List of Tenochtitlan rulers

This is a list of the tlatoque of the pre-Columbian era altepetl of Tenochtitlan.

Tlatoque under the Tepanec suzerainty (1369–1427)Edit

No. Picture Name Reign Succession & notes Death
1   Acamapichtli
Ācamāpichtli
1376–1395 First tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1396
Natural causes
2   Huitzilihuitl
Huītzilihhuitl
1396 – 1417 Son of Acamapichtli. 1417 (aged c. 38)
Natural causes
3   Chimalpopoca
Chīmalpopōca
1417 – 1427 Son of Huitzilihuitl. 1427 (aged c. 23)
Conflicting accounts, strangled in captivity by Maxtla, or murdered by supporters of Itzcoatl

Hueytlatoque (emperors) of the Triple Alliance (1427–1521)Edit

No. Picture Name Reign Succession & notes Death
4   Itzcoatl
Itzcōhuātl
1427 – 1440 Son of Acamapichtli. 1440 (aged c. 60)
Natural causes
5   Moctezuma I
Motēuczōma Ilhuicamīna
1440 – 1469 Son of Huitzilihuitl. 1481 (aged c. 71)
Natural causes (illness)
6   Axayacatl
Āxāyacatl
1469 – 1481 Son of Tezozomoc, a son of Itzcoatl. 1481 (aged c. 32)
Natural causes (illness)
7   Tizoc
Tīzoc Chālchiuhtlatona
1481 – 1486 Son of Tezozomoc, a son of Itzcoatl. 1486 (aged c. 50)
Unclear causes, possibly murdered
8   Ahuitzotl
Āhuitzotl
1486 – 1502 Son of Tezozomoc, a son of Itzcoatl. 1502 (aged c. 56)
Natural causes
9   Moctezuma II
Motēuczōmah Xōcoyōtzin
1502 – 1520 Son of Axayacatl. 1520 (aged c. 54)
Conflicting accounts, killed accidentally or intentionally by a rock thrown by one of his subjects, or killed by the Spaniards
10   Cuitláhuac
Cuitlāhuac
1520 Son of Axayacatl. 1520 (aged c. 44)
Unclear causes, possibly smallpox
11   Cuauhtémoc
Cuāuhtēmoc
1520 – 1521 Son of Ahuitzotl. 1525 (aged c. 28)
Hanged on the orders of Hernán Cortés.

Tlatoque under colonial Spanish rule (1521–1565)Edit

No. Picture Name Reign Succession & notes Death
(11)   Cuauhtémoc
Fernando Cuauhtémotzín
1521 – 1525 Son of Ahuitzotl, allowed to retain his position as tlatoani by the Spaniards, baptized as Fernando Cuauhtémotzín. 1525 (aged c. 28)
Hanged on the orders of Hernán Cortés.
12 Tlacotzin
Juan Velázquez Tlacotzin
1525 – 1526 Grandson of Tlacaelel, a son of Huitzilihuitl. Installed by Hernán Cortés. 1526
Died of an unknown disease
Andrés de Tapia Motelchiuh, a Nahua warrior captain, serves as cuauhtlato ("interim ruler"), 1526 – 1530
Pablo Xochiquentzin, a Nahua commoner, serves as cuauhtlato ("interim ruler"), 1530 – 1536
13   Huanitzin
Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin
1539 – 1541 Son of Tezozomoctli Acolnahuacatl, a son of Axayacatl. Installed by the Spanish colonial authorities. 1541
Natural causes
14   Tehuetzquititzin
Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin
1541 – 1554 Son of Tezcatl Popocatzin, a son of Tizoc. Installed by the Spanish colonial authorities. 1554
Natural causes
Esteban de Guzmán Omacatzin, a Nahua commoner, serves as judge-governor of Tenochtitlan, 1554 – 1557
15   Cecetzin
Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin
1557 – 1562 Son of Huanitzin. Installed by the Spanish colonial authorities. 1562
Natural causes
16   Nanacacipactzin
Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin
1563 – 1565 Son of Acamapichtli, a son of Ahuitzotl. Installed by the Spanish colonial authorities. Last tlatoani and last hereditary ruler of Tenochtitlan. 1565
Natural causes

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit