Toba Tek Singh (Punjabi: ٹوبھا ٹیک سنگھ, Urdu: ٹوبہ ٹیک سنگھ) is a Pakistan city and capital of Toba Tek Singh District in the Punjab province . It is surrounded by cities of Gojra, Kamalia, Rajana, Pir Mahal and Shorkot.[2]

Toba Tek Singh
ٹوبہ ٹیک سِنگھ
Toba Tek Singh railway station
Toba Tek Singh is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Toba Tek Singh
Toba Tek Singh
Toba Tek Singh is located in Pakistan
Toba Tek Singh
Toba Tek Singh
Coordinates: 30°58′16″N 72°28′57″E / 30.97111°N 72.48250°E / 30.97111; 72.48250
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DistrictToba Tek Singh
 • Metro
3,252 km2 (1,256 sq mi)
149 m (489 ft)
 • City87,210
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Calling code046
Number of Union councils32
A haveli in Toba Tek Singh district



The city and district is named after a Sikh religious figure Tek Singh. Legend has it that Singh, a kind-hearted man, served water and provided shelter to the worn out and thirsty travelers passing by a small pond ("toba" in Punjabi) which eventually was called Toba Tek Singh, and the surrounding settlement acquired the same name.[3]

British Raj


Toba Tek Singh was developed by the British toward the end of the 19th Century when a canal system was built.[3] People from all over the Punjab moved there as farmlands were allotted to them. Most of the people who migrated there belonged to Lahore, Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur District. The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the tehsil of Toba Tek Singh as follows:

Tehsil of the new Lyallpur District, Punjab, lying between 30°50' and 31°23' N. and 72° 20' and 72°54' E., with an area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2). The population in 1906 was 148,984. It contains 342 villages, including Toba Tek Singh (population,1,874), the headquarters, and GOJRA (2,589), an important grain market on the Wazirabad -Khanewal branch of the North-Western Railway. The land revenue and ceases in 1905-6 amounted to 4.7 lakhs. The tahsil consists of a level plain, wholly irrigated by the Chenab Canal. The soil, which is very fertile in the east of the tahsil, becomes sandy towards the west. The boundaries of the tahsils were somewhat modified at the time of the formation of the new District of Lyallpur"



During the 1970s, when many Pakistani cities were renamed to change names given after British Rulers to their original or native names or more acceptable names to local population - for example, Montgomery returned to its original name Sahiwal - Toba Tek Singh remained one of the very few cities to maintain its original name mainly because of reputation of Tek Singh. In 1982 Toba Tek Singh, formerly a subdivision, was separated from Faisalabad District and became a separate district.

Kisan conference 1970


In Toba Tek Singh, the Left parties held a farmers' conference on March 23-25, 1970, which was led by Maulana Bhashani. The farmers' conference made Toba Tek Singh famous in the country. Toba Tek Singh was chosen to host the farmers' conference because it was not only an important agricultural area but also had left-wing ideological leaders present before the partition of India.

Gas pipeline explosion


On the evening of October 23, 1999, SNGPL employees were repairing a 26-inch diameter pipe at the wall assembly station on Jhang Maghiana Road of SNGPL's main pipeline passing through Toba Tek Singh city. An explosion set fire to the assembly station and surrounding houses, burning 13 people, including 11 employees, to death and injuring dozens.[citation needed]


The exterior of Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan

Toba Tek Singh is located in central Punjab and occupies 3,252 square kilometers and is made up of large areas of lowlands that flood frequently during the rainy season; the floods originate from the Ravi River that runs along the southern and southeastern borders. The pre-partition Toba Tek Singh had a sizable Sikh population, much of which migrated to Punjab in modern India in 1947.





Toba Tek Singh is one of the best producers of oranges, locally known as kenno. It contributes towards export standard quality of oranges. The majority of people living in this district work in agriculture and the region produces several kinds of agricultural and dairy products, including meat, eggs, cotton, maize, several pulses, peaches, guava, tomato, melon, water melon, mangoes, tobacco, onion.[4]

Notable people


Educational Institutes

  • St. Peter's High School
  • Divisional Public School & College, Toba Tek Singh
  • Bahria Foundation College, Toba Tek Singh
  • Convent of Jesus and Mary High School, Toba Tek Singh
  • Ken Public High School
  • Govt Graduate College, Toba Tek Singh

In fiction


Saadat Hasan Manto, an Urdu language novelist, wrote a short story entitled "Toba Tek Singh" which is a satire on the partition of Punjab; in the story, an inmate in an asylum frets over the question of whether his home town Toba Tek Singh is now in India or Pakistan.[3] It was adapted into a short movie of the same name directed by Pakistani filmmaker Afia Nathaniel in 2005. In 2006, Sarmad Sehbai dramatized "Toba Tek Singh" for Pakistan Television which was aired on Pakistan Television on December 3, 2006 and it was adapted into a film, Partition, by Ken McMullen and Tariq Ali for the British Channel 4 in 1987.

It has also been made into an Indian short film by Ketan Mehta. Rapper Riz Ahmed released a track titled the same name in his 2020 album, "The Long Goodbye".

See also



  1. ^ "Punjāb (Pakistan): population of Toba Tek Singh (2017 census)". website. Archived from the original on 29 June 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2023.
  2. ^ "District And Tehsil Level Population Summary with Region Breakup (Toba Tek Singh District)" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2023.
  3. ^ a b c Muhammad Hassan Miraj (10 June 2013). "The story of Toba Tek Singh". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 17 May 2023.
  4. ^ Agriculture (Flora and Fauna) of District Toba Tek Singh District Toba Tek Singh, Government of the Punjab website, Retrieved 17 May 2023
  5. ^ "Sardar Muhammad Ayub Khan, Member Profile". Provincial Assembly of Punjab website. Archived from the original on 14 June 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2023.