Top Spin (ride)
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The Top Spin is a thrill ride developed by HUSS Park Attractions, and is the generic name for a series of rides from other manufacturers that follow the same principle. The ride consists of a passenger platform suspended between two counterweighted arms. The arms are turned by motors, while the platform typically only has brakes that are engaged and disengaged at various points of the ride cycle. A typical top spin program runs the main arm motors while engaging and disengaging the platform brakes so that it will rotate in exciting ways. The minimum rider height requirement is 54 inches; maximum is 80 inches due to the seat and restraint design. The ride was debuted in 1990 with it proving an instant success with European fairgoers.
Huss has designed the ride so that park and carnival operators may choose one of eight preset ride "programs." Most last no more than two minutes and consist of several moderate-speed loops, flips, and face-down gondola "hangtime" before unlocking the gondola hydraulics and swinging the riders back and forth. Some Top Spin rides have the added feature of water fountains which are mainly used at the end of the ride sequence soaking the riders as they are slowly lowered face first into the un-escapable water jets. Cycles can be customized to include more intense repetitive flips and also be under manual operator control. Cycles may tend to be longer at carnivals.[opinion] A world record was set with over 100 gondola flips during a cycle with a theme park model in Germany.
- The original Topspin concept has two rows of seating with self lowering lap bars and rider spotlights.
- The Giant Top Spin is a larger version of the Top Spin, seating 77 passengers in three rows on the platform. Only one park in the United States featured a Giant Top Spin, The Crypt at Kings Island in Ohio. However, its third row was removed in 2008, reducing the capacity. The ride structure was still larger than any other. It closed after the 2011 season.
- The Suspended Top Spin is a floorless version of the ride that can hold 38 passengers in two rows back to back.
- The Top Spin 2 is a smaller version of the original, designed for showmen who require a ride that fits onto a single trailer. This version enables the platform to perform almost endless loops. This version tends to have telescoping drum supports to hold the main control arms.
There are also numerous other Top Spin rides that were later developed by other companies as rivals to the Huss versions.
In addition to this, various manufacturers such as Mondial, Moser, Vekoma, and Zamperla make an improved version of the Top Spin where each individual arm is controlled separately; this results in diagonal gondola inversions. Such rides are known by names like "Wind Shear", "Super Loop on Top", "Waikiki Wave Super Flip","Super Nova" and "Discovery".
The Top Spin was once a common ride at travelling funfairs, particularly in Germany. Over time, many of the travelling versions of the ride have been sold to amusement parks. Huss also makes several models of Top Spin specifically for static locations.
- Desorbitado at Parque de la Costa (Preston's International Suspended top spin)
- Top Spin at Prater
- Buzzsaw/Screamer at Walibi Belgium
- Ekatomb at Hopi Hari
- Top Spin at Fantasilandia
- Apocalipsis at Salitre Mágico
- Costa Rica:
- Tornado F5 at Parque Nacional de Diversiones
- Top Spin at Dream Park
- Kieputin by Linnanmäki
- Top Spin Fresh at Fleur
- NYC Transformer at Movie Park Germany
- Talocan at Phantasialand (Suspended)
- Top Spin at Serengeti Park
- Aqua Spin at Heide Park (Closed 2017)
- Top Spin by Ludewigt
- Top Spin No.1 by Bausch (Prototype)
- Top Spin Fresh by Zehle
- Revolution by Kinzle-Nickel
- Top Spin 2 by Langhoff
- Top Spin 2 by Kollmann
- Top Spin by Scheele
- Yukan Raft at Fort Fun Abenteurland (Top Spin 2)
- Estrugensen at Xetulul, (Retalhuleu)
- Top Spin at Vidámpark
- Essel World at Gorai
- Tornado (Zamperla Suspended Windshear) at Dunia Fantasi Jakarta
- טופ ספין (Top Spin) at Luna Park Tel Aviv
- Salto at Eram Park Tehran
- Luna Swing (Waikiki Wave Super Flip) at Space World, closed 2008
- The Netherlands:
- Top Spin at Joyland, Fortress Stadium, Lahore
- South Africa:
- Miner's Revenge at Gold Reef City
- Top Spin by Buser
- Top Spin at Liseberg
- United Kingdom:
- United States of America:
- Cliffhanger at Lagoon Amusement Park (Mondial Splash Over)
- The Crypt at Kings Dominion (Suspended Top Spin, formerly titled Tomb Raider: Firefall)
- The Crypt at Kings Island (closed 2011, formerly titled Tomb Raider: The Ride) - "The King of Top Spins," the only Giant Top Spin in the world, completely enclosed.
- Der Twister at Six Flags Fiesta Texas(removed during the 2018 season)
- Firefall at California's Great America (Originally the "Texas Twister" at Geauga Lake, the first in North America.; removed from California's Great America during the 2016/2017 off-season)
- King Chaos at Six Flags Great America (known as The Dying Trapeze during Fright Fest; removed at the end of the 2017 season)
- King Kahuna at Kennywood (Opened in re-themed "Volcano Valley" section of the park in 2003; removed in 2009)
- Hangtime at Dorney Park and Wildwater Kingdom (Opened at the park in 1998 and was removed prior to the 2015 season)
- Lex Luthor's Invertatron at Six Flags New Orleans (Zamperla Windshear; opened at the park in 2003 and has been standing but not operating since Hurricane Katrina had devastated the area on August 26th, 2005.)
- Quake (Vekoma Waikiki Wave) at Kentucky Kingdom (closed 2004)
- RipTide at Knott's Berry Farm and Valleyfair (Suspended Top Spin) (Knott's Berry Farm's was removed in 2016)
- Shake, Rattle & Roll at Elitch Gardens (Removed in 2014)
- Space Loop by Wade Shows, Inc. (Fabbri Whiplash)
- Splash Over at Adventureland (Iowa) (Moser's Rides Maverick model)
- Thunderhawk at Worlds of Fun
- Top Spin by Deggeller Attractions
- Top Spin with Happy World Shows
- Top Spin with the Strates Shows railway carnival
- Top Spin at Myrtle Beach Pavilion (Park Closed Sept 30th, 2006)
- Twister at Darien Lake (removed following the 2018 season)
- Twister at Lake Winnepesaukah (Moser's Rides Maverick model; introduced at the park in 2016)
- Twister at Six Flags Great Adventure
- VooDoo at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom (removed around the 2017 season)
- Galeon at Land of Legends
- "107 Flips on Top Spin (onride.de)". YouTube. 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-27. Retrieved 2012-03-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- "Texas Twister". geaugalaketoday.com. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- "Our Rides". Happy World Shows. Retrieved 2017-06-13.