List of Tenochtitlan rulers

This is a list of the tlatoque of the pre-Columbian era altepetl of Tenochtitlan.

Under the Tepanec suzeraintyEdit

Tlatoani Picture Birth Death Notes
Acamapichtli
7 Jaguar (20 February)
7 House (1369) – 3 Reed (1391)
  Son of Opochtli Iztahuatzin and Atotoztli I 3 Reed (1391) His first wife was Ilancueitl, and among his many others were Tezcatlan Miyahuatzin, Huitzilxotzin, and Xiuhcuetzin.[citation needed]
Huitzilihuitl
5 Snake (22 January)
3 Reed (1391) – 1 Reed (1415)
  Son of Acamapichtli and Tezcatlan Miyahuatzin 1 Reed (1415) Among his wives were Queen Ayauhcihuatl, Queen Cacamacihuatl, Queen Miahuaxihuitl, and Queen Miyahuaxochtzin.
Chimalpopoca
3 Serpent (21 July)
1 Reed (1415) – 12 Rabbit (1426)
  Son of Huitzilihuitl and Ayauhcihuatl 12 Rabbit (1426)
His wife was Matlalatzin.

Emperors of the Triple Alliance (Aztec Empire)Edit

Tlatoani Picture Birth Death Notes
Itzcoatl
13 Water (22 June)
13 Reed (1427) – 13 Flint (1440)
  Son of Acamapichtli and a commoner from Azcapotzalco 13 Flint (1440)
His wife was Huacaltzintli.
Moctezuma Ilhuicamina
(Moctezuma I)
8 Serpent (22 May)
13 Flint (1440) – 3 house (1469)
  Son of Huitzilihuitl and Miahuaxihuitl of Quauhnahuac 3 House (1469)
His wife was Chichimecacihuatzin I.
Axayacatl
2 Rain (2 August)
3 House (1469) – 2 House (1481)
  Son of Tezozomoctli and Atotoztli II 2 House (1481) Married to Xochicueyetl.
Tizoc
6 Vulture (2 June)
2 House (1481) – 7 Rabbit (1486)
  Son of Tezozomoctli and Atotoztli II 7 Rabbit (1486)
Ahuitzotl
10 Rabbit (15 April)
7 Rabbit (1486) – 10 Rabbit (1502)
  Son of Tezozomoctli and Atotoztli II 10 Rabbit (1502) Married to Tlilancapatl
Moctezuma Xocoyotzin
(Moctezuma II)
9 Deer (14 April)
10 Rabbit (1502) – 2 Flint (1520)
  Son of Axayacatl 2 Flint (1520) Teotlalco was Moctezuma's principal wife.[1] He was also married to Tlapalizquixochtzin and many other nobles.[2]
Cuitláhuac
8 Wind (16 September)
2 Flint (1520)
  Son of Axayacatl and a noblewoman of Itztapalapan 2 Flint (3 December)
2 Flint (1520)
Married to a daughter of Moteixcahuia Quauhtlehuanitzin
Cuauhtémoc
Izcalli/February
3 House (1521) – 7 House (1525)
  Son of Ahuitzotl 7 House (27 February 1525)
Acalan

Colonial rulersEdit

Tlatoani Picture Birth Death Notes
Juan Velázquez Tlacotzin
7 House (1525)
Grandson of Tlacaelel II, Great-great grandson of Tlacaelel I 7 House (1525)
Nochiztlan
Installed by Hernán Cortés in Huey Mollan. Died before returning to Tenochtitlan.
Andrés de Tapia Motelchiuh
7 House (1525) – 12 Rabbit (1530)
12 Rabbit (1530)
Aztatlan
Installed in Huey Mollan. A quauhtlatoani ("interim ruler").
Pablo Xochiquentzin
1 Flint (1532) – 5 Flint (1536)
5 Flint (1536) A quauhtlatoani ("interim ruler").
Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin
7 Rabbit (1539) – 10 House (1541)
  Son of Tezozomoctli Aculnahuacatl, grandson of Axayacatl 10 House (1541)
Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin
10 House (1541) – 10 Rabbit (1554)
  Son of Tezcatl Popocatzin, grandson of Tizoc 10 Rabbit (1554)
Esteban de Guzmán
10 Rabbit (1554) – 13 House (1557)
Xochimilco Not a tlatoani, but a judge (juez).
Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin
13 House (1557) – 5 Rabbit (1562)
  Son of Diego Huanitzin 5 Rabbit (1562) Installed by Esteban de Guzmán.
Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin
6 Reed (1563) – 8 House (1565)
  8 House (1565) Installed by Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Moctezuma's children: Aztec royalty under Spanish rule, 1520-1700 by Donald E. Chipman
  2. ^ New World, First Nations: Native Peoples of Mesoamerica and the Andes Under Colonial Rule by David Patrick Cahill and Blanca Tovías

External linksEdit

The Mexica Tlatoanis (in Spanish)