Thornton-le-Street

Thornton-le-Street is a village and parochial and civil parish in the Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England. It is part of the civil parish of Thornton-le-Moor and Thornton-le-Street for District purposes.[2] As the population remained less 100 at the 2011 Census details are included in the civil parish of Thornton-le-Moor.[3] In 2015, North Yorkshire County Council estimated the population to have been 90.[1]

Thornton-le-Street
Former public house at Thornton le Street - geograph.org.uk - 405952.jpg
Former public house at Thornton-le-Street
Thornton-le-Street is located in North Yorkshire
Thornton-le-Street
Thornton-le-Street
Location within North Yorkshire
Population90 (NYCC)[1]
OS grid referenceSE413862
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTHIRSK
Postcode districtYO7
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°16′13″N 1°21′59″W / 54.270359°N 1.366258°W / 54.270359; -1.366258Coordinates: 54°16′13″N 1°21′59″W / 54.270359°N 1.366258°W / 54.270359; -1.366258

Thornton-le-Street is situated about 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Thirsk and about 5.3 miles (8.5 km) south east of the county town of Northallerton. The whole village is within the site of the old medieval village and designated and Ancient Monument under the terms of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.[4] It is located between the west bank of the Cod Beck and the A168 road between Thirsk and Northallerton.

HistoryEdit

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Torentun in the Allerton hundred. The manor was the possession of Earl Edwin at the time of the Norman invasion. Afterwards it passed to the Crown who granted it to the manor of Northallerton whose lord was the Bishop of Durham.[5] In the 13th and 14th centuries, the main landowners were the de Wassand and de Wadesley families. In the 16th century the line of descent had altered through marriage to the Everingham's and then by sale to the Talbot's who held the title to the manor until 1793. It was briefly the possession of Samuel Crompton whose daughter inherited the manor where it passed down her husbands', Alan Frederick Cathcart, 3rd Earl Cathcart, line of descent.[6][7]

The name is derived from Old English words þorn and tūn combined with the Anglian word, strēt to give the meaning of Thorn tree farm on a Roman road. The suffix of le-street was used to distinguish it from other Thornton's in the area.[8][9]

GovernanceEdit

The village is within the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. It lies within the Thorntons ward of Hambleton District Council and Sowerby electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council.[10]

GeographyEdit

The village is located between the west bank of the Cod Beck and the A168 road between Thirsk and Northallerton. Within a radius of 2.5 miles (4 km) can be found the settlements of Thornton-le-Moor, Borrowby, Knayton, Upsall, South Kilvington, Newsham and South Otterington. The mean elevation in the village is 154 feet (47 m).[10]

The abandoned medieval village, fishponds and manorial site complete with a moat, are now little more than earthwork banks, but with well preserved below-ground remains. The old route of the main street which follows that of the old Roman road can be traced from the end of the existing main street running towards the eastern side of Old Hall.[6][10]

ReligionEdit

 
St Leonard's Church, Thornton-le-Street

The village church is dedicated to St Leonard and is a grade II* listed building. The oldest parts indicate it was built in the 12th century with modifications in the 14th and 19th centuries.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2015 Population Estimates Parishes" (PDF). northyorks.gov.uk. December 2016. p. 12. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Parish Info". Archived from the original on 21 November 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  3. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Thornton-le-Moor Parish (E04007281)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Medieval settlement at Thornton-le-Street (1018853)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Thornton [le Street] | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Parish History". Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  7. ^ Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 832–833. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
  8. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. pp. 610–11. ISBN 978-0521168557.
  9. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 459. ISBN 978-0192800749.
  10. ^ a b c Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  11. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Leonard  (Grade II*) (1315196)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 November 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Thornton-le-Street at Wikimedia Commons