Tongaat

Tongaat (Zulu: oThongathi[2]) is a town in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Durban and 28 kilometres (17 mi) south of Stanger. It now forms part of eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality, or Greater Durban area. Its population is mostly people of Indian descent. The area is home to the oldest Indian community in South Africa, having been where the first indentured Indian laborers settled in 1860 to work in the sugar-cane plantations.[3] Much of the architectural style in the town was the work of Ivan Mitford-Barberton,[4] and many buildings are in the Cape Dutch style of architecture.

Tongaat
Aerial view of Tongaat
Aerial view of Tongaat
Tongaat is located in KwaZulu-Natal
Tongaat
Tongaat
Tongaat is located in South Africa
Tongaat
Tongaat
Coordinates: 29°34′00″S 31°07′00″E / 29.56667°S 31.11667°E / -29.56667; 31.11667Coordinates: 29°34′00″S 31°07′00″E / 29.56667°S 31.11667°E / -29.56667; 31.11667
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceKwaZulu-Natal
MunicipalityeThekwini
Area
 • Total11.72 km2 (4.53 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total42,554
 • Density3,600/km2 (9,400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African41.1%
 • Coloured1.2%
 • Indian/Asian56.7%
 • White0.4%
 • Other0.5%
First languages (2011)
 • English59.3%
 • Zulu32.3%
 • Xhosa3.6%
 • S. Ndebele1.0%
 • Other3.8%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
4399
PO box
4400
Area code032

HistoryEdit

Tongaat was established in 1945 and its name was taken from the name of the river which passes by the town:The name of the river, derived from Zulu, is said to mean

'it is important to us' or 'you are important because of us', referring to legends involving reaction to a denigrating remark in the first instance, and to Shaka's magnanimous view of a tribe he had just made subservient to him[5]

In 2017 plans were made for the restoration of the historic railway station building.[6]

CommerceEdit

The town is home to the headquarters of Tongaat Hulett Sugar.[7] Maidstone Sugar Mill, one of the country's first mills, completed in 1850 is nearby.

Sibudu CaveEdit

Sibudu Cave, a cave shelter on the Tongaat River is an important Middle Stone Age site occupied, with some gaps, from 77,000 years ago to 38,000 years ago.[8][9][10][11]m

SchoolsEdit

Places of worshipEdit

MosquesEdit

  • Railway Street Mosque.[a]
  • The Habibia Soofie Musjid in Gandhi's Hill, which is over 100 years old.[b]

ChurchesEdit

Evangelical Lutheran church opened in 10 September 2018

TemplesEdit

  • The Jugannath Puri Temple which is a provincial heritage site was built in 1901 by Pandit Shrikishan Maharaj.[j]
  • Sri Siva Soobramaniar Temple also known as the Brake Village Temple in Hospital Hill Road, Brake Village[k] hosts South Africa's largest Kavadi Attam festival,[12]
  • The Vishwaroop Temple and Dharmashala was established in 1903. The temple hall is named after Gopal Krishna Gokhale who visited Tongaat and the temple during his visit to South Africa on advice from Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.[l]
  • Tongaat South Vishnu Temple in Marigold Place, Chelmsford[m]
  • Shree Veeraboga Emperumal Temple at 483 Gopalall Hurbans Road, Gandhis Hill[n]
  • Sandfields Siva Subramaniar Temple[o]

Notable peopleEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Railway Street Mosque is located at 29°34′16″S 31°07′07″E / 29.571111°S 31.118506°E / -29.571111; 31.118506
  2. ^ The Habibia Soofie Musjid is located at 29°33′54″S 31°07′10″E / 29.565127°S 31.119413°E / -29.565127; 31.119413
  3. ^ All Saints Church, Maidstone is located at 29°32′38″S 31°08′13″E / 29.544015°S 31.136883°E / -29.544015; 31.136883
  4. ^ St. John's Anglican Church is located at 29°33′14″S 31°07′23″E / 29.553927°S 31.123011°E / -29.553927; 31.123011
  5. ^ The AFM church is located at29°34′26″S 31°07′05″E / 29.573789°S 31.118044°E / -29.573789; 31.118044
  6. ^ Tongaat Baptist Church is located at 29°34′43″S 31°05′48″E / 29.578487°S 31.096609°E / -29.578487; 31.096609
  7. ^ The Sacred Heart church is located at29°33′25″S 31°07′36″E / 29.556992°S 31.126747°E / -29.556992; 31.126747
  8. ^ Methodist Church in Chelmsford Heights is located at 29°35′00″S 31°05′54″E / 29.583419°S 31.098256°E / -29.583419; 31.098256
  9. ^ Westbrook Methodist Church is located at 29°35′37″S 31°09′48″E / 29.593612°S 31.163317°E / -29.593612; 31.163317
  10. ^ The Jugannath Puri Temple is located at 29°34′30″S 31°06′40″E / 29.574978°S 31.111199°E / -29.574978; 31.111199
  11. ^ Brake Village Temple is located at 29°34′32″S 31°07′14″E / 29.575437°S 31.120452°E / -29.575437; 31.120452
  12. ^ The Vishwaroop Temple is located at 29°34′28″S 31°06′38″E / 29.574494°S 31.110447°E / -29.574494; 31.110447
  13. ^ Tongaat South Vishnu Temple is located at 29°34′48″S 31°05′57″E / 29.580116°S 31.099204°E / -29.580116; 31.099204
  14. ^ Shree Veeraboga Emperumal Temple is located at 29°33′46″S 31°07′18″E / 29.562832°S 31.121659°E / -29.562832; 31.121659
  15. ^ Sandfields Siva Subramaniar Temple is located at 29°32′27″S 31°08′27″E / 29.540963°S 31.140891°E / -29.540963; 31.140891

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Tongaat". Census 2011.
  2. ^ "More name changes". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
  3. ^ Watson 1960, p. 76, Ch 6.
  4. ^ Watson 1960, p. 200.
  5. ^ Raper 1989, p. 433.
  6. ^ Hitchcock, Lynn (26 January 2017). "Former railway station revamp proposed". News24. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  7. ^ Chalmin 1990, p. 544.
  8. ^ "Howiesons Poort may prove humans were 'home bodies' 58,000 years ago". businesslive.co.za. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  9. ^ "Local boy rewrites human history". North Coast Courier. 4 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  10. ^ Troskie, Allan (12 August 2017). "Sibudu rock shelter set for heritage status?". North Coast Courier. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  11. ^ Mngoma, Nosipho (15 April 2016). "Alien wars in Durban cave". Daily News. Durban. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  12. ^ Harrison 2004, p. 81.
  13. ^ "Dr Ansuyah Ratipul Singh". South African History Online. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  14. ^ Retief, Hanlie (7 February 2016). "Amla: man in the moment". CityPress. Retrieved 15 July 2019. a
  15. ^ "Tongaat Primary- 96 years of heritage". Phoenix Sun. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  16. ^ Oppenheimer & Bayer 2007, p. 247.

SourcesEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit