Top Spin (ride)

The Top Spin is a thrill ride developed by HUSS Park Attractions and Mondial, and is the generic name for a series of rides from other manufacturers that follow the same principle. The ride consists of a passenger platform suspended between two counterweighted arms. The arms are turned by motors, while the platform typically only has brakes that are engaged and disengaged at various points of the ride cycle. A typical top spin program runs the main arm motors while engaging and disengaging the platform brakes so that it will rotate in exciting ways. The minimum rider height requirement is 54 inches; maximum is 80 inches due to the seat and restraint design. The ride was introduced to the public in 1990 and proved an instant success with European fairgoers.

Kieputin at the Linnanmäki amusement park in Helsinki, Finland.
Tornado at Dunia Fantasi Jakarta (Zamperla Backflash - Suspended Windshear)

Ride experienceEdit

Huss has designed the ride so that park and carnival operators may choose one of eight preset ride "programs." Most last no more than two minutes and consist of several moderate-speed loops, flips, and face-down gondola "hangtime" before unlocking the gondola hydraulics and swinging the riders back and forth. Some Top Spin rides have the added feature of water fountains which are mainly used at the end of the ride sequence soaking the riders as they are slowly lowered face first into the un-escapable water jets. Cycles can be customized to include more intense repetitive flips and also be under manual operator control. A world record was set with over 100 gondola flips during a cycle with a theme park model in Germany.[1]

VariationsEdit

  • The original Topspin concept has two rows of seating with self lowering lap bars and rider spotlights.
  • The Giant Top Spin is a larger version of the Top Spin, seating up to 84 passengers in three rows on the platform. Only one park in the United States featured a Giant Top Spin, The Crypt at Kings Island in Ohio. However, its third row was removed in 2008, reducing the capacity. The ride structure was still larger than any other. It closed after the 2011 season.
  • The Suspended Top Spin is a floorless version of the ride that can hold up to 40 passengers in two rows back to back.
  • The Top Spin 2 is a smaller version of the original, designed for showmen who require a ride that fits onto a single trailer. This version enables the platform to perform almost endless loops. This version tends to have telescoping drum supports to hold the main control arms.[1]

There are also numerous other Top Spin rides that were later developed by other companies as rivals to the Huss versions.

In addition to this, various manufacturers such as Mondial, Moser, Vekoma, and Zamperla make an improved version of the Top Spin where each individual arm is controlled separately; this results in diagonal gondola inversions. Such rides are known by names like "Wind Shear", "Super Loop on Top", "Waikiki Wave Super Flip","Super Nova" and "Discovery".

InstallationsEdit


The Top Spin was once a common ride at travelling funfairs, particularly in Germany. Over time, many of the travelling versions of the ride have been sold to amusement parks. Huss also makes several models of Top Spin specifically for static locations.

 
Worlds of Fun's Thunderhawk about to launch.
Name Park Location Manufacturer Model Opened Status
Apocalipsis Salitre Mágico   Colombia Unknown Unknown Unknown Operating
Aqua Spin Heide Park   Germany Huss Top Spin 1992 Removed
Bat Spin Funfair   Italy Huss Top Spin 2003 Operating
Blast
Formerly Excalibur
Walibi Holland   Netherlands Huss Top Spin 2000 Operating
Buzzsaw
Formerly Screamer
Walibi Belgium   Belgium Huss Top Spin 2001 Operating
Splash Spin Romon U-Park   China Huss Suspended Top Spin 2015 Operating
Cliffhanger Lagoon   United States Mondial Splash Over 2001 Operating
Demon La Ronde   Canada Mondial Roll Over 2014 Operating
Der Twister Six Flags Fiesta Texas   United States Huss Top Spin 1998 Removed
Desorbitados Parque de la Costa   Argentina Preston & Barbieri Suspended Top Spin Unknown Operating
Double Rock Spin Everland   South Korea Huss Suspended Top Spin 2003 Operating
Ekatomb Hopi Hari   Brazil Huss Top Spin Unknown Operating
Estrugensen Xetulul Theme Park   Guatemala Huss Top Spin 2002 Operating
Firefall
Formerly Texas Twister
California's Great America
Geauga Lake
  United States Huss Top Spin 2008
1993 to 2007
Removed
Flying Tornado Jawa Timur Park 1   Indonesia Unknown Top Spin Unknown Operating
Galactic Spin Lihpao Land   Taiwan Huss Top Spin 1998 Operating
Galaxy Twister Galaxyland   Canada Moser's Rides Loop On Top 1995 Removed
Galeon Land of Legends   Turkey Unknown Unknown 2016 Operating
Gantu Top Spin Serengeti Park   Germany Huss Top Spin 2 1995 Operating
GiraVolta
Formerly Top Spin
Miragica
Gardaland
  Italy Huss Top Spin 2015
1993 to 2015
Closed
Hang Time Dorney Park   United States Huss Top Spin 1998 Removed
Hell's Gate Playland   Canada Huss Top Spin 2000 Operating
Huracan Six Flags México   Mexico Vekoma Waikiki Wave Super Flip 1993 Removed
Hurakan Tibidabo   Spain Huss Top Spin 1992 Removed
Hurricane Dream World   Thailand Huss Top Spin Unknown Operating
Kieputin Linnanmäki   Finland Huss Top Spin 1994 Operating
King Chaos Six Flags Great America   United States Huss Top Spin 2004 Removed
King Kahuna Kennywood   United States Huss Top Spin 2003 Removed
King Kong's Spin Beijing Shijingshan Amusement Park   China Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
La Tornade La Ronde   Canada Huss Top Spin 1997 Removed
Lex Luthor's Invertatron Parque Warner Madrid   Spain Huss Top Spin 2002 Operating
Lex Luthor's Invertatron Six Flags New Orleans   United States Zamperla Windshear 2003 Closed
Luna Swing Space World   Japan Vekoma Waikiki Wave Super Flip Unknown Removed
Miner's Revenge Gold Reef City   South Africa Huss Top Spin Unknown Operating
Monster Spin Dragon Park Ha Long   Vietnam Huss Suspended Top Spin 2017 Operating
Montezuma's Revenge Avonturenpark Hellendoorn   Netherlands Huss Top Spin 2 1998 Removed
NYC Transformer
Formerly Riddler's Revenge
Movie Park Germany   Germany Huss Top Spin 1999 Operating
Perfect Storm Happy Valley Shenzhen   China Huss Top Spin 2002 Operating
Perfect Storm Happy Valley Wuhan   China Huss Top Spin 2012 Operating
Quake Kentucky Kingdom   United States Vekoma Waikiki Wave 1992 Removed
Rameses Revenge Chessington World of Adventures   United Kingdom Huss Top Spin 1995 Removed
Rampage Adventure World   Australia Moser's Rides Maverick 2001 Operating
Ripsaw Alton Towers   United Kingdom Huss Top Spin 1997 Removed
Revolution Funfair   Germany Huss Top Spin 1990 Unknown
Revolution Parque de Atracciones de Zaragoza   Spain Atracciones Lorente Top Spin Unknown Operating
Revolution Funfair   Spain Atracciones Lorente Top Spin Unknown Removed
Riptide Canada's Wonderland   Canada Mondial Splash Over 2000 Operating
RipTide Knott's Berry Farm   United States Huss Suspended Top Spin 2004 Removed
RipTide Valleyfair   United States Huss Suspended Top Spin 2005 Removed
Salto Eram Park   Iran Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Shake, Rattle & Roll
Formerly Avalanche
Elitch Gardens   United States Huss Top Spin 1995 Removed
Splash Over Adventureland   United States Moser's Rides Maverick 2006 Removed
Storm Morey's Piers   United States Moser's Rides Super Loop on Top Removed
Talocan Phantasialand   Germany Huss Suspended Top Spin 2007 Operating
Terminator Tir Prince Family Funfair   United Kingdom Moser's Rides Maverick 1993 Removed
Terror Rack Pleasure Island Family Theme Park   United Kingdom Fabbri Tsunami 1998 Removed
The Crypt
Formerly Tomb Raider: Firefall
Kings Dominion   United States Huss Suspended Top Spin 2005 Removed
The Crypt
Formerly Tomb Raider: The Ride
Kings Island   United States Huss Giant Top Spin 2002 Removed
Thor Thunder Spin Ride IMG Worlds Of Adventure   United Arab Emirates Huss Suspended Top Spin 2016 Operating
Thunderhawk Worlds of Fun   United States Huss Top Spin 2002 Removed
Tidal Wave Flamingo Land   United Kingdom Vekoma Waikiki Wave 1993 Removed
Tomb Raider Machine Movieland Park   Italy Zamperla Windshear 2007 Removed
Trojan Horse Happy Valley Beijing   China Huss Top Spin 2006 Operating
TopSpin Liseberg   Sweden Huss Top Spin 1993 Removed
Top Spin Astroland   United States Huss Top Spin 2 2004 Removed
Top Spin Fantasilandia   Chile Huss Top Spin 2004 Operating
Top Spin Vidámpark   Hungary Huss Top Spin 2004 Removed
Top Spin EsselWorld   India Huss Top Spin 2012 Operating
Top Spin Parque de Atracciones de Madrid   Spain Huss Top Spin 1993 Operating
Top Spin Funfair   United States Huss Top Spin 1993 Unknown
Top Spin Myrtle Beach Pavilion   United States Huss Top Spin 2006 Removed
Top Spin Romon U-Park   China Huss Suspended Top Spin 2014 Operating
Top Spin Dreamland   Japan Huss Top Spin 1999 Removed
Top Spin Siam Park City   Thailand Huss Top Spin Unknown Unknown
Top Spin Nagashima Spa Land   Japan Huss Top Spin 1994 Removed
Top Spin BenyLand   Japan Huss Top Spin 2 1995 Removed
Top Spin Dream Park   Egypt Huss Top Spin Unknown Unknown
Top Spin E-World   South Korea Huss Top Spin Unknown Operating
Top Spin Seoul Land   South Korea Huss Top Spin 1997 Operating
Top Spin La Feria de Chapultepec   Mexico Huss Top Spin Unknown Removed
Top Spin Luna Park Tel Aviv   Israel Unknown Unknown Unknown Operating
Top Spin Joyland   Pakistan Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Top Spin FRESH Funfair   Germany Huss Top Spin 1993 Operating
Top Spin FRESH Funfair   France Huss Top Spin 1991 Operating
Top Spin Nº1 Funfair   Germany Huss Top Spin 1990 Operating
Tornado Dunia Fantasi   Indonesia Zamperla Windshear 2007 Operating
Tornado F5 Parque Diversiones   Costa Rica Huss Top Spin 2010 Operating
Tumbling Waves Quancheng Euro Park   China Unknown Top Spin 2014 Operating
Twister Six Flags Darien Lake   United States Huss Top Spin 2000 Removed
Twister Lake Winnepesaukah   United States Moser's Rides Maverick 2016 Operating
Twister Six Flags Great Adventure   United States Huss Top Spin 1999 Operating
Twister Six Flags New England   United States Huss Top Spin 1997 Removed
Twister Harborland Ningbo   China Huss Top Spin Unknown Removed
Vortex Sea World   Australia Huss Suspended Top Spin 2020 Operating
Vortigo Etnaland   Italy Moser's Rides Super Loop on Top 2013 Operating
VooDoo Six Flags Discovery Kingdom   United States Huss Top Spin 1998 Closed
Waikiki Wave Lotte World   South Korea Vekoma Waikiki Wave 1991 Removed
Waterspin Duinrell   Netherlands Huss Top Spin 1996 Operating
Wipeout Dreamworld   Australia Vekoma Waikiki Wave Super Flip 1993 Removed
Yukan Raft Fort Fun Abenteurland   Germany Huss Top Spin 2 2013 Removed

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "107 Flips on Top Spin (onride.de)". YouTube. 2007-09-30. Archived from the original on 2021-12-19. Retrieved 2018-06-17.