Theba is a taxonomic genus of air-breathing land snails, medium-sized pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Helicidae, the true snails.

Theba pisana 0109.JPG
A live and active individual of Theba pisana
Scientific classification

Risso, 1826[1]

Theba is the type genus of the tribe Thebini.[2]

The genus occurs in the Mediterranean Basin, in the Canary Islands, and in Morocco.[3]


Species within the genus Theba include:


  1. ^ Risso A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Tome quatrième. pp. [1-3], j-vij [= 1-7], 1-439, pl. [1-12]. Paris. (Levrault).
  2. ^ Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997.
  3. ^ Greve C., Hutterer R., Groh K., Haase M. & Misof B. (2010). "Evolutionary diversification of the genus Theba (Gastropoda: Helicidae) in space and time: A land snail conquering islands and continents". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57(2): 572-584. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.08.021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Gittenberger, G.; Ripken, Th. E. J. (1987). "The genus Theba (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Helicidae), Systematics and distribution". Zoologische Verhandelingen. 241 (1): 1–59.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Species in genus Theba (n=6). AnimalBase, accessed 3 May 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Theba Risso 1826". Fauna Europaea, last update 27 January 2011, accessed 11 May 2011.
  7. ^ [1]. NCBI, accessed 11 May 2011.
  8. ^ [2]. NCBI, accessed 11 May 2011.
  9. ^ [3]. NCBI, accessed 11 May 2011.