieved 8 May 2019.