Hashim Mohammad Amla OIS (born 31 March 1983) is a South African International cricketer who plays for South Africa in all three formats of the game, widely regarded as one of the greatest modern-day batsmen.  He is a right-handed batsman, and has the record of the highest individual test score for any South African Batsman of 311* against England at Kia Oval, London in July 2012. Amla is an occasional off-break bowler and was South Africa's Test captain from June 2014 to January 2016.
Amla training with South Africa in 2009.
|Full name||Hashim Mohammad Amla|
31 March 1983|
|Height||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|Relations||Ahmed Amla (brother)|
|Test debut (cap 295)||28 November 2004 v India|
|Last Test||20 July 2018 v Sri Lanka|
|ODI debut (cap 90)||9 March 2008 v Bangladesh|
|Last ODI||12 August 2018 v Sri Lanka|
|ODI shirt no.||1|
|T20I debut (cap 38)||13 January 2009 v Australia|
|Last T20I||14 August 2018 v Sri Lanka|
|Domestic team information|
|1999–2013||KwaZulu Natal Dolphins (squad no. 1)|
|2013–present||Cape Cobras (squad no. 1)|
|2016–2017||Kings XI Punjab (squad no. 1)|
|2016–2017||Trinbago Knight Riders (squad no. 1)|
|2018||Hampshire (squad no. 99)|
|2018–present||Barbados Tridents (squad no. 1)|
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 20 September 2018
In January 2011, Amla became the fastest cricketer to reach 2,000 runs in ODIs, in his 40th ODI innings. He became the first South African to score a Test match triple century when he scored 311 not out against England in 2012. In the 57th innings of his ODI career, Amla became the fastest batsman to score 3,000 ODI runs, requiring 12 innings fewer than Sir Vivian Richards, and also became the fastest cricketer to reach 10 ODI centuries. On 8 December 2013, he became the fastest batsman to score 4,000 ODI runs, requiring 8 innings fewer than Richards.
In 2014, he became the fastest cricketer to reach 15 centuries in ODIs in his 86th innings. In the same year he became the fastest cricketer to reach 16 centuries in ODIs in his 94th inning and fastest cricketer to 17 centuries in ODIs in his 98th innings. He scored 5 hundreds in ODIs in 2014. On 16 January 2015 against West Indies he became the fastest to reach 5,000 runs in ODIs in his 101st innings. On 18 January 2015 he became the fastest cricketer to 18 centuries in ODIs in his 102nd inning. On 3 March 2015 he became the fastest cricketer to reach 20 centuries in ODIs in his 108th inning.
He has scored ODI centuries against all Test playing countries and only the fourth person to do so. He was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 2013. In 2017, he scored 2 centuries in IPL, playing for Kings XI Punjab. He became fastest player to score 7,000 runs in ODIs. On 3rd June 2017, he became the fastest cricketer to 25 ODI centuries. He also became the fastest batsman to score 26 ODI hundred.
Born to a South African Muslim Ansari family which has its roots in Gujarat, India, Amla is a devout Muslim. He was reared in a middle-class home and sent to the highly regarded Durban High School, which is the alma mater of Lance Klusener and Barry Richards. His elder brother, Ahmed Amla, was a professional cricketer. Ahmed made his debut two years earlier than Hashim, and they played together for a time at the Dolphins. Hashim married Sumaiyah and they have two children, a son born in 2012 and the second in 2013.
Upon graduating from Durban High School and impressing on the youth circuit, Amla made his debut for his provincial team, the KwaZulu Natal Dolphins, soon captaining South Africa at the 2002 Under-19 Cricket World Cup in New Zealand, leading his team to the final. During his formative years, former Western Province captain and coach Hylton Ackerman had been influential in Amla's development, first spotting his talent and honing his skills during his coaching career. His promise led him to being appointed captain of KwaZulu-Natal at the young age of 21. Amla was cited as a future captain of South Africa ever since his first-class years. Amla moved from the Dolphins to Cape Cobras in 2013.
Caribbean Premier LeagueEdit
Indian Premier LeagueEdit
Amla was picked in 2016 by the Kings XI Punjab as a replacement for Shaun Marsh, after the latter's injury. Since then, he has proved to be an integral part of the team's batting lineup. He has scored 577 runs in 16 matches, which included two centuries and three half-centuries. In 2018 IPL auction Amla went unsold in spite of making 577 runs with 2 centuries at an average of 44.38.
Upon being appointed captain of the Dolphins, Amla began the 2004–2005 Indian domestic season by scoring four centuries during his first eight innings. His success at the domestic level and consistent performances for the South Africa A squad led to him being chosen for the winter 2004 tour of africa at the age of 21, thereby becoming the first South African of Indian descent to represent South Africa in international cricket.
Making his debut in Eden Gardens, Kolkata, on 28 November 2004, he initially made a slow start to his career, with his technique having been criticized after scoring 36 runs in the 2004 series against England. After honing his technique and working on his skills with the Dolphins, for whom he regularly top-scored in the South African domestic circuit, he proved his critics wrong in 2006 as he scored a comeback 149 against New Zealand at Newlands, Cape Town, helping guide South Africa to a match-saving draw. He subsequently continued this success, earning a national contract and scoring 1599 runs at an average of 57.10 in his next 19 Tests, solidifying his position as South Africa's number 3 batsman. On 27 March 2008, he scored an unbeaten 159 against India in Chennai amidst searing conditions. His success throughout the 2008 year, in which he scored 1012 runs, consisted of numerous centuries and solid performances against India, England and Australia. During South Africa's 2009 tour of Australia, Amla helped South Africa win a historic Test and one day series victory over Australia, scoring 259 runs at an average of 51.80 during the Tests and contributing crucial scores in the one day series, including a match-winning 80 in the series clincher.
Amla has had four spells playing county cricket in England, for Essex in 2009, Nottinghamshire in 2010, Surrey in 2013 and Derbyshire in 2015. In April 2009, he was signed by Essex as their overseas player for a portion of the 2009 English county season, as a short-term replacement for Danish Kaneria. During his stay at the club, he scored two centuries in two Championship matches, including a match-saving 181 on his debut, the highest score by an Essex debutant, as well as 111 runs off 107 in his first Pro40 match, against Sussex. Essex fans had warmed to him throughout his stay, affectionately calling him "W.G" in reference to W.G. Grace.
During England's 2009–2010 tour of South Africa, Amla was an integral member of the side throughout the series, scoring a crucial century in the first Test at Centurion and contributing important innings during the rest of the series. His performances saw him move up the ICC Test Batting rankings.
Amla started 2010 in February against India in a two-match test series against India in India. In the first test he scored 253* as South Africa reached 558. After this a superb bowling performance from Dale Steyn meant that India were bowled out for 233 with Steyn bagging seven wickets. India forced to follow-on were bowled out for 319 as South Africa won by an innings and six runs. In the second test match Amla made 114 before being caught by MS Dhoni. Despite Amla's century the remaining South African batting order could only manage 296. India batted and scored 643 with centuries from Virender Sehwag, Sachin Tendulkar, VVS Laxman and MS Dhoni. The South African chase collapsed poorly but Amla still managed another century scoring 123* as South Africa were bowled out for 290 and crashed to an innings defeat. After this Amla toured the West Indies for 5 ODIs and three test matches. Amla top scored in the first ODI with 102 as South Africa coasted to a comfortable victory. He followed this up with 92 in the second ODI as South Africa again sealed a 17 run victory. In the third ODI, Amla scored 30, but in the fourth ODI he returned with a century by scoring 129 off 115 balls. He made 45 in the fifth and final ODI before he was run-out by Kieron Pollard as South Africa won narrowly by one wicket.
The three match test series was one where Amla performed consistently but didn't register any centuries, he top scored with 44. The first test was a poor one for Amla scoring 2 and 5 as South Africa still won comfortably. In the following test he scored 44 and 41 as the match was drawn, he scored 5 and 25 in the final test match as South Africa won by seven wickets.
In the three match ODI series against Zimbabwe, Amla scored 110 as South Africa gave Zimbabwe 351 to win and South Africa won the match by 64 runs. The second ODI saw Amla score 110 as South Africa cruised to an 8 wicket victory and sealed the three match series with one game to spare. Amla had a quiet final ODI scoring 24 as South Africa won by 264 runs.
Amla went into a five-match ODI series against Pakistan on the back of good form and in the first ODI managed 35 as South Africa won by 8 wickets. Amla scored a quickfire half century in the second ODI before being given leg-before to a Shahid Afridi leg-break, despite this good knock from Amla and 286 from South Africa, they couldn't win the match courtesy of a superb century by Abdul Razzaq scoring 109 off just 73 balls. In the third ODI Amla scored 119* as the rest of the South African order collapsed around him and the team only managed 228, however South Africa won the match by just two runs courtesy of some superb death bowling yorkers from Rusty Theron.
Following these excellent performances in the ODI format Amla was selected in the 12-man Twenty20 squad against India, at the Moses Mabhida Stadium. He was selected in place of opener Loots Bosman. The most significant thing about the match before it started or ended was that it was the final match of Makhaya Ntini. He is one of the greatest personality in modern cricketing world.
During the Proteas tour of England, he scored the highest ever test score by a South African and the country's first triple century while playing in the 1st Test at The Oval. He scored 311 not out in a man of the match performance, as South Africa defeated England by an innings and 12 runs. He then scored his 16th Test century in the 2nd innings of the 3rd Test at Lords, as South Africa beat England by 51 runs to clinch the series by 2–0, and ascend to top of the ICC test rankings. He was South Africa's man of the series, and during the ODI series that followed he scored a career-best 150 (from 124 balls) in the 2nd match against England at Southampton.
They then toured to Australia, where Amla scored 104, and shared a 165 run 3rd wicket partnership with Jacques Kallis in the 1st Test at The Gabba,. Amla and Kallis are the most prolific partnership in South Africa's test match history. In the 3rd Test at the WACA, Amla scored 196 in the 2nd innings in a match-winning, series-clinching effort. Together with Graeme Smith, their 2nd wicket stand of 178 in 2 while his century came up in 87 balls.
During bilateral series against New Zealand in January 2013, Amla was requested to lead the team due to suspension of regular captain AB de Villiers for 2 matches due to slow overrate, that Amla declined requesting to be left to "concentrate on his batting". In August 2013 it was announced that Amla had signed for Surrey, for whom he made a limited number of appearances in domestic matches.
In June 2014 Amla became South Africa's first permanent non-white test captain (although Ashwell Prince had it temporarily), ahead of the Sri Lanka tour following Graeme Smith's retirement. Amla captained his side to a historic victory against Sri Lanka in his first test series as captain. He continued to make domestic appearances for Surrey when other commitments allowed.
In January 2015, he was named the player of the series in a bilateral series against West Indies. In August 2015, he won Man of the match against New Zealand for his match winning century. He was included in the Boland cricket team squad for the 2015 Africa T20 Cup.
In January 2016, Amla stepped down as South Africa captain following a drawn Test against England at Newlands. This was preceded by his poor run of form and his team's poor performance against India in November 2015. His team lost the first test against England in the home series. The second test, the one after which Amla announced his resignation, ended in a draw after a double hundred from the South African captain.
During the third test against Sri Lanka on 12 January 2017, Amla played his 100th Test, becoming the 8th South African to play for 100 tests. By ending 9 innings without a fifty in recent test tours, Amla finally scored his 26th century in his 100th match and regained his test average over 50 as well. With that century, Amla became the 8th test player overall and 2nd South African after Graeme Smith to score a century in 100th test. when he complete 100 test match he got the title (#Mighty hash)
Dean Jones controversyEdit
During a Test match between South Africa and Sri Lanka on 7 August 2006, Australian TEN Sports commentator Dean Jones referred to Amla as a "terrorist" after he had taken a catch; after incorrectly assuming that broadcasting switched to a commercial break, he had said "The terrorist gets another wicket". The broadcast was aired around the world, including South Africa, and he was subsequently widely condemned by South African fans, players and several former cricketers and commentators, leading to the channel terminating its contract with Jones. After the incident Jones reportedly apologized to Amla, stating that his comments were never "supposed to be heard over the air", which he accepted.
As of April 2018[update], Amla has scored 28 Test and 26 ODI centuries.
Achievements and milestonesEdit
- Fastest player to reach 2,000 runs in ODIs (40 inns)
- Fastest player to reach 3,000 runs in ODIs (59 inns)
- Fastest player to reach 4,000 runs in ODIs (81 inns)
- Fastest player to reach 5,000 runs in ODIs (101 inns)
- Fastest player to reach 6,000 runs in ODIs (123 inns)
- Fastest player to reach 7,000 runs in ODIs (150 inns)
- First African batsman to score triple century in Test matches.
- First South African captain to score a Test century against Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka.
- 1,000 runs in both Tests and ODIs in the same calendar year (2010).
- Hashim Amla & Faf du Plessis hold the highest partnership for South Africa (247 runs), set against Ireland in the 24th match of World Cup Cricket on 3 March 2015 at Manuka Oval, Canberra. Amla made his career best of 159 in that match and South Africa became the first team to make back to back scores over 400 in ODIs, setting a total of 411/5.
- Fastest cricketer to reach 8th, 9th, 11th, 13th, 14th, 15th (86 inns), 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th and 26th (154 inns) centuries in ODIs.
- Hashim Amla and AB De Villers' partnership of 308 runs against West Indies is the record 4th wicket partnership for South Africa in a test match, was played from 17–20 December 2014.
- He along with Dwayne Bravo set the highest 5th wicket partnership in T20 cricket(150)
- Joint fastest batsman along with Virat Kohli to reach 50 international hundreds (348 inns)
- First South African batsman to score 25 centuries in ODI.
- Fourth cricketer to score 25 centuries in Test and ODI both after Sachin Tendulkar, Ricky Ponting, and Kumar Sangakkara.
- During the ODI series against Bangladesh in 2017 he, along with Quinton de Kock established the highest ODI partnership for any wicket for South Africa and set the highest unbroken ODI runstand in an ODI without losing any wickets (282*)
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