Tihar Prisons, also called Tihar Jail and Tihar Ashram, is a prison complex in India and the largest complex of prisons in South Asia. Run by Department of Delhi Prisons, Government of Delhi, the prison contains nine central prisons, and is one of the two prison complexes in Delhi, along with a district prison at Rohini Prison Complex. It is located in Tihar village, approximately 3 km from JanakPuri, to the west of New Delhi, India. The surrounding area is called Hari Nagar.
|Location||Tihar Village, New Delhi, India|
|Population||10,533  (as of 31 December 2012)|
|Managed by||Department of Delhi Prisons, Government of Delhi|
The prison is styled as a correctional institution. Its main objective is to convert its inmates into ordinary members of society by providing them with useful skills, education, and respect for the law. It aims to improve the inmates' self-esteem and strengthen their desire to improve. To engage, rehabilitate, and reform its inmates, Tihar uses music therapy, which involves music training sessions and concerts. The prison has its own radio station, run by inmates. There is also a prison industry within the walls, manned wholly by inmates, which bears the brand Tihar. As of December 2012[update], Tihar jail has 10,533 inmates against the sanctioned capacity of 5,200. Though the figure is down from around 12,000 in 2006, the prison remains seriously overcrowded.
Originally, Tihar was a maximum security prison run by the State of Punjab. In 1966 control was transferred to the National Capital Territory of Delhi. Beginning in 1984, additional facilities were constructed, and the complex became Tihar Prison, also largest jail in India
Under the charge of Kiran Bedi, when she was Inspector General of Prisons, she instituted a number of prison reforms at Tihar, including changing its name to Tihar Ashram. She also instituted a Vipassana meditation program for both staff and inmates; initial classes were taught by S. N. Goenka. The Prison has also produced an inmate who has passed the Indian Administrative Service civil service examinations.
Many of the inmates continue their higher education through distance education. The campus placement programme was launched in 2011 for the rehabilitation of inmates about to complete their sentences. In 2014, a recruitment drive led to 66 inmates selected on the basis of their good conduct, received job offers with salaries up to ₹35,000 (US$510) per month, from as many as 31 recruiters, which included educational institutions, NGOs and private companies.
In 1961, the Jail Factory was established in Central Jail No.2, at Tihar. Over the years its activities have expanded to include Carpentry, Weaving (Handloom & Powerloom), Tailoring, Chemical, Handmade paper, Commercial art and Bakery. Later in 2009, a shoe manufacturing unit was established using the Public-Private Partnership model, and thus the brand TJ's was launched. Today, 700 inmates work in these units, and 25% of theirs is deposited in the Victim Welfare Fund, which provides compensation to the victims and their families.
- Sanjay Gandhi
- Kanhaiya Kumar
- Lalu Yadav
- Subrata Roy
- Chhota Rajan
- Sudhir Chaudhary
- Satwant Singh and Kehar Singh, hanged for the assassination of Indira Gandhi.
- Charles Sobhraj, an international serial killer, escaped from Tihar on 16 March 1986, but was recaptured shortly thereafter, returned to the prison and sentenced to an additional ten years for the escape. He was released on completion of his term on 17 February 1997.
- Ripun Bora, education minister of Assam's Tarun Gogoi-led Congressional government, the main suspect in the Daniel Topno murder case, was arrested by CBI officials on 3 June 2008 and sent to Tihar on 7 June 2008.
- The accused in the 2G spectrum case, including A. Raja, M. K. Kanimozhi, Vinod Goenka, Shahid Balwa, and Sanjay Chandra.
- Suresh Kalmadi, former president of the Indian Olympic Association, who was arrested for alleged corruption regarding the 2010 Commonwealth Games.
- Kuljeet Singh and Jasbir Singh, executed in 1982 for the Geeta and Sanjay Chopra kidnapping case
- Amar Singh, former member of the Samajwadi Party, arrested in a cash-for-votes scandal.
- Anna Hazare and Arvind Kejriwal, Indian social activists fighting against corruption, were imprisoned in Tihar for protesting conflicts between differing Civil Society and UPA Government anti-corruption bills, known as the Jan Lokpal Bill and the Lokpal Bill, respectively.
- Jagtar Singh Hawara and Paramjit Singh Bheora, Khalistani militants, main accused in the assassination of Punjab Chief minister Beant Singh
- Abhishek Verma (billionaire arms dealer), one of main accused in Navy War Room Leak case & Scorpene Submarines deal.
- Anca Neacsu (wife of arms dealer Abhishek Verma) co-accused in all his corruption cases 
- All 6 of the accused in the 2012 Delhi gang rape
- Maqbool Bhat a Kashmiri separatist leader who fought for independence of Kashmir as a separate state from India and Pakistan.
- Milkha Singh, for traveling in a train without ticket.
In June 2015 two of the inmates were able to scale an inner wall then tunnel under the outer wall and crawl through a drain to escape the prison.
The Integrated Counseling and Testing Centre reports that around 6% to 8% of the 11,800 Tihar inmates are HIV-positive, which is considerably higher than the HIV rate among the general population in India.
In popular cultureEdit
Doing Time, Doing Vipassana is a 1997 documentary about the introduction of S. N. Goenka's 10-day Vipassana classes at Tihar Jail in 1993 by then Inspector General of Prisons in New Delhi, Kiran Bedi. Bedi had her guards trained in Vipassana first, and then she had Goenka give his initial class to 1,000 prisoners.
- "Department of Tihar Prisons". Government of Delhi. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- Tihar prison in India: More dovecote than jail. The Economist (2012-05-05). Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
- "Department of Tihar Prisons". Government of Delhi. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- "Now, a Tihar Idol". The Times of India. 10 June 2012.
- "Tihar gets its own radio station – TJ FM Radio". Economic Times. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Mukharji, Arunoday (4 February 2007) "Brand Tihar is serious business" ''CNN-IBN''. Ibnlive.com (2007-06-20). Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
- "Government takes steps to ease overcrowding in Tihar Jail". Press Information Bureau. 5 December 2006. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- Relief to Tihar inmate after he makes it to IAS The Hindu, 11 February 2009
- "Recruitment drive in Tihar jail: Inmate offered Rs 35,000 per month". The Times of India. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- Soumya Pillai (7 May 2014). "Photo story: from jail to job, Tihar inmates get employed". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "Tihar Jail Products". Tihar Jail. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- Sunny, Shiv (3 March 2016). "Kanhaiya Kumar released from Tihar". The Hindu.
- "Subrata Roy pays Rs 1.23 crore for special facilities in Tihar jail". The Times of India.
- "Zee News editors sent to Tihar jail". Hindustan Times. 1 December 2012.
- India's Powerful Can't Escape Jail, BusinessWeek, 9 June 2011
- Cash-for-votes scam: Court sends Amar Singh to judicial custody till 19 September,India Today, 6 September 2011
- "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Main News". www.tribuneindia.com.
- "Press reports about Anca Neacsu wife of Abhishek Verma". India Today.
- "Anca Neacsu photos from press reports" – via Getty Images.
- "Multi-crore arms deals: videos of Home Ministry, alleged kickbacks".
- Lokapally, Vijay (1 July 2013). "When his sister thought Milkha was shot". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- "Prisoners tunnel out of Delhi jail". BBC. 29 June 2015.
- "Tihar says no facility for paraplegic, murder accused gets bail". The Indian Express. 12 July 2012.
- 340 HIV positive prisoners in Tihar. The Times of India (2011-05-30). Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
- Holden, Stephen (8 July 2005). "Prisoners Finding New Hope in the Art of Spiritual Bliss". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 January 2014.