Tommy Koh Thong Bee (Chinese: 许通美; born 12 November 1937) BBM, DUNU (First Class), PJG, is a Singaporean international lawyer, professor, and diplomat. He was also Singapore's former Permanent Representative to the United Nations. Tommy Koh was awarded the Padma Shri which is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Tommy Koh Thong Bee
BBM, DUNU (First Class), PJG
12 November 1937|
Diploma in Criminology
University of Malaya|
University of Cambridge
|Occupation||International lawyer, professor, and a diplomat|
|Known for||Former ambassador to the United Nations|
Poh Siew Aing (m. 1967)
Wei Koh (son) |
Aun Koh (son)
Early life and educationEdit
Koh was born in Singapore on 12 November 1937. His father was from Tong'an, Fujian province and his mother from Shanghai. He graduated from Raffles Institution and Serangoon Secondary School and received a LL.B. (First Class Honours) degree from the University of Malaya in Singapore (now National University of Singapore). He holds a LL.M. from Harvard University and a post-graduate Diploma in Criminology from Cambridge University. He was conferred a full professorship in 1977. Prof Koh was awarded honorary LL.D. degrees from Yale University and Monash University. He has also received awards from Columbia University, Stanford University, Georgetown University, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts), and Curtin University.
He is an international lawyer, professor and Ambassador-at-Large for the Government of Singapore. He presently serves as Special Adviser at the Singapore Institute of Policy Studies, Chairman of the National Heritage Board, Chairman of the Governing Board of the NUS Centre for International Law, and Rector of Tembusu College at the National University of Singapore. He is on secondment from the National University of Singapore Faculty of Law.
He was President of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, 1980–1982. Lax and Sebenius present Koh and his efforts in getting the Convention passed, as an example of successful negotiating. 1990 to 1992 he served as Chairman of the Main Committee of the UN Conference on Environment and Development, where he presided over the negotiations on Agenda 21. He has also served as Singapore's ambassador to the United Nations and the United States.
On 9 August 2008, Koh was conferred with the Order of Nila Utama (First Class) by the Singapore Government, for his outstanding contributions in the Singapore legislative team representing Singapore, in the Pedra Branca dispute case with the Malaysian government.
He is on the panel of mediators for Singapore International Mediation Centre.
- Tommy Koh, A Constitution of the Oceans, UNCLOS December 1982,  accessed 20 May 2017
- Tommy Koh, Five Years After Rio:Some Personal Reflections, UN Chronicle 1997, accessed at  29 August 2006
- Tommy T.B. Koh and Amitav Acharya (ed.), The Quest for World Order: Perspectives of a Pragmatic Idealist, Times Academic Press, Singapore, 1997 ISBN 981-210-108-X
- Tommy Koh. The Tommy Koh Reader: Favourite Essays and Lectures. World Scientific, 2013. p. 640. ISBN 978-981-4571-07-4.
- Tommy Koh, Li Lin Chang and Joanna Koh. 50 Years of Singapore and the United Nations. World Scientific, 2015. p. 384. ISBN 978-981-4713-03-0.
Honours and awardsEdit
- 1961 : Adrian Clarke Memorial Medal, University of Malaya (Singapore)
- 1961 : Leow Chia Heng Prize, University of Malaya (Singapore)
- 1971 : Public Service Star (Bintang Bakti Masyarakat), Singapore
- 1979 : Meritorious Service Medal (Pingat Jasa Gemilang), Singapore
- 1984 : Wolfgang Friedman Award, Columbia University Law School, New York
- 1984 : Honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D), Yale University, Connecticut
- 1985 : Jackson H. Ralston Prize, Stanford Law School, California
- 1985 : Annual Award of the Asia Society, New York
- 1987 : International Service Award, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, USA
- 1987 : Jit Trainor Award for Distinction in Diplomacy, Georgetown University, USA
- 1990 : Distinguished Service Order Award (Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang), Singapore
- 1993 : Commander, Order of the Golden Ark, The Netherlands
- 1996 : Elizabeth Haub Prize for Environmental Law, University of Brussels
- 1997 : Grand Cross of the Order of Bernardo O'Higgins, Chile
- 1998 : Fok Ying Tung Southeast Asia Prize, Fok Ying Tung Foundation, Hong Kong (29 May)
- 2000 : Commander, First Class, of the Order of the Lion of Finland
- 2000 : John Curtin Medal, Curtin University of Technology, Western Australia
- 2000 : Grand Officer, Order of Merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
- 2000 : Distinguished Service to Arts Education, LASALLE-SIA College Award
- 2001 : Officer in the Légion d'honneur, President of the French Republic
- 2003 : Peace and Commerce Award for efforts at building trade links with the United States
- 2004 : Outstanding Service Award, National University of Singapore on 12 May
- 2004 : Encomienda of Isabel la Catolica, from His Majesty King Juan Carlos of Spain on 24 May
- 2006 : Champions of the Earth, United Nations Environment Programme
- 2007 : Tatler Leadership Award for Lifetime Achievement, Singapore Tatler magazine
- 2008 : Order of Nila Utama (First Class)
- 2009: Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, 2009 (Japan).
- 2014: Great Negotiator Award, 2014 (Harvard Law School/Harvard Kennedy School).
- 2018 : Padma Shri Award, India's fourth highest civilian honour
- The Art and Science of Chairing Major Inter-governmental Conferences in the Lecture Series of the United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law
- The Negotiating Process of UNCLOS III in the Lecture Series of the United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law
- Straits Used for International Navigation in the Lecture Series of the United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law
- Institute of Policy Studies, Tommy Koh biography.
- David A. Lax and James K. Sebenius, "Thinking Coalitionally: Party Arithmetic, Process Opportunism, and Strategic Sequencing," in H. Peyton Young, ed. Negotiation Analysis. (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991), pp. 153–194.
- "NDP awards". Straits Times. 8 September 2008.
- Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, "2009 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals," p. 2.
- [[Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School and the Future of Diplomacy Project at Harvard Kennedy School (Cambridge, MA, USA)|Harvard Law School]], "The 2014 Great Negotiator Award Program"