Lord of Tonkin
|Spouse||Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Phụng|
Phạm Thị Ngọc Quyền
Ngô Thị Ngọc Uyên
more sons and daughters
|Mother||Vũ Thị Ngọc Lễ|
Trịnh Căn, the son of Trịnh Tạc, ruled Vietnam during a time of peace and general prosperity. He devoted his time to administrative affairs. One of his improvements was to force all government officials to take examinations in order to promote honesty and to remove incapable civil servants. He also reformed the laws and punishments; under Trịnh Căn mutilation was no longer a punishment for crimes, and public gambling was prohibited.
In 1694, the last effective leader of the Lān Xāng federation died. The resulting succession battle caused the federation to collapse. The Vietnamese sent an army into Laos to assert their authority in the area in 1694. After 10 years of conflict with other Lao forces and with Ayutthaya forces under king Phetracha, three weak Lao kingdoms emerged, each of which paid tribute to both Vietnam and Ayutthaya (modern day Thailand). (Note: it is possible, but less likely, that it was a Nguyễn army under Nguyễn Phúc Chu which intervened in Laos).
As far as the Lê dynasty was concerned, the emperor, Lê Hy Tông, was forced to abdicate the throne in 1706. He was replaced by Lê Du Tông.
- Nola Cooke, Tana Li, James Anderson The Tongking Gulf Through History 2011 ISBN 0812243366 Page 130 "In 1683, when Trịnh Căn (r. 1682–1709) was installed as chúa, Tongking experienced another succession crisis.101 In 1697, the chúa's prolonged illness made ..."
- Anh Thư Hà, Hồng Đức Trần A Brief Chronology of Vietnam's History 2000 - Page 146 "As a result, Trịnh Căn was able to focus his efforts on intemal affairs. With the ... In the diplomatic field, Trịnh Căn succeeded in obtaining the retum by the Qing Court of China, but a number of villages still was occupied by the latter. But Trịnh ."
- Anh Tuấan HoÁng Silk for Silver: Dutch-Vietnamese Relations ; 1637–1700 - 2007 - Page 119 ISBN 9004156011 "The Governor-General also requested Chúa Trịnh Căn to deliver no raw silk to the factory.417 In 1686, the bottom dropped out of the Tonkinese raw silk market in Japan because of the change in the regulations on the import and export trade ..."
- Annam and its Minor Currency Chapter 16 (downloaded May 2006)
- A Glimpse of Vietnam's History (downloaded May 2006)
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Lord of Tonkin