La Ronde (amusement park)

La Ronde (lit.'The Round') is an amusement park located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It was originally built as the entertainment complex for Expo 67, the 1967 World Fair. Today, it is operated by Six Flags, under an emphyteutic lease with the City of Montreal until 2065. In-addition to being the Six Flags chain's northernmost location, La Ronde is the largest amusement park in Quebec and the second-largest in Canada (behind Canada's Wonderland, operated by Cedar Fair).[1]

La Ronde
LocationMontreal, Quebec, Canada
Coordinates45°31′21″N 73°32′06″W / 45.52250°N 73.53500°W / 45.52250; -73.53500
OpenedApril 1967; 56 years ago (1967-04)
OwnerCity of Montreal
Operated bySix Flags
Operating seasonMay–October
Area59 hectares (146 acres)
Roller coasters8
WebsiteLa Ronde

La Ronde occupies 59 hectares (146 acres) of the northern tip of Saint Helen's Island, situated on a man-made extension to the landmass; the park is in the vicinity of where the smaller, adjacent Ronde Island had once been (the origin of the park's name). The park hosts the annual Montreal Fireworks Festival, an international fireworks competition. La Ronde and Frontier City in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma are the only two Six Flags-operated parks not officially-branded as Six Flags parks.

Grounds edit

Entrance to La Ronde in 2017, with a number of amusement rides visible in the background

The Montreal region park is located within the St Lawrence river on Saint Helen's Island, situated atop a man-made extension on its northern tip where the small (water-enclosed) Ronde Island had once been. The former granite Ronde island, which the extension was made around, was destroyed by blasting and the resulting crater it left turned into Dolphin lake, which the park surrounds.[2][3] South of the amusement park is Jean-Drapeau Park, an urban park and former grounds of Expo 67, as well as the Jean-Drapeau Metro station and Montreal Biosphere museum.

Access to the park from Montreal and the South Shore is primarily served by the Jacques Cartier Bridge, or alternatively through Cité du Havre via the Concordia bridge at the island's opposite end. Public transit provides accessibility by means of the island's Metro station with seasonal shuttle bus service to the park.

The amusement park opens to the public from mid-May to late October (with peak season in July). La Ronde closes for the season in the last weekend of October.

History edit

La Ronde during Expo 67. The amusement park was built as an entertainment complex for the world's fair.

In 1967, La Ronde was built as the entertainment complex for Expo 67, the world fair held in Montreal from April 27 to October 29, 1967.[1] The exposition was located on 400 hectares (990 acres) of man-made islands in the St Lawrence River adjacent to Montreal, and comprised six "theme" pavilions, 48 national pavilions, four provincial pavilions, 27 private-industry and institutional pavilions, and La Ronde – a 54 ha (130 acres) entertainment complex with theatres, midway attractions, drinking and dining.[4] The rides, restaurants and beer halls of La Ronde remained open until 2:30 a.m. nightly, after the rest of the Expo site closed down at 10:30 p.m.[5] After Expo 67 World's Fair, the City of Montreal continued to run the amusement park for the next 34 years.[6]

In 1972, the rapid transit train system that served La Ronde, the Expo Express, permanently closed in October. Its terminus station sat right above La Ronde's main entrance, and brought off-island visitors directly to the park during Expo 67 and the early days of Man and His World. Although the transit system has long since been demolished, La Ronde's main entrance is built around the former train station, and an (abandoned) train bridge still sits in the St Lawrence river to the east of the park.

In 1973, on July 8, the drowning deaths of two police officers occurred at La Ronde's Dolphin Lake, after the officers attempted to aid an intoxicated woman who had fallen into the water that night.[7]

In 1979, on July 8, the drowning deaths of three people occurred at La Ronde's Dolphin Lake when "The Mississippi" tour boat, ferrying up to 60 passengers, capsized.[8] Two weeks later, on July 22, a fourth drowning death occurred when a man attempted a swim across Dolphin Lake at late-night, after the park had closed.

In 1980, blue-collar workers at La Ronde's Alcan Aquarium enacted a 41-day strike, refusing to enter the aquarium to feed or care for its dolphins. Abandoned by their trainers, and left to starve in isolation, 3 dolphins died as a result of the neglect. Never recovering from the negativity surrounding the tragic event, the aquarium permanently closed in 1991.[9]

In 1992, the amusement park was used as a backdrop in the Are You Afraid of the Dark? episode "Laughing in the Dark" (season 1, episode 2) and was given the fictional name "Playland". The episode featured the park's giant roller coaster, haunted house with a dragon on the front and its old-fashioned carousel.

In 2001, the City of Montreal sold La Ronde to Six Flags, an American theme park chain, in a deal completed on May 4, 2001. It acquired all of the assets of the park for $20 million USD and has a long-term contract to lease the land from the city. Before the announcement of the Six Flags purchase, the city had considered offers from other bidders including Paramount Parks, Cedar Fair, and Parc Astérix. Since then, Six Flags has invested around $90 million in new rides and improvements,[10] such as Le Vampire, Splash, Le Goliath and Ednör - L'Attaque as well as a new main entrance.

First logo used by La Ronde after its acquisition by Six Flags, from 2001 to 2012

In 2007, La Ronde celebrated its 40th anniversary with Expo 67 themed events commemorating the world fair.[11]

In 2012, a man was struck and killed by "The Vampire" roller-coaster after entering a restricted zone while the ride was operating.[12]

In 2020, after a three-month delay due to the COVID-19 pandemic,[13] La Ronde opened belatedly for its 54th operating season.[14] It closed early for the season too due to the ongoing pandemic.[15] Only a limited number of rides were open during its unprecedented two-month season that only ran from August 3 to October 3, 2020.[16]

Attractions edit

La Ronde holds a number of attractions including live shows and amusement rides. As of 2020, the amusement park had 39 amusement rides including eight roller coasters. One of the park's roller coasters, Le Monstre, a 40-metre (131 ft) holds the record for highest double-tracked roller coaster in the world.[citation needed] During the month of October, the park hosts an annual Fright Fest to celebrate Halloween. The festival has four haunted houses, and many costumed performers who walk around the park. Park admission is free for toddlers under the age of two, accompanied by an adult.

Goliath is one of eight roller coasters at the park. The park's wooden roller coaster, Le Monstre is visible in the foreground.

Roller coasters edit

Name Ride manufacturer Year opened Type or model Thrill level[note 1] Ref(s)
Boomerang Vekoma 1984 Shuttle roller coaster Maximum [17]
Dragon Intamin 1994 Indoor roller coaster Moderate [18]
Ednör - L'Attaque Vekoma 2010 Suspended Looping Coaster Maximum [19]
Goliath Bolliger & Mabillard 2006 Out and back roller coaster Maximum [20]
Le Monstre William Cobb & Associates 1985 Dual-tracked wooden roller coaster Maximum [21]
Toboggan Nordique Zamperla 2003 Wild Mouse roller coaster Moderate [22]
Le Vampire Bolliger & Mabillard 2002 Inverted roller coaster Maximum [23]
Several amusement rides around Dolphin Lake, a body of water at La Ronde
The Vertigo amusement ride in motion. Guests riding Vol Ultime is visible in the background
Tour de Ville is a swing ride at La Ronde

Flat and thrill rides edit

Name Ride manufacturer Year opened Type or model Thrill level[note 1] Ref(s)
Aqua Twist Mack Rides 2013 Twist 'n' Splash teacups Moderate [24]
Autos Tamponneuses RDC Bumper Cars 2003 Bumper cars Moderate [25]
Bateau Pirate HUSS Park Attractions 1988 Pirate ship Maximum [26]
Catapulte[note 2] Ride Entertainment Group 2008 Skycoaster Maximum [27]
Chaos Larson International 2019 Fire Ball Maximum [28]
Condor HUSS Park Attractions 1990 Condor Moderate [29]
Disco Ronde HUSS Park Attractions 1986 Breakdance Moderate [30]
Démon Mondial 2014 Top Spin Maximum [31]
Grand Carrousel Chance Morgan 2003 Carousel Mild [32]
Grande Roue Vekoma 1984 Ferris wheel Mild [33]
Gravitor Chance Rides 2016 Rainbow Moderate [34]
Manitou Zamperla 2003 Nitro Maximum [35]
Orbite S&S – Sansei Technologies 1999 Space Shot Maximum [36]
Sling Shot[note 2] 2002 Reverse Bungee Maximum [37]
Splash Intamin 2004 Log flume Moderate [38]
Titan Zamperla 2017 Giant Discovery frisbee Maximum [39]
Tour de Ville Zamperla 2003 Swing ride Moderate [40]
Tourbillon Larson International 2018 Tilt-A-Whirl Moderate [41]
Vertigo Zamperla 2003 Ranger Maximum [42]
Vol Ultime Funtime 2012 Swing ride Maximum [43]

Children's rides edit

Name Ride manufacturer Year opened Type or model Thrill level[note 1] Ref(s)
Air Papillon Zamperla 2005 Crazy bus Mild [44]
Danse des Bestioles, La Zamperla 2005 Junior jets Mild [45]
Grande Envolée, La Zamperla 1990 Balloon Race Moderate [46]
Joyeux Moussaillons Arrow Dynamics 1967 Rub-A-Dub ride Mild [47]
Marais Enchanté Zamperla 2005 Rockin' Tug Mild [48]
Marche du Mille-pattes Arrow Dynamics 1967 Kiddie Coaster Mild [49]
Monsieur L'Arbre Zamperla 2005 Swing ride Mild [50]
Ourson Fripon Zamperla 2005 Kiddie drop tower Mild [51]
Phoenix Larson International 2016 Flying Scooters Moderate [52]
Pommes d'Api Zamperla 2005 Ballon tower Mild [53]
Tchou Tchou Arrow Dynamics 1967 Train ride Mild [54]

Six Flags changes edit

Entrance to Le Vampire, a roller coaster opened at the park in 2002

In May 2002, La Ronde announced the installation of a Bolliger & Mabillard inverted roller coaster called Le Vampire, which was the first major investment by Six Flags.[55] It is a mirror image of the "Batman – The Ride" roller coasters found at many other Six Flags parks.

In 2003, La Ronde opened six new rides including Auto Tamponneuses, Tour de Ville, Manitou, Vertigo, Grand Carrousel, and Toboggan Nordique. Some existing rides were replaced by these new rides.

In 2004, La Ronde opened Le splash (a Shoot the Chute ride) and SpongeBob 3D.[citation needed]

In May 2006, La Ronde opened its ninth roller coaster, Goliath, a 53-metre (174 ft) high Bolliger & Mabillard mega coaster. It reaches speeds of 110 km/h (68 mph), making it the fourth tallest and the fourth fastest roller coaster in Canada.

In 2006, La Ronde permanently closed the Nintendo Megadome, housed in the former Alcan Aquarium building since 1995. It was a Nintendo-sponsored video game centre with the (then) latest Nintendo video games and attractions. Filling the gap, in 2009 the former 3D theatre housed Nintendo DS and Wii consoles, advertisements and had a Nintendo Store. This attraction too was permanently phased out a few years later.

For the 2007 season, La Ronde painted its observation tower bright orange to advertise Pizza Pizza, an Ontario pizza chain that was emerging into the Quebec market at the time. All of the pizza stands inside the park were renamed from Pizza Ronde to Pizza Pizza.

In January 2009, La Ronde announced its intention to become a Six Flags branded park, using the rights to Warner Bros. (Looney Tunes) and DC Comics trademarks under the licensing agreement with Six Flags.[56] Le Vampire, a mirror image of Batman: The Ride constructed in 2002, carries no association to the Batman media franchise because the licence with Warner Bros. and DC Comics is not valid in unbranded Six Flags parks.[57] It is not yet known whether Le Vampire will be re-branded to Batman: The Ride once the branding of the park commences.

The Serial Thriller, a Vekoma Suspended Looping Coaster that used to be located at the now defunct Six Flags AstroWorld, was shipped to La Ronde from the Great Escape, another Six Flags property where it had laid in storage since 2005. The roller coaster, which opened in 1999 at Six Flags AstroWorld, was installed over the Lac des Dauphins at the park for the 2010 season and is named Ednör - L'Attaque.[58] It features special effects and is themed around an alleged sea monster that was purported to have appeared in the Lac des Dauphins.[59]

On March 9, 2010, La Ronde announced that Terminator X: A Laser Battle for Salvation, an interactive laser-tag attraction themed around the Terminator series, would also be featured in the park for the 2010 season.[60]

On January 19, 2012, Six Flags announced Vol Ultime at La Ronde; it is similar to the SkyScreamers and it is 45-metre (148 ft) tall.[61][62]

The Vol Ultime was opened at the park in 2012.

In 2013, the park opened a water-themed attraction, Aqua Twist. On August 29, 2013, Six Flags announced the addition of Demon, a top spin ride, for the 2014 season.[63] As a world premiere, Goliath was the first roller coaster equipped and exploited with a virtual reality headset.

On August 28, 2014, Six Flags announced Maison Rouge, a haunted house, for the 2015 season.[64]

On September 3, 2015, Six Flags announced Avenue Aventure, a section of the park which includes Bateau Pirate, Condor and two new rides: Phoenix, a Larson flying scooters, and Gravitor, a Chance Falling Star from Six Flags St. Louis.[65]

On September 1, 2016, Six Flags announced Titan, a Zamperla Giant Discovery. It is the park's second pendulum ride. It is identical to the Riddler Revenge at Six Flags Over Texas.

In 2017, Le Monstre had only one track open for mainly the whole season while the other track was retracked.

In May 2017, on its 50th anniversary, La Ronde announced the permanent closure of one of its original rides, La Pitoune. The water log ride dated back to Expo 67, and had its final season in operation in 2016. It has since been dismantled.

On Saturday, May 19, 2018, Six Flags La Ronde opened a platform thrill ride called Le Tourbillon, a Larson International GX5 model (Waltzer-style) Tilt-A-Whirl, residing along L'Avenue across from the Phoenix. This addition was supposed to have been amongst the proposed featured rides for a new family section, called Carnaval En Folie (the newly added ride was due to be named La Torsade).

On May 18, 2019, La Ronde debuted a new ride called Chaos, a Fire Ball ride by Larson International previously known as El Diablo when it was located at Six Flags Great Adventure from 2015 to 2018. After being relocated to La Ronde, its red color was changed to black, and it received new trains. Chaos is located on the former site of Le Moulin de la Sorcière between the rides Manitou and Boomerang.

On August 25, 2019, Super Manège closed. In August 2019, Six Flags announced that Vipère, formerly Green Lantern: First Flight at Six Flags Magic Mountain, would debut in 2020. The project was delayed several times and ultimately cancelled in 2022.

In November 2022, La Ronde began the demolition and removal of the Minirail, another original ride dating back to Expo 67. It had been out of service since 2019, and was the last vestige of the monorail system that ran three separate circuits, with one on Notre-Dame Island and two on opposite ends of Saint Helen's Island.[66]

In May 2023, La Ronde silently retired its Galopant carousel (built in 1885) when it was removed from its official park map and list of rides. Its final season of operation was 2019 (its 19th century music organ stopped working two decades earlier). The carousel has been at La Ronde since Expo 67, but heritage groups are concerned as its upkeep and maintenance have been abandoned and its now in a deteriorating state.

Former attractions edit

A number of attractions and amusement rides have been installed and later removed from the park. They include:

The former Super Manège (1981-2019) at La Ronde. The roller coaster was removed from the park in 2019
The former La Pitoune (1967-2017). The ride was removed in 2018
The park's former monorail, the Minirail (1967-2019), as it passed by the Grande Roue, the park's ferris wheel. The ride was removed in 2022
Name Manufacturer Installation Year Closed Replaced by
Sprung Schanze Mack 1967 1969
Voyage a la Lune Schwarzkopf 1967 1968
Hofbrauhaus (Fun House) Schwarzkopf 1967 1970
Parasols, Les Schwarzkopf 1967 1971
Flitzer 1967 1974
Bobsled Schwarzkopf 1967 1980
Parachutes, Les 1967 1980
Gyrotron Von Roll 1967 1977 Le Monstre
Scooter Schwarzkopf 1967 1982
Calypso 1967 1982
Carroussel (Car Carousel) Hennecke 1967 1983
Trabant Chance Rides 1967 1981
Turbo 1967 1979 Boomerang
Spider 1967 1984 Maelstrom
Grande Roue 1967 1983 Condor
Alcan Aquarium 1967 1991 Nintendo Megadome
Sky Ride / Le Téléférique Von Roll 1967 1996 Dragon
Mont Blanc Reverchon 1967 2000
Bagnoles, Les (Antique Cars) Arrow 1967 2004 Air Papillon
Pitoune, La Arrow Dynamics 1967 2017
Spirale [note 3] Von Roll Holding 1967 2018
Minirail Maschinen, Fabeiv 1967 2019
Galopant, Le [note 4] Bairolle 1967 2019
Montagnes Russes, Les Schwarzkopf 1968 1984 Le Monstre
Super Himalaya Mack 1968 1985
Flight to Mars Schwarzkopf 1969 1970
Matterhorn Mack 1969 1974
Bousclade, La Eli-Bridge 1969 1976
Petites Avions Herschell 1969 1990
Moulin de la Sorcière, Le Pinfari 1969 2004 Chaos
Astronet Hampton 1970 1983
Mini Patrouille Hampton 1970 1983
Saut, Le Mack 1971 1971
Tornade, La Watkins 1971 1973
Brasserie du Rire (Fun House) 1971 1974
Saturne VI Portable-Rides-Inc. 1972 1973
Course, La Zierer 1972 1976
Tourbillon, Le Hrubetz 1972 1983
Rotor, Le Chance Rides 1972 1987 Astronef
Zipper Chance Rides 1970 1980
Tilt-a-Whirl Sellner 1974 1978
Disco Dome Eli-Bridge 1977 1984
Cinema 180 1978 1984
Salem Aleikium (Fun House) 1978 1985 Le Monstre
Mont Blanc, Le Reverchon 1978 2000
Troika / Diablo HUSS Maschinenfabrik 1978 2003 Le Splash
Super Manège Vekoma Rides 1981 2019
Entreprise HUSS Maschinenfabrik 1982 1988
Arc en ciel HUSS Maschinenfabrik 1983 1987 Bateau pirate
Autos Tamponneuses, Les Reverchon 1983 2002 Le Toboggan Nordique
Carrousel Volant Zierer 1983
Astrobolides, Les Sartori 1984 2004 Le Marais Enchanté
Petite Roue, La Sartori 1984 2004 Pommes D'api
Chat et la Souris, Le Sartori 1984 2004 La Danse des Bestioles
Astronef (Sky Flyer) Vekoma 1985 2002 Le Manitou
Palais des Glaces, Le 1985 2003 Le Splash
Twister, Le Heintz Fahtze 1985 2008 Phoenix
Maëlstrom Mack 1985 2008 Zone du bonhier Coca-Cola
Aqua-parc 1985 1992 Vampire
Tapis Volant, Le Zierer 1986 2002 Les Autos Tamponneuses
OVNI HUSS Maschinenfabrik 1986 2006 Démon
Mini Rallye Sartori 1993 2004 Monsieur l'Arbre
Hydroid '94 (Sub-Oceanic Shuttle) Iwerks 1994 1995 Volcanozor (Dino Island II)
Volcanozor (Dino Island II) Iwerks 1995 2004 SpongeBob 3D
Nintendo Megadome 1995 2006
Cobra Intamin 1995 2016
Tornade, La HUSS Maschinenfabrik 1997 2010
Rock Wall 2001 2010 Aqua Twist
Eurobungy 2002 2011 Gravitor
Tasses Magiques Zamperla 2003 2009 Ednör – L'Attaque
SpongeBob 3D Iwerks 2004 2007 Experience Nintendo
Experience Nintendo (Cyberzone) Ubisoft, Nintendo 2008 2011 Season pass processing center
The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor Sudden Impact! Entertainment Company (SIEC) 2009 2009 Terminator X: A Laser Battle for Salvation
Terminator X: A Laser Battle for Salvation Sudden Impact! Entertainment Company (SIEC) 2010 2010
Maison Rouge (Haunted House) [note 5] ACME-Services-Sceniques 2015 2017

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c As described by the park
  2. ^ a b Use of the following attraction is not included in the park's admission fee, and requires an additional fee for guests to use.
  3. ^ Ride retired, however structure remains.
  4. ^ Ride retired, however currently remains on site
  5. ^ Attraction retired, however structure remains.

References edit

  1. ^ a b "EXPO 67: THEN AND NOW – Tourisme Montréal Blog". 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  2. ^ "Expo 67 La Ronde". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  3. ^ "La Ronde | World's Fair Treasury".
  4. ^ Brown, Thomas C. "Music at Expo 67". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  5. ^ "1967: Expo 67 dazzles at night on opening day – CBC Archives". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  6. ^ "La Ronde Amusement Park in Montreal – Attractions | Frommer's". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  7. ^ "Why July 8 is a bad time to go swimming near la Ronde".
  8. ^ "History Through Our Eyes: July 8, 1979, Drownings at la Ronde".
  9. ^ "How Montreal Basically Murdered a Bunch of Dolphins - MTL Blog".
  10. ^ "Six Flags invests around 90 million dollars in new rides and improvements". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2010-03-15.[dead link]
  11. ^ Hustak, Alan (May 4, 2007). "Spirit of Drapeau makes appearance to launch La Ronde's 40th season". The Gazette.
  12. ^ Roller-coaster hits and kills worker at Montreal's La Ronde CBC
  13. ^ "BRIEF-Six Flags Entertainment Says Made Decision To Delay Opening Or Temporarily Suspend Operations For Certain Parks In Response To Coronavirus Outbreak". Reuters. March 13, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  14. ^ "La Ronde is postponing its opening next month". April 2, 2020. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  15. ^ "La Ronde ferme pour 2020". 30 September 2020.
  16. ^ "Coronavirus: La Ronde officially opens its doors to season-pass holders". July 24, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  17. ^ "Boomerang - La Ronde (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  18. ^ "Dragon - La Ronde (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  19. ^ "Ednör - L'Attaque - La Ronde (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  20. ^ "Goliath - La Ronde (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  21. ^ "Monstre - La Ronde (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  22. ^ "Toboggan Nordique - La Ronde (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Vampire - La Ronde (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  24. ^ "Aqua Twist". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Autos Tamponneuses". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  26. ^ "Bateau Pirate". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  27. ^ "Catapulte". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  28. ^ "Chaos". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  29. ^ "Condor". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  30. ^ "Disco Ronde". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  31. ^ "Démon". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  32. ^ "Grand Carrousel". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  33. ^ "Grande Roue". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  34. ^ "Gravitor". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  35. ^ "Manitou". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  36. ^ "Orbite". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  37. ^ "Sling Shot". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  38. ^ "Splash". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  39. ^ "Titan". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  40. ^ "Tour de Ville". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  41. ^ "New in 2018 at La Ronde". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  42. ^ "Vertigo". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  43. ^ "Vol Ultime". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  44. ^ "Air Papillon". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  45. ^ "La Danse des Bestioles". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  46. ^ "La Grande Envolée". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  47. ^ "Joyeux Moussaillons". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  48. ^ "Marais Enchanté". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  49. ^ "Marche du Mille-pattes - La Ronde (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  50. ^ "Monsieur L'Arbre". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  51. ^ "Ourson Fripon". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  52. ^ "Phoenix". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  53. ^ "Pommes d'Api". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  54. ^ "Tchou Tchou". Six Flags. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  55. ^ "Vampire – La Ronde (Montréal, Québec, Canada)". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
  56. ^ Cloutier, Laurier. "La Ronde prend le virage famille" (in French). La Presse. Archived from the original on 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2009-07-30.
  57. ^ "Montreal-based theme park". Amusement Business Communications, Inc. 115 (9): 6. March 3, 2003. ISSN 0003-2344.
  58. ^ La Ronde. "Ednör L'attaque". La Ronde. Archived from the original on 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
  59. ^ La Ronde. "La Ronde unveils fast new roller-coaster". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on 2010-04-18. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
  60. ^ La Ronde. "Terminator X, the ultimate laser battle at La Ronde!". La Ronde. Archived from the original on 2010-06-07. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
  61. ^ "Vol Ultime". La Ronde. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
  62. ^ La Ronde (January 19, 2012). "La Ronde will set the limit in 2012 with its upcoming new extreme tower ride" (PDF). Press Release. Six Flags. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
  63. ^ "New for 2014". August 29, 2013. Archived from the original on September 1, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  64. ^ "New for 2015". August 28, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  65. ^ "New for2016". September 3, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
  66. ^ Teisceira-Lessard, Philippe (15 November 2022). "La Ronde: Le Minirail d'Expo 67 à la casse". La Presse.

External links edit