Toyota C engine

The Toyota C engine family was a series of inline-4 diesel engines. There were two earlier generations of an engine Toyota named as the "Type C". The first generation was introduced in 1940 as a modification of the Type A engine. This first "Type C" was installed in the Toyota AE. The second generation was the first diesel engine at 1500cc used in the CS20 series 1959 Toyota Crown in October 1959. Japanese market vehicles with diesel engines were exclusive to Toyota Japan dealerships called Toyota Diesel Shop locations from 1979 until the dealership was cancelled in 1988.

CEdit

The original C engine was first introduced on October 11, 1958 in a prototype Crown Diesel (CS20) at the 5th Tokyo Motor Show with sales commencing in October 19 the following year.[1] Derived from the R-series petrol engine, it has a displacement of 1,491 cc and produces 40 PS (29 kW).[2] It was underpowered, and due to the use of the insufficiently strong R-series block it was also not very durable. When the new 3R engine required a re-designed block, Toyota chose to cancel the C engine rather than re-engineer it.[3] Production ended in March 1961,[1] and Toyota chose to focus on the more powerful diesel J engine which appeared in 1964.

Technical specifications:[1]

  • Type:4-stroke Inline 4 cylinder, Swirl Chamber Indirect Injection Diesel
  • Capacity: 1,491 cc
  • Bore: 78 mm
  • Stroke: 78 mm
  • Compression Ratio: 19:1
  • Power: 40 PS (29 kW; 39 hp) at 4000 rpm
  • Torque: 8.5 kg⋅m (83 N⋅m; 61 lb⋅ft) at 2400 rpm

Features at a glanceEdit

Code Capacity (cc) Bore (mm) Stroke (mm) Injection Turbo
1C 1839 83.0 85.0
1C-L 1839 83.0 85.0
1C-LC 1839 83.0 85.0
1C-TL 1839 83.0 85.0 turbo
1C-TLC 1839 83.0 85.0 turbo
2C 1974 86.0 85.0
2C-L 1974 86.0 85.0
2C-E 1974 86.0 85.0 EFI
2C-T 1974 86.0 85.0 turbo
2C-TL 1974 86.0 85.0 turbo
2C-TLC 1974 86.0 85.0 turbo
2C-TE 1974 86.0 85.0 EFI turbo
3C 2184 86 94
3C-E 2184 86 94 EFI
3C-T 2184 86 94 turbo
3C-TE 2184 86 94 EFI turbo

1CEdit

1C
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Layout
Displacement1.8 L (1839 cc)
Cylinder bore83.0 mm
Piston stroke85.0 mm
ValvetrainSOHC
Compression ratio22.5:1 - 23.0:1
Combustion
Fuel typediesel

1C, 1C-L, 1C-LCEdit

The First Generation 1C was first introduced in the seventh generation Corona on January 26, 1982[4] and May 12, 1983 for transversely mounted applications as the 1C-L in the front-wheel drive models of the fifth Generation Corolla.[5] It used a direct drive OHC mechanism that would later be adopted by the L series engine.

Technical specifications(1C/1C-L):

  • Type:Inline 4, Precombustion Chamber Indirect Injection Diesel
  • Fuel injection system:Distributor Type
  • Capacity: 1,839 cc
  • Bore: 83 mm
  • Stroke: 85 mm
  • Compression Ratio: 22.5:1

Applications:

63 PS (46 kW; 62 hp) at 4500 rpm, 11.3 kg⋅m (111 N⋅m; 82 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm (Japan, Gross JIS)

-

65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 4500 rpm, 11.5 kg⋅m (113 N⋅m; 83 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm (Japan, Gross JIS)

1C-IIEdit

The second generation 1C engine updated with a higher compression ratio of 23:1

Applications:

64 PS (47 kW; 63 hp) at 4700 rpm, 12 kg⋅m (118 N⋅m; 87 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

1C-IIIEdit

Uprated version of the 1C-II

Applications:

67 PS (49 kW; 66 hp) at 4700 rpm, 12.5 kg⋅m (123 N⋅m; 90 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

1C-TL, 1C-TLCEdit

Introduced on August 18, 1983 in the V10-series Camry/Vista it is the turbocharged version of the first generation 1C.[20] This model was only installed in the V10-series Camry/Vista . The European model premiered at the 1983 Frankfurt Motor Show and produces 73 PS (54 kW) at 4500 rpm and 145 N⋅m (107 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm.[21]

Applications:

74 PS (54 kW; 73 hp) at 4500 rpm, 14.3 kg⋅m (140 N⋅m; 103 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm (US, Net SAE)

73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) at 4700 rpm, 14.8 kg⋅m (145 N⋅m; 107 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Europe)

80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 4700 rpm, 15.5 kg⋅m (152 N⋅m; 112 lb⋅ft) at 2400 rpm (Japan, Gross JIS)

2CEdit

2C
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Production1983-
Layout
Displacement2.0 L (1974 cc)
Cylinder bore86.0 mm
Piston stroke85.0 mm
ValvetrainSOHC
Compression ratio22.5:1 - 23.0:1
Combustion
Fuel typediesel
Cooling systemwater cooling
Dimensions
Dry weight400 lbs

The 2C was a long running diesel engine, with some models (e.g. Corona, Townace, Liteace) receiving the turbo version 2C-T which provided 65 kW. It was replaced by the more economical 3C-TE in the above models from 1999.

2C, 2C-LEdit

Output:

  • 2C, 2C-L: 73 hp (54 kW) at 4700 rpm, and torque 97 lb·ft (132 N·m) at 3000 rpm

Applications:

68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) at 4500 rpm, 12 kg⋅m (118 N⋅m; 87 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm (Europe, DIN)

72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 4500 rpm, 12.8 kg⋅m (126 N⋅m; 93 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Japan, Gross JIS)

2C-IIEdit

The second generation 2C engine updated with a higher compression ratio of 23:1

Applications:

70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 4600 rpm, 13.1 kg⋅m (128 N⋅m; 95 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Europe, EEC)

70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 4700 rpm, 13 kg⋅m (127 N⋅m; 94 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 4700 rpm, 13.5 kg⋅m (132 N⋅m; 98 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Japan, Gross JIS)

2C-IIIEdit

Uprated version of the 2C-II

Applications:

72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 4600 rpm, 13.4 kg⋅m (131 N⋅m; 97 lb⋅ft) at 2800 rpm (Pakistan, Net SAE)

73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) at 4700 rpm, 13.5 kg⋅m (132 N⋅m; 98 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) at 4700 rpm, 13.5 kg⋅m (132 N⋅m; 98 lb⋅ft) at 2800rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) at 4700 rpm, 13.2 kg⋅m (129 N⋅m; 95 lb⋅ft) at 2800rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) at 4700 rpm, 13.5 kg⋅m (132 N⋅m; 98 lb⋅ft) at 3000rpm (Japan, Net JIS)/(Europe)

73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) at 4700 rpm, 13.2 kg⋅m (129 N⋅m; 95 lb⋅ft) at 2500rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 4600 rpm, 13.4 kg⋅m (131 N⋅m; 97 lb⋅ft) at 2500 rpm (Europe, EEC)

73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) at 4700 rpm, 13.5 kg⋅m (132 N⋅m; 98 lb⋅ft) at 2800rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 4600 rpm, 12.7 kg⋅m (125 N⋅m; 92 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm (Philippines, Net SAE)

2C-EEdit

EFI version of the 2C-III

Applications:

72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 4600 rpm, 16.3 kg⋅m (160 N⋅m; 118 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Europe)

2C-T, 2C-TL, 2C-TLCEdit

Turbocharged version of the 2C engine with a compression ratio of 22.5:1[52]

Applications:

80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 4500 rpm, 16.2 kg⋅m (159 N⋅m; 117 lb⋅ft) at 3000rpm (US, Net SAE)

2C-(II)TEdit

Turbocharged variant of the higher compression 2C-II engine adopting the Ceramic reinforced pistons from the 2LTE series.[52]

Note: Toyota

Applications:

82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 4500 rpm, 16.3 kg⋅m (160 N⋅m; 118 lb⋅ft) at 2400rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

84 PS (62 kW; 83 hp) at 4500 rpm, 16.7 kg⋅m (164 N⋅m; 121 lb⋅ft) at 2400rpm (Europe)

82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 4500 rpm, 16.3 kg⋅m (160 N⋅m; 118 lb⋅ft) at 2400rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 4500 rpm, 16.3 kg⋅m (160 N⋅m; 118 lb⋅ft) at 2400rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) at 4000 rpm, 17 kg⋅m (167 N⋅m; 123 lb⋅ft) at 2400rpm (Japan, Gross JIS)

2C-(III)TEdit

Revised variant of the 2C-(II)T fitted with Diesel Smoke Control System to meet stricter Japanese and Euro 2 emission standards.[56]

Applications:

  • CT220 Avensis 1997-2000 (ex. Europe)

Non Intercooled

82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 4000 rpm, 17.7 kg⋅m (174 N⋅m; 128 lb⋅ft) at 2000rpm (Europe)

88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) at 4000 rpm, 18 kg⋅m (177 N⋅m; 130 lb⋅ft) at 2200rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

Intercooled

91 PS (67 kW; 90 hp) at 4400 rpm, 19.4 kg⋅m (190 N⋅m; 140 lb⋅ft) at 2600rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

2C-TEEdit

EFI variant of the 2C-(III)T adopting electronic throttle control.[61]

Applications:

90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 4000 rpm, 20.7 kg⋅m (203 N⋅m; 150 lb⋅ft) at 2200 rpm (Europe)

3CEdit

3C
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Layout
Displacement2.2 L (2184 cc)
Cylinder bore86.0 mm
Piston stroke94.0 mm
ValvetrainSOHC
Compression ratio22.0:1 - 23.0:1
Combustion
Fuel typediesel

Although having a larger displacement than the 2C-T, the 3C-TE was more economical and powerful at 100 PS. The C series engines were replaced by the CD series in the European market, while Toyota stopped selling diesel non-commercial models in Japan after the 3C-TE.

3C-EEdit

EFI version with compression ratio of 23.0:1

79.0 PS (58.0 kW; 78.0 HP) at 4,400 rpm

Applications:

79 PS (58 kW; 78 hp) at 4400 rpm, 15 kg⋅m (147 N⋅m; 108 lb⋅ft) at 2400 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

3C-TEdit

Turbocharged version with compression ratio of 22.6:1(Non Intercooled) or 20.0:1(Intercooled).

From 88.0 PS (65.0 kW; 87.0 HP) at 4,000 rpm to 91.0 PS (67.0 kW; 90.0 HP) at 4,000 rpm

Applications:

Non Intercooled

91 PS (67 kW; 90 hp) at 4000 rpm, 19.6 kg⋅m (192 N⋅m; 142 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

91 PS (67 kW; 90 hp) at 4000 rpm, 19.8 kg⋅m (194 N⋅m; 143 lb⋅ft) at 2200 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

Intercooled

100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) at 4200 rpm, 22 kg⋅m (216 N⋅m; 159 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

3C-TEEdit

Turbocharged version with EFI with compression ratio of 22.6:1

From 94.0 PS (69.0 kW; 92.0 HP) at 4,400 rpm to 100.0 PS (74.0 kW; 99.0 HP) at 4,200 rpm

Applications:

Non Intercooled

90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 4000 rpm, 20.9 kg⋅m (205 N⋅m; 151 lb⋅ft) at 2000-2400 rpm (Europe)

94 PS (69 kW; 93 hp) at 4000 rpm, 21.0 kg⋅m (206 N⋅m; 152 lb⋅ft) at 2200 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

-

94 PS (69 kW; 93 hp) at 4000 rpm, 21.5 kg⋅m (211 N⋅m; 156 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

-

94 PS (69 kW; 93 hp) at 4000 rpm, 21.0 kg⋅m (206 N⋅m; 152 lb⋅ft) at 2200 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

Intercooled

105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 4200 rpm, 23 kg⋅m (226 N⋅m; 166 lb⋅ft) at 2600 rpm (Japan, Net JIS)

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