Trams in Kharkiv

The Kharkiv tram (Ukrainian: Харкiвський трамвай) is part of the public transport system of the second largest city of Ukraine. The tram system has a "Russian Standard" track gauge of 1,524 mm (5 ft). The tram network is built almost exclusively on the streets of Kharkiv, making it a traditional tram system. The network consists almost exclusively of double track. In most parts the tracks are separated from other road traffic, whereas elsewhere tracks lie on lanes that cars and buses may also use.

Kharkiv Tramline
Tatra T3 Kharkiv.jpg
Overview
LocaleKharkiv, Ukraine
Operation
Began operation1906[1]
Operator(s)KP Miskelektrotransservis
KP Saltivske tramvaine depo
Technical
System length232.1 km (144.2 mi)
Track gauge1,524 mm (5 ft)
(1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in) Russian gauge)
System map

Kharkiv Tram System.svg

HistoryEdit

The first 12 carriages, in 1906, were built at Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg AG.[1]

The track width was 1,000 millimeters (the current track width is 1,524 millimeters).[1]

Current timesEdit

In October 2016, extensive sections of the track are in poor condition, even unsafe. Sleepers are rotten in parts, fishplates unbolted, pointwork derelict, some rails have sunk some 8 cm below the road surface, overhead voltage supply is poorly regulated. Speeds are low.

In October 2018, the line beyond Children's Park was back in service, though the track is in poor condition, especially at the balloon loops at the terminus and Children's Park. The line through the city center - previously unused except for specials - now sees regular services, but the line from near Children's Park past the cemetery and down to the valley is not in service. The line to the station is in bad condition. A section between the station and the river has been rebuilt, apparently now omitting any connections to former car barns and/or workshops.

 
Modernized Tatra T3 VPNP

In October 2021 the Stadler Metelitsa tram was making test runs on the Kharkiv tram system.[2][3] On 24 September 2021 acting mayor of Kharkiv Ihor Terekhov stated that his city's tram fleet would be completely renewed in four years.[3]

 
Tatra T6A5 destroyed by russians in the bombardment of the Saltivka depot

Following the start of the ongoing russian assault on Kharkiv since February 24th, 2022 in the invasion of Ukraine all traffic has been suspended on February 28th. The tram depo in Saltivka has been destroyed by Russian bombardment early in March.[4] On May 4th the City Council announced it will be impossible to restore the system as all electrical substations and rolling stock have been destroyed by the enemy.[5]

A number of European cities, including Brno,[6] Ostrava and Prague, have offered to donate surplus tram cars for restoration of the system.

On May 19, 2022, Kharkiv Mayor Ihor Terekhov announced that four light rail lines would restart service, due to the improving security situation in the city.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c (in Russian) Kharkiv tram - from and to (photo), SQ (24 July 2021)
  2. ^ (in Russian) A new Swiss tram will run in Kharkiv, Status Quo (1 October 2021)
  3. ^ a b (in English) Swiss-based Stadler to build two factories in Kharkiv - acting mayor, Interfax-Ukraine (24 September 2021)
  4. ^ "Зруйнований Харків. Кадри розгромленого окупантами трамвайного депо".
  5. ^ "Наслідки "русского мира": у Харкові більше немає трамваїв, метро запустять після війни".
  6. ^ "Brno daruje partnerskému Charkovu šest starších trolejbusů a dvě tramvaje".
  7. ^ Beaubien, Jason (2022-05-19). "Kharkiv's mayor says it's time to move out of the city's subway stations". NPR. Retrieved 2022-05-19.

External linksEdit