Tongaat (Zulu: oThongathi) is a town in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Durban and 28 kilometres (17 mi) south of Stanger. It now forms part of eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality, or Greater Durban area. Its population is mostly people of Indian descent. The area is home to the oldest Indian community in South Africa, having been where the first indentured Indian laborers settled in 1860 to work in the sugar-cane plantations. Much of the architectural style in the town was the work of Ivan Mitford-Barberton, and many buildings are in the Cape Dutch style of architecture.
Aerial view of Tongaat
|• Total||11.72 km2 (4.53 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,600/km2 (9,400/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||41.1%|
|First languages (2011)|
|• S. Ndebele||1.0%|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
Tongaat was established in 1945 and its name was taken from the name of the river which passes by the town:The name of the river, derived from Zulu, is said to mean
'it is important to us' or 'you are important because of us', referring to legends involving reaction to a denigrating remark in the first instance, and to Shaka's magnanimous view of a tribe he had just made subservient to him
In 2017 plans were made for the restoration of the historic railway station building.
Places of worshipEdit
- Railway Street Mosque.[a]
- The Habibia Soofie Musjid in Gandhi's Hill, which is over 100 years old.[b]
- The Anglican church of All Saints can be found in the historic Tongaat Sugar Company village of Maidstone.[c]
- St. John's Anglican Church in Hambanathi.[d]
- Apostolic Faith Mission of South Africa Church in High Street.[e]
- Tongaat Baptist Church in Buffelsdale.[f]
- Sacred Heart Catholic Church, Sundial.[g]
- The Tongaat South Methodist Church, which was opened on 26 September 1979.[h]
- Westbrook Methodist Church.[i]
Evangelical Lutheran church opened in 10 September 2018
- The Jugannath Puri Temple which is a provincial heritage site was built in 1901 by Pandit Shrikishan Maharaj.[j]
- Sri Siva Soobramaniar Temple also known as the Brake Village Temple in Hospital Hill Road, Brake Village[k] hosts South Africa's largest Kavadi Attam festival,
- The Vishwaroop Temple and Dharmashala was established in 1903. The temple hall is named after Gopal Krishna Gokhale who visited Tongaat and the temple during his visit to South Africa on advice from Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.[l]
- Tongaat South Vishnu Temple in Marigold Place, Chelmsford[m]
- Shree Veeraboga Emperumal Temple at 483 Gopalall Hurbans Road, Gandhis Hill[n]
- Sandfields Siva Subramaniar Temple[o]
- Ahmed Amla, cricketer
- Ansuyah Ratipul Singh, medical doctor and writer is commemorated with a statue in the Amanzinyama Gardens located at .
- Cecil Pullan, cricketer
- Colin Munro, cricketer
- Hashim Amla, cricketer
- Katharine Saunders, botanical illustrator
- Prenelan Subrayen, cricketer
- Quarraisha Abdool Karim, scientist was born here in 1960.
- Thandeka Zulu, actress and musician
- Thomas Hassall, Australian politician
- Two-Boys Gumede, footballer
- Andile Masinga, volleyball player
Notes and referencesEdit
- Railway Street Mosque is located at
- The Habibia Soofie Musjid is located at
- All Saints Church, Maidstone is located at
- St. John's Anglican Church is located at
- The AFM church is located at
- Tongaat Baptist Church is located at
- The Sacred Heart church is located at
- Methodist Church in Chelmsford Heights is located at
- Westbrook Methodist Church is located at
- The Jugannath Puri Temple is located at
- Brake Village Temple is located at
- The Vishwaroop Temple is located at
- Tongaat South Vishnu Temple is located at
- Shree Veeraboga Emperumal Temple is located at
- Sandfields Siva Subramaniar Temple is located at
- "Main Place Tongaat". Census 2011.
- "More name changes". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
- Watson 1960, p. 76, Ch 6.
- Watson 1960, p. 200.
- Raper 1989, p. 433.
- Hitchcock, Lynn (26 January 2017). "Former railway station revamp proposed". News24. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
- Chalmin 1990, p. 544.
- "Howiesons Poort may prove humans were 'home bodies' 58,000 years ago". businesslive.co.za. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
- "Local boy rewrites human history". North Coast Courier. 4 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
- Troskie, Allan (12 August 2017). "Sibudu rock shelter set for heritage status?". North Coast Courier. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
- Mngoma, Nosipho (15 April 2016). "Alien wars in Durban cave". Daily News. Durban. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
- Harrison 2004, p. 81.
- "Dr Ansuyah Ratipul Singh". South African History Online. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
- Retief, Hanlie (7 February 2016). "Amla: man in the moment". CityPress. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- "Tongaat Primary- 96 years of heritage". Phoenix Sun. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- Oppenheimer & Bayer 2007, p. 247.
- Chalmin, Philippe (1990). The Making of a Sugar Giant: Tate and Lyle, 1859-1989. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-3-7186-0434-0.
- Harrison, Philip (2004). South Africa's Top Sites: Spiritual. New Africa Books. ISBN 978-0-86486-564-9.
- Oppenheimer, Gerald M.; Bayer, Ronald (2007). Shattered Dreams: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-530730-6.
- Raper, P. E. (1989). Dictionary of Southern African Place Names. J. Ball. ISBN 978-0-947464-04-2.
- Watson, Robert George Theodor (1960). Tongaati: An African Experiment. Hutchinson.
- Hale, Emiline (1928). The thrills of Tiny Tongaat. Religious Tract Society.
- Reddy, E (1977). Religion and Rituals Amongst Hindus in Tongaat. University of Durban-Westville, Department of Anthropology.
- Petraglia, Michael D.; de la Peña, Paloma; Wadley, Lyn (2017). "Technological variability at Sibudu Cave: The end of Howiesons Poort and reduced mobility strategies after 62,000 years ago". PLOS ONE. 12 (10): e0185845. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0185845. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 5628897.