Tsai Ying-wen (political scientist)

Tsai Ying-wen (Chinese: 蔡英文; pinyin: Cài Yīngwén; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chhòa Eng-bûn; 4 June 1952 – 10 October 2019) was a Taiwanese political scientist and translator. He was a fellow at Academia Sinica, with his main research focus on the history of Western political thought. His book, From Monarchy and Autocracy to Democracy, won Academia Sinica's 5th Academic Book Award in Humanities and Social Sciences in 2016.

Tsai Ying-wen
Born(1952-06-04)4 June 1952
Taiwan
Died10 October 2019(2019-10-10) (aged 67)
NationalityTaiwanese
OccupationPolitical scientist, translator

BiographyEdit

Tsai was born on 4 June 1952 in Taiwan. He graduated from the Department of History of Tunghai University, and later obtained a Ph.D. in political science from the University of York in the United Kingdom. He was a research fellow at Academia Sinica, and was a visiting scholar at the University of Cambridge. His main research area was the history of Western political thought.[1]

Tsai was one of the first scholars to introduce the political theories of Hannah Arendt to the Chinese-speaking world. He translated the second section (imperialism) and the third section (totalitarianism) of Arendt's influential work The Origins of Totalitarianism into Chinese.[1] He compared Arendt's theories to those of Carl Schmitt, and was one of the first to introduce Italian scholar Giorgio Agamben's state of exception concepts to Chinese speakers.[1]

As Tsai shared the same Chinese name as the Republic of China President Tsai Ing-wen, his works were often mistakenly attributed to her. On 19 January 2016, after Tsai Ing-wen won the Taiwan presidential election, Hong Kong political commentator Lin Hsing-chih [zh] wrote a column stating that she, as the translator of Quentin Skinner's book on Niccolò Machiavelli, would be well-versed in Machiavellian tactics. On 31 January, Yazhou Zhoukan published an article pointing out that the book was translated by the political scientist Tsai Ying-wen in 1983, not by the president-elect.[2]

In December 2016, Tsai's 2015 book, From Monarchy and Autocracy to Democracy: The Development of Western Democratic Thoughts and Its Problems (從王權、專制到民主:西方民主思想的開展及其問題), won Academia Sinica's 5th Academic Book Award in Humanities and Social Sciences. At the award ceremony, he mentioned that his "obscure" academic work had sold well and was reprinted within three months of publication, and jokingly said that most readers must have mistaken the book's author as President Tsai Ing-wen.[3][4]

On 10 October 2019, Tsai died from infections caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease, aged 67.[5]

Selected worksEdit

  • From Monarchy and Autocracy to Democracy (從王權、專制到民主:西方民主思想的開展及其問題), 2015, ISBN 9789570846515.
  • Contemporary Political Thought (當代政治思潮), 2009, ISBN 9789571452012.
  • Sovereign State and Civil Society (主權國家與市民社會), 2006, ISBN 7301105339.
  • Political Practice and Public Space (政治實踐與公共空間), 2002, ISBN 9570823038.
  • Han Fei's Thought of Rule of Law and Its Historical Significance (韓非的法治思想及其歷史意義), 1987, ISBN 9789575473457.

Sources: [5][6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Xu Huixin 徐卉馨 (13 October 2019). "他引介漢娜鄂蘭政治思想到台灣 中研院學者蔡英文病逝". Yahoo Taiwan (in Chinese). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  2. ^ "此蔡英文非彼蔡英文 同名之累誤導香港媒體". Yazhou Zhoukan. 31 January 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  3. ^ "鑽研民主與極權研究、引進漢娜.鄂蘭思想 中研院學者蔡英文病逝". Liberty Times (in Chinese). 13 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  4. ^ Lin Youchen 林宥辰 (14 December 2016). "中研院學者蔡英文獲專書獎,戲稱此書再版都是因另一位蔡英文". Storm Media (in Chinese). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b Chien, Hui-ju; Hetherington, William. "Researcher Tsai Ying-wen dies". Taipei Times. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Ying-Wen Tsai". Academia Sinica. Retrieved 14 October 2019.