Tirurangadi

Tirurangadi is a municipal town in Malappuram district of Kerala, India. It is a historic town famed for its active participation in the freedom struggle, especially those dating back to the 1920s. It serves as a local taluk and is located, 30 km south of Calicut and 140 km north of Ernakulam.

Tirurangadi
Municipality
Tirurangadi Orphanage
Coordinates: 11°03′N 75°56′E / 11.05°N 75.93°E / 11.05; 75.93Coordinates: 11°03′N 75°56′E / 11.05°N 75.93°E / 11.05; 75.93
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictMalappuram
Area
 • Total17.73 km2 (6.85 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total56,632
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationKL-65
Websitetirurangadimunicipality.lsgkerala.gov.in/en/
Kakkad Junction, Tirurangadi
PSMO College
Tirurangadi Yatheem Khana

It is located 9 km east of the coastal town of Parappanangadi, 10 km northwest of Kottakkal, 11 km northeast of Tanur town, 16 km southwest of Kondotty town, 17 km north of Tirur, and 18 km west of Malappuram.

HistoryEdit

Tirurangadi, which was then an important centre of trade, was known by the name Tiruwarankad to the Arabs, during the middle ages.[2] It was ruled by the Zamorin of Calicut during the Middle ages. Later in 18th century, the region came under the Kingdom of Mysore. The Battle of Tirurangadi was a series of engagements that took place between the British army and Tipu Sultan, the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore, between 7 and 12 December 1790 at Tirurangadi, during the Third Anglo-Mysore War.[3]

Mysore rule was followed by British Raj at the end of 18th century CE. Cheranad was a name of an erstwhile province in the kingdom of Zamorin of Calicut, which had included parts of present-day Tirurangadi and Tirur Taluks of Malappuram district in it.[4] Later it became a Taluk of Malabar District, when Malabar came under the British Raj.[4][5] The headquarters of Cheranad Taluk was the town of Tirurangadi.[4][5] Later the Taluk was merged with Eranad Taluk.[4]

Tirurangadi was one of the main centres of Malabar Rebellion of 1921.[6] The Tirurangadi Taluk Office, which was an important administrative centre during British Raj, is also a monument of the rebellion.

When Tirur Taluk was formed in 1957, Tirurangadi block became a part of it.[7] Later in 1990's, Vengara and Tirurangadi Revenue blocks were separated to form the modern Tirurangadi Taluk.[1]

GeographyEdit

Tirurangadi is located at 11°03′N 75°56′E / 11.05°N 75.93°E / 11.05; 75.93.[8][9] It has an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft).

Civic administrationEdit

Tirurangadi Municipality Election 2020[10]Edit

S.No. Party Name Party symbol Number of Councillors
01 UDF   33
02 LDF   04
02 Independents =   04

Municipal Chairman :

Janab K.P.Mohammed Kutty [Indian Union Muslim league. ] Vice Chair Person. C.P. Suharabi [ Indian National Congress ]

ReligionEdit

Total population: 56,700 Hindu: 14.39% Muslim: 85.24% Christian: 0.23% Sikh: 0.00% Buddhist: 0.00% Jain: 0.00% Others: 0.00% Not Stated: 0.14%[11]

Important MasjidsEdit

Jumayath mosque Chandappadi Jumayath mosque High school padi Tirurangadi Jumayath mosque Thazhengadi Melechina mosque Tirurangadi Jumayath mosque Tirurangadi Thazhechina Mosque Tiruranhadi Jumayath Mosque Kakkad Juma Masjid Karumbil Juma Masjid Venniyur paramba Juma Masjid Kapratupadi Juma Masjid CK Nagar Juma Masjid Chemmad Juma Masjid chammad JN. Juma Masjid Kodinhipadam Juma Masjid Kottathangadi Valiya Juma Masjid Pantharangadi Valiya Mosque Kariparamba

Important TemplesEdit

Kaliyattakavu Bhagavathi Temple, Trikulam Sivakshethram, Subrahmanya kshethram at Kachadi, Koduvayur Subrahmanya kshethram, Pappanur Sivakshethram Padikkal, Tripuranthaka Kshethram Kakad, karachina Mahadeva Kshethram, Kaprat Sivakshethram

TransportEdit

This town is well connected with all parts of Kerala and National Highway 66 (India) (Old number NH17) passes through this town. There are two main bus stations situated in the town, one in Chemmad, and another one in Kakkad. The former is for buses plying the nearby areas while the latter is used for long distance buses only.

The nearest railway station is at Parappanangadi, 7 km away from the town and Calicut International Airport is just 21 km away.

The famous house of Ayurveda Kottakkal Aryavaidyasala is just 10 km away from Tirurangadi.

Notable personEdit

EducationEdit

Tirurangadi, a well-versed place in the history of Freedom Fight is now known as a small educational hub in Malappuram district. The PSMO College is in the centre of the town surrounded by several other institutions. Headquarters of University of Calicut is just 13 km away.

Colleges and schoolsEdit

 
GHSS Tirurangadi
  • Tirurangadi Government Higher Secondary School and Oriental Higher Secondary School are the two important schools serving the primary educational needs of the area and nearby areas.
  • "Thirurangadi yatheem khana" is a well noted institution among its kind having numerous institutions under its hood, including PSMO College, KMMMO Arabic College, SSMO Teachers Training Institute, Oriental Higher Secondary School, MKH Memorial Hospital, MKH Nursing College.
  1. Pocker Sahib Memorial Orphanage College (PSMO College), Tirurangadi
  2. KMMO Arabic College, Tirurangadi
  3. Govt. Poly Technic, Chelari, Tirurangadi
  4. SSMO Teachers Training Institute, Tirurangadi
  5. Govt. Higher Secondary School, Tirurangadi
  6. Oriental Higher Secondary School, Tirurangadi
  7. Govt. High School, Trikkulam, Tirurangadi
  8. Khuthubuzzaman English Medium Higher Secondary School, Chemmad, Tirurangadi
  9. MKH School of Nursing, Tirurangadi
  10. Gems Public School (affiliated with CBSE, Delhi), Kooriyad, PO Tirurangadi
  11. Kerala Residential Higher Secondary School, Karumbil, Tirurangadi
  12. National English Medium Higher Secondary School, Chemmad, Tirurangadi
  13. Malabar Central School, Valiya Paramabu, Tirurangadi
  14. Noorul Huda English School, Rasheed Nagar,Tirurangadi

HealthcareEdit

  1. Govt.Taluk Headquarters Hospital Thirurangadi
  2. MK Haji Orphanage Hospital
  3. Chemmad Nursing Home
  4. Pathoor Nursing Home
  5. Karuna Cancer Hospital and Research Center
  6. Government Veterinary Dispensary Tirurangadi

Places of interestEdit

 
The old house of Mambaram Thangal
  • Tirurangadi Grand Mosque: The Tirurangadi Grand Mosque is a famous mosque located in Tirurangadi in the Malappuram District of Kerala, south India. Historically related to the Mappila Lahala of 1921 against the British Government.
  • Mambaram Masjidh: Mamburam Mosque is famous for the tomb of Sayyid Alavi Mouladaveel Sayyid Alavi Thangal, a Hadrami Islamic scholar and Indian freedom fighter who settled at Mamburam in Kerala is now considered as one of greatest pilgrimage centres in southern India.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Malappuram census handbook" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in.
  2. ^ S. Muhammad Hussain Nainar (1942). Tuhfat-al-Mujahidin: An Historical Work in The Arabic Language. University of Madras.
  3. ^ Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honorable East India Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 176. ISBN 9788131300343.
  4. ^ a b c d Logan, William (2010). Malabar Manual (Volume-I). New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. pp. 631–666. ISBN 9788120604476.
  5. ^ a b C.A., Innes (1908). Madras District Gazetteers: Malabar and Anjengo. Government Press, Madras. p. 373. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  6. ^ Sreedhara Menon, A. (January 2007). Kerala Charitram (2007 ed.). Kottayam: DC Books. ISBN 978-81-264-1588-5. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  7. ^ Devassy, M. K. (1965). District Census Handbook (2) - Kozhikode (1961) (PDF). Ernakulam: Government of Kerala.
  8. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Tirurangadi, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  9. ^ - Tirurangadi Archived 2011-08-01 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Adm. body electiindex.php "Tirurangadi Municipality election 2020" Check |url= value (help). lbtrend. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  11. ^ "Tirurangadi City Population Census 2011 - Kerala". www.census2011.co.in.

External linksEdit