Tilang is a raga in Indian classical music, that belongs to the Khamaj Thaat.[2][1]

Tilang
ThaatKhamaj[1]
TypeAudava-Audava[1]
Time of day2nd Prahar of the night[1]
ArohanaSa Ga ma Pa Ni Sa[1]
AvarohanaSa ni(komal) Pa ma Ga Sa[1]
VadiGa[1]
SamavadiNi[1]

ScaleEdit

This raga has a Ni flat (ni komal) in the descent.[2][1]

Its defining characteristics are: PS'NS'nP, PS'NS'PnP; some ragis add a R (S*R*NS*PnP).

Vadi and SamvadiEdit

In Carnatic musicEdit

This raga originated in Hindustani classical music and has been taken into Carnatic music.[3] It is derived from the 28th Melakarta (parent scale) Harikambhoji.[3] It is an audava-audava raga (pentatonic asymmetrical scale) with the following structure.

CompositionsEdit

Shree Ganesha charanam composed by Papanasam Sivan is a popular composition set in this ragam.[3]

Film SongsEdit

Language: TamilEdit

Song Movie Composer Singer
Shyamala, Shyamala En Jeevapriye Shyamala G. Ramanathan M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar
Indru Poi Naalai Vaaraai Sampoorna Ramayanam K. V. Mahadevan C. S. Jayaraman
Azhagan Muruganidam Asai Vaithen Panchavarna Kili Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy P. Susheela
Naalaam Naalaam Kadhalikka Neramillai P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela
Naan Oru Kuzhandhai Padagotti T. M. Soundararajan
Neeyum Nanuma Gauravam M. S. Viswanathan
Penpaartha Maapilaiku Kaaviya Thalaivi P. Susheela
Idhu Unthan Veettu Kilithaan Shankar Salim Simon Vani Jairam
Thendraladhu Unnidathil Andha 7 Naatkal P. Jayachandran, S. Janaki
Nalladhor Veenai Seidhe Varumayin Niram Sivappu S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Abhinaya Sundari Aadugiraal Miruthanga Chakravarthi Sirkazhi G. Sivachidambaram, Vani Jairam
Kothamalli Poove Kallukkul Eeram Illayaraja Malaysia Vasudevan, S. Janaki
Chithirai Sevvanam Kaatrinile Varum Geetham P. Jayachandran
Intha Vennila December Pookal K.S. Chitra
Manadhil Urudhi Vendum Sindhu Bhairavi (film) K. J. Yesudas
Innum Ennai Enna Singaravelan S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Maadethile Kanni (Brindavansaranga traces) Veera S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Swarnalatha
Namma Manasu Pola Themmangu Paattukaaran Mano, K.S. Chitra
Kattula Thalai Solla Marandha Kadhai Vidhu Prathaban
Thee Thee

(Ragam Bahudari touches also)

Thiruda Thiruda A. R. Rahman Caroline,Noel James &A. R. Rahman
Vasantha Kaalangal Rail Payanangalil T. Rajendar P. Jayachandran
Azhagu Mayil Thogai Virithaduthu Pudhu Padagan S. Thanu S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Saravana Bhava Kaathala Kaathala Karthik Raja Karthik Raja, Kamal Haasan, Sujatha
Aazhakkadalu Thendral Vidyasagar Madhu Balakrishnan
Vaadi Vaadi Naattu Katta Alli Thandha Vaanam Shankar Mahadevan, Sujatha Mohan
Thinnadhey Parthen Rasithen Bharadwaj Shankar Mahadevan, Anuradha Sriram
En Anbe Satyam (2008 film) Harris Jayaraj Sadhana Sargam
Thiru Thiru Ganatha 100% Kadhal G. V. Prakash Kumar Harini
Molachu Moonu Velayudham Vijay Antony Prasanna,Supriya Joshi

Scale similaritiesEdit

  • Gambhiranata raga is a symmetrical raga with N3 (Kakali nishadha) in both ascending and descending scales,[2] while Tilang uses Kaisiki nishada (N2) in descending scale.
  • Savitri raga is a symmetrical raga with N2 (Kaisiki nishadha) in both ascending and descending scales,[2] while Tilang uses Kakali nishada (N3) in ascending scale.

Hence, Tilang has arohana of Gambhiranata, and avarohana of Savitri.[2]

• Jaati : audava - audava

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S G M P N 
    • Western: C E F G B C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:   P G S
    • Western: C B G F E C

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m http://www.tanarang.com/english/tilang_eng.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Rao, B.Subba (1996). Raganidhi: A Comparative Study Of Hindustani And Karnatak Ragas. Volume Four (Q to Z). Madras: The Music Academy. pp. 181–182.
  3. ^ a b c Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications