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Tizocic [tiˈsosik] or Tizocicatzin Nahuatl pronunciation: [tisosiˈkat͡sin̥] (About this soundlisten) usually known in English as Tizoc, was the seventh tlatoani of Tenochtitlan. His name means, "He who makes sacrifices" or "He who does penance."[1]

Tizoc
7th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
Ruler of the Aztec Triple Alliance
Tizoc.jpg
Reign2 House – 7 Rabbit
(14811486)
PredecessorAxayacatl
SuccessorAhuitzotl
Died7 Rabbit (1486 (1487))
FatherTezozomoc
MotherAtotoztli II

BiographyEdit

FamilyEdit

Tizoc was a son of the Princess Atotoztli II and her cousin, prince Tezozomoc. He was a grandson of Emperors Moctezuma I and Itzcoatl. He was a descendant of the King Cuauhtototzin.

He was successor of his brother Axayacatl and was succeeded by his other brother, Ahuitzotl; his sister was the Queen Chalchiuhnenetzin, married to Moquihuix, tlatoani of Tlatelōlco. He was an uncle of Emperors Cuauhtémoc, Moctezuma II and Cuitláhuac and grandfather of Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin.

RegionEdit

Most sources agree that Tizoc took power in 1481 (the Aztec year "2 House"), succeeding his older brother. Although Tizoc's reign was relatively short, he began the rebuilding of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan (a task completed by his younger brother in 1487), and also put down a rebellion of the Matlatzincan peoples of the Toluca Valley.

According to the Codex Mendoza, during Tizoc's reign the āltepēmeh of Tonalimoquetzayan, Toxico, Ecatepec, Cillán, Tecaxic, Tolocan, Yancuitlan, Tlappan, Atezcahuacan, Mazatlán, Xochiyetla, Tamapachco, Ecatliquapechco and Miquetlan were conquered.

 
Map showing the expansion of the Aztec empire showing the areas conquered by the Aztec rulers. The conquests of Tizoc is marked by the colour orange.[2]

DeathEdit

Tizoc died in 1486, though it's still somewhat unclear how. Some sources suggest that he was poisoned, others that he fell to illness.

In popular cultureEdit

  • The Obsidian and Blood series by Aliette de Bodard is set in the last year of the reign of Axayacatl and the first years of the reign of Tizoc, with their youngest brother Ahuitzotl appearing as a primary character. The second book, Harbinger of the Storm is primarily set during the election of Tizoc as tlatoani after the death of Axayacatl.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Tízoc, "El que hace sacrificio" (14811486)" [Tízoc, “He who makes sacrifices” (14811486)]. Archeologia Mexicana (in Spanish). Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  2. ^ Based on the maps by Hassig (1988)

ReferencesEdit

  • Townsend, Richard F. (2000). The Aztecs (revised ed.). New York: Thames and Hudson.
  • Hassig, Ross (1988). Aztec Warfare: Imperial Expansion and Political Control. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Weaver, Muriel Porter (1993). The Aztecs, Maya, and Their Predecessors: Archaeology of Mesoamerica (3rd ed.). San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 0-01-263999-0.

External linksEdit

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Axayacatl
Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
2 House – 7 Rabbit
(1481–1486)
Succeeded by
Ahuitzotl