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Tri Rismaharini (born 20 November 1961) is the current Mayor of Surabaya. Popularly known as Risma, she is both the first directly-elected and first female mayor in the city's history.[1]

Tri Rismaharini
Tri Rismaharini.jpg
23rd Mayor of Surabaya
Assumed office
28 September 2010
PresidentSusilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Joko Widodo
GovernorSoekarwo
Preceded byBambang Dwi Hartono
Personal details
Born (1961-11-20) 20 November 1961 (age 57)
Kediri, East Java, Indonesia
NationalityIndonesia
Political partyIndonesian Democratic Party of Struggle
Spouse(s)Ir. Djoko Saptoadji
ChildrenFuad Bernardi
Tantri Gunarni Saptoadji
Alma materSepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
WebsitePersonal Twitter

EducationEdit

She earned a bachelor's degree in Architecture and a master's degree in Urban Development Management from Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya. She was awarded a doctoral degree from Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember in 2015.

CareerEdit

Public serviceEdit

She began her career as a public servant in Surabaya. Before being elected Mayor, she served as a government employee in Surabaya City Government for more than 20 years, eventually becoming Head of Surabaya's Program Controlling Division, and later Head of Surabaya Landscape and Cleanliness Department.

When Tri Rismaharini was first elected Mayor in 2010, Surabaya, although rich in history, was a city neglected by successive governments. It was then described as a concrete dump. As mayor, her policy has been to make the most of empty land and open spaces. There are now eleven major parks in Surabaya, all with different themes. Many parks also provide Wi-Fi access and include libraries, fitness and other sports facilities. The most prominent is the transformation of Bungkul Park, which has been recognized as a cross-culturally public-engaged park in Southeast Asia.

Surabaya has also enlarged other open spaces such as cemeteries so that they serve as water absorption space - unlike Jakarta, the city had not had any serious flooding for three years - and has added green lanes along main roads and created city forests.

AwardsEdit

During her tenure, Surabaya has won a number of awards including the ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City Award 2012 and the Adipura Kencana, the highest environmental awards in Indonesia. Mayor Risma was named as one of the 10 most inspiring women 2013 by Forbes Indonesia. She was also recently named one of the world’s 50 greatest leaders by Fortune magazine and was one of the top mayors listed last year by the City Mayors Foundation, an urban research institute. March 2016, she was awarded Ideal Mother Award 2016, at Cairo University, given by Islamic Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).[2]

ControversyEdit

Her policy of closing down brothels has been criticized by aid and health care workers as ineffective, and doing nothing to eliminate the sex trade. Her critics add that making prostitution illegal forces many sex workers to work in conditions that are more dangerous and unregulated, and therefore more at risk from diseases. Tri Rismaharini's reforms have wide support in Indonesia, though.[3]

Electoral historyEdit

2015 Surabaya mayoral election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PDI-P Tri Rismaharini 893,087 86.34 +47.81
Demokrat Rasiyo 141,324 13.66 N/A
2010 Surabaya mayoral election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PDI-P Tri Rismaharini 358,187 38.53
Demokrat Arif Afandi 327.516 35.25
PKS Fandi Utomo 129.172 13.90
PKB B.F. Sutadi 61.648 6.63
Independent Fitradjaja Purnama 53.110 5.71

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Citymayors.com Mayor of the month February 2014
  2. ^ 'Mother' for a Million Children, Risma Awarded Ideal Mother source: http://en.sindonews.com/read/1095540/196/mother-for-a-million-children-risma-awarded-ideal-mother-1458814504
  3. ^ Sakar Prasain (4 November 2014). "Indonesian Brothel Closures hit HIV prevention". Asia Sentinel. Retrieved 4 November 2014.