Ministry of Social Affairs (Indonesia)
Ministry of Social Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (abbreviated as Kemensos, formerly Department of Social Affairs) is a ministry that has the task of organizing and overseeing domestic affairs in government to assist the president in implementing state governance in the social sector. The Ministry of Social Affairs is led by a Social Minister who since 23 December 2020 has been held by Tri Rismaharini.
|Formed||August 19, 1945|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Indonesia|
|Headquarters||Jl. Salemba Raya No. 28 Jakarta Pusat 10430, Jakarta SCR, Indonesia|
|Employees||3,905 Civil Service employees|
|Annual budget||$8.737 million (FY 2020) |
The first Minister of Social Affairs in the early days of independence was entrusted to Iwa Kusuma Sumantri. At that time, there were approximately 30 employees for the Labor and Social Affairs Departments. Almost all of these employees lacks in knowledge and experience in the labor and social fields. Initially, the Ministry of Social Affairs office was located at Jalan Cemara no. 5 Jakarta, but when the capital city of the Indonesian Republic was moved to Yogyakarta, on January 10, 1946, the Ministry of Social Affairs moved their headquarter to the seminary building on Jl. Code Yogyakarta. Then when the Indonesian Government moved its capital back to Jakarta, the office of the Ministry of Social Affairs was re-established at Jalan Ir. Juanda 36, Central Jakarta, and has experienced a change of location again to Jalan Salemba Raya 28 Central Jakarta until now.
Period of Dissolution (Liquidation)Edit
During the presidential reign of Abdurrahman Wahid, the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Ministry of Information were formally dissolved. At that time President Abdurrahman Wahid had the idea that social welfare services were sufficient for the community in Indonesia. However, the situation said differently. Unexpectedly, various social welfare problems appeared, such as natural disasters, social disasters, as well as a surge in the population of the homeless and neglected children in Indonesia. As a result, former high-ranking officials of the Ministry of Social Affairs at that time initiated the formation of an agency that is responsible directly under the President, and thus, the National Social Welfare Agency (BKSN) was formed.
After the formation of the National Social Welfare Agency (BKSN), problem was not immediately resolved. Instead, a complete shortage of officers and the BKSN authority happened due to the imbalance of the population and social problems. With such considerations, in the National Unity Cabinet, the Ministry of Social Affairs was re-established, but with a merging with the Ministry of Health. Its nomenclature is the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. The merging of those two ministry also does not provide an adequate solution to the social welfare problems, in which the social problems has become increasingly complex. Then, during the Gotong Royong Cabinet period, the Ministry of Social Affairs was re-functioned to carry out development tasks in the field of social welfare.
Tasks and functionsEdit
The Ministry of Social Affairs has the task of carrying out affairs in the fields of social rehabilitation, social security, social empowerment, social protection and handling of the poor to assist the President in carrying out state governance. In carrying out its duties, the Ministry of Social Affairs carries out the functions as follows:
- Formulation, stipulation and implementation of policies in the fields of social rehabilitation, social security, social empowerment, social protection, and handling of the poor;
- Determination of criteria and data for the poor and needy people;
- Establishment of social rehabilitation standards;
- Coordinating the implementation of duties, coaching, and providing administrative support to all elements of the organization within the Ministry of Social Affairs;
- Management of State property / assets which is the responsibility of the Ministry of Social Affairs;
- Supervision of the implementation of tasks within the Ministry of Social Affairs;
- Implementation of technical guidance and supervision of the implementation of Ministry of Social affairs in the regions;
- Implementation of education and training, research and development of social welfare, and social counseling; and
- Implementation of substantive support to all organizational elements within the Ministry of Social Affairs.
Based on Presidential Regulation Number 46 of 2015, the Ministry of Social Affairs is organized as follows:
- Office of the Deputy Minister of Social Affairs
- Secretariat General
- Directorate General of Social Protection and Security
- Directorate General of Social Rehabilitation
- Directorate General of Social Empowerment
- Directorate General of Poor Management
- Inspectorate General
- Agency for Education, Research and Social Counseling
- Special Advisor on Change and Social Dynamics
- Special Advisor on Social Welfare Technology
- Special Advisor on Social Accessibility
List of ministersEdit
|No||Photo||Name||Cabinet||Took office||Left office||Affiliation||R|
|Adjidarmo Tjokronegoro||Sjahrir I||Socialist Party[b]|
|Maria Ulfah Santoso||Sjahrir II||Non-partisan|
|Rahendra Kusnan||Hatta I||PNI|
|Rahendra Kusnan||Hatta II||PNI|
|Fredericus Soetrisno Harjadi||Natsir||Catholic|
|Ali Sastroamidjojo I|
|Fatah Jasin||Ali Sastroamidjojo II||NU|
|Muljadi Djojomartono||Working I[d]||Masyumi|
|16||Rusiah Sardjono||Working III[f]||Non-partisan|
|Muljadi Djojomartono||Dwikora III||Masyumi|
|17||Albert Mangaratua Tambunan||Ampera I||Parkindo|
|12 December 1970||11 September 1971||NU|
|18||Mohammad Syafa'at Mintaredja||PPP|
|20||Nani Soedarsono||Development IV||Golkar|
|21||Haryati Soebadio||Development V||Golkar|
|22||Endang Kusuma Inten Soeweno||Development VI||Golkar|
|23||Siti Hardijanti Rukmana||Development VII||Golkar|
|24||Justika Baharsjah||Development Reform||Golkar|
|Position abolished during the National Unity Cabinet, merged into the Coordinating Minister of Politics, Social, and Security|
|25||Bachtiar Chamsyah||Mutual Assistance||PPP|
|United Indonesia I|
|26||Salim Assegaf Al Jufri||United Indonesia II||PKS|
|27||Khofifah Indar Parawansa||Working||PKB|||
|29||Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita||Golkar|
- No political party existed during this time.
- It was unclear which party was both into. Most sources mentioned PSI, but PSI hadn't existed yet during this time.
- Also serving concurrently as Minister of Labor.
- As the Junior Minister of Social Affairs. Some sources also mentioned the position as Minister of Social Affairs.
- As the Minister of Social Prosperity
- Renamed to Minister of Social Affairs
- M. Basri (2 September 2020). "Pegawai Kementerian Sosial". Ministry of Social Affairs (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
- Humas Ditjen PFM (21 July 2020). "Alokasi Anggaran Kementerian Sosial tahun 2020 Mengalami Kenaikan Yang Signifikan Menjadi 124,7 Triliun Rupiah Khususnya Untuk Penambahan Anggaran Penanganan COVID-19". Ministry of Social Affairs. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
- "Peraturan Presiden RI Nomor 26 Tahun 2015 tentang Kementerian Sosial". Presidential Decree No. 46 of 2015 (in Indonesian). President of Indonesia.
- M. Ikhsan (22 December 2020). "Tri Rismaharini Succeeded Juliari Batubara as Social Minister". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
- Yulianto, Topan (11 November 2020). Kristanto, Ignatius (ed.). "Kementerian Sosial" [Ministry of Social Affairs]. Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
- Nadlir, Mohammad (9 January 2018). "Khofifah Mundur dari Jabatan Menteri Setelah Penetapan Calon Gubernur Jatim". Kompas.com. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "Idrus Marham Resigns as Social Affairs Minister". medcom.id. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
- Aditya, Arys; Suhartono, Harry (6 December 2020). "Indonesia Replaces Social Affairs Minister After Graft Probe". Bloomberg. Retrieved 22 September 2021.