The King (2019 film)
The King is a 2019 historical drama film based on several plays from William Shakespeare's "Henriad". It is directed by David Michôd, written by Michôd and Joel Edgerton, and stars Timothée Chalamet, Joel Edgerton, Sean Harris, Lily-Rose Depp, Robert Pattinson, and Ben Mendelsohn.
|Directed by||David Michôd|
|Based on||Henry IV, Part 1, |
Henry IV, Part 2
and Henry V
by William Shakespeare
|Music by||Nicholas Britell|
|Edited by||Peter Sciberras|
It had its world premiere at the Venice Film Festival on 2 September 2019 and was released on 11 October 2019 in selected theatres before being put up for digital streaming on 1 November 2019 by Netflix.
Henry Prince of Wales (called "Hal" by his close friends) is the emotionally distant eldest and wastrel son of King Henry IV of England. Hal is uninterested in his father's war policies and in succeeding him, and spends his days drinking, whoring, and jesting with his companion John Falstaff in Eastcheap. His father summons Hal and informs him that Hal's younger brother, Thomas, will inherit the throne instead of Hal. Thomas is sent to subdue Hotspur's rebellion but is upstaged by the arrival of Hal, who engages Hotspur in single combat. The sword fight descends into an armoured fistfight, and Hal kills Hotspur with a dagger. Although this decides the battle without further conflict, Thomas complains that Hal has stolen all the glory. Not long afterward, Thomas dies in a battle in Wales.
Henry IV dies in his bed with Hal present, and Hal is crowned King Henry V. Hal is determined not to be like his father, and opts for peace and conciliation with his father's adversaries, despite his actions being seen as weakness. At his coronation feast, the Dauphin of France sends Hal a ball, as an insulting and emasculating coronation gift; however, Hal chooses to frame this as a positive reflection of his boyhood before being crowned. His sister Philippa, now the Queen of Denmark, cautions that nobles in any royal court have their own interests in mind and will never reveal their full truths.
Hal interrogates a captured assassin who claims to have been sent by King Charles VI of France to assassinate Hal. The English nobles Cambridge and Grey are approached by French agents, hoping to induce them to the French cause. Their trust in the new young king wavers, and they then approach Hal's Chief Justice, William Gascoigne, with their concerns. Gascoigne advises the young king that a show of strength is necessary to unite England, so to prove his competency, Hal declares war on France and has Cambridge and Grey beheaded. He approaches Falstaff and appoints him as his chief military strategist, saying that Falstaff is the only man he truly trusts.
The English army sets sail for France, with Hal at the forefront and Falstaff as his marshal. After successfully taking Harfleur, they continue on the campaign but are followed by the Dauphin, who repeatedly tries to provoke Hal. The English advance parties stumble upon a huge French army gathering to face them. Dorset advises Hal to retreat, due to the superiority of the French forces, but Falstaff proposes a false advance to lure the French to rush forward into the mud, where they will be weighed down by their heavy armour and horses. They will then be attacked by the English longbowmen and surrounded by a large flanking force hidden in the nearby woods.
Hal goes to the Dauphin and offers to fight in single combat to decide the outcome of the battle, but the Dauphin refuses. The Battle of Agincourt commences, with Hal in the thick of the fighting. Falstaff's plan works, and the outnumbered English army overpowers the French, although Falstaff is killed on the front lines. The Dauphin enters the fray to challenge Hal, but is humiliated and easily defeated. Hal orders all the French prisoners executed for fear that they might regroup, an order that Falstaff had refused to carry out before the battle.
Following the decisive victory, the English continue deeper into France. Hal reaches King Charles VI, who offers his surrender and the hand of his daughter Catherine. Hal returns to England with his new wife for the celebrations. He comes to her room to have a conversation, and she challenges his reasons for invading France. She denies that the French assassin and the insult originated from her father or her brother, and dismisses Hal when he falls back on echoing the sentiments of others, sentiments Hal had dismissed earlier in the campaign. Hal realizes that the supposed French insult and acts of aggression against England were staged by Gascoigne to goad Hal into war. Hal confronts Gascoigne and confirms his suspicions, and an unashamed Gascoigne declares that peace comes only through victory. In cold fury, Hal kills Gascoigne and returns to Catherine, promising to only ever ask that she speak the truth to him.
- Timothée Chalamet as King Henry “Hal” V
- Joel Edgerton as Falstaff
- Robert Pattinson as The Dauphin
- Sean Harris as William Gascoigne
- Thomasin McKenzie as Queen Phillippa of Denmark
- Ben Mendelsohn as King Henry IV
- Tom Glynn-Carney as Henry "Hotspur" Percy
- Lily-Rose Depp as Catherine
- Dean-Charles Chapman as Thomas
- Thibault de Montalembert as King Charles VI
- Edward Ashley as Cambridge
- Stephen Fewell as Lord Grey
- Tara Fitzgerald as Hooper
- Andrew Havill as Archbishop of Canterbury
- Tom Fisher as Northumberland
- Ivan Kaye as Lord Scrope
- Steven Elder as Dorset
- Philip Rosch as Lord Chamberlain
- Gergely Szűcs as Blacksmith
- Tom Lacroix as Gilrich
- Jeremy Chevillotte as French Lord Steward
- Viktor Balogh as Bowman
In 2013, it was revealed that Joel Edgerton and David Michôd had collaborated on writing an adaptation of Shakespeare's "Henriad" plays, Henry IV, Parts 1 & 2 and Henry V, for Warner Bros. Pictures. In September 2015, it was announced that Michôd would direct the project, with Warner Bros. producing and distributing the film, and Lava Bear producing.
In February 2018, Timothée Chalamet joined the cast, with Brad Pitt, Dede Gardner, and Jeremy Kleiner producing, alongside Liz Watts, under their Plan B Entertainment banner. Ultimately, Netflix distributed the film instead of Warner Bros. In March 2018, Edgerton joined the cast of the film. In May 2018, Robert Pattinson, Ben Mendelsohn, Sean Harris, Lily-Rose Depp, Tom Glynn-Carney, and Thomasin McKenzie joined the cast; Dean-Charles Chapman joined in June.
Filming took place throughout England and Szilvásvárad, Hungary. Many scenes were filmed on location at Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire, England. Lincoln Cathedral was used in place of Westminster Abbey for the coronation scenes.
The film had its world premiere at the Venice Film Festival on 2 September 2019. It screened at the BFI London Film Festival on 3 October 2019, and received a limited release on 11 October 2019 before being released on Netflix, for digital streaming, on 1 November 2019.
The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported an approval rating of 71% based on 111 reviews, with an average rating of 6.46/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "While The King is sometimes less than the sum of its impressive parts, strong source material and gripping performances make this a period drama worth hailing." Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 61 out of 100, based on 36 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
|Award||Date of ceremony||Category||Nominee(s)||Result||Ref.|
|AACTA Awards||4 December 2019||Best Film||Brad Pitt, Dede Gardner, Jeremy Kleiner, Liz Watts, David Michôd, Joel Edgerton||Nominated|||
|Best Direction||David Michôd||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Timothée Chalamet||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Joel Edgerton||Won|
|Best Cinematography||Adam Arkapaw||Won|
|Best Editing||Peter Sciberras||Nominated|
|Best Sound||Robert Mackenzie, Sam Petty, Gareth John, Leah Katz, Mario Vacarro, Tara Webb||Nominated|
|Best Production Design||Fiona Crombie, Alice Felton||Won|
|Best Costume Design||Jane Petrie||Won|
|Best Screenplay||David Michôd, Joel Edgerton||Nominated|
|Best Hair and Makeup||Alessandro Bertolazzi||Nominated|
|Best Casting||Des Hamilton, Francine Maisler||Nominated|
|Hollywood Music in Media Awards||20 November 2019||Best Original Score in a Feature Film||Nicholas Britell||Pending|||
- Henry did not challenge Henry Hotspur to single combat to prevent a battle. He led his forces into battle against Hotspur under command of his father at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403. Hotspur was killed during the battle by an arrow to his head. Henry then spent the next five years in Wales leading an army in putting down the Welsh revolt led by Owain Glyndŵr.
- The film depicts Thomas as having died in battle against the Welsh shortly before the death of his and Henry's father. The real Thomas survived and served as an aide and counselor to his brother for most of his reign, dying about 15 months before his brother did.
- Historically Henry's falling out with his father was not because of pacifism, dissoluteness or lack of desire to wear the crown. The friction arose from Henry's desire to push his father (who was virtually incapacitated by illness) into abdicating in his favour.
- The historical Philippa of England (younger sister of Henry V) was from all accounts a very capable and shrewd person, who was very active in Danish state affairs. There is no record of her ever having returned to England after she left to marry the heir to the Danish throne in 1406, so she was not present to give any advice to her brother following his accession.
- William Gascoigne was not an advisor to either King Henry IV or Henry V. He was Chief Justice of England (roughly equivalent to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court). He was noted for his commitment to the principle that the head of state is subject to law. He was dismissed by Henry V shortly after he took the throne.
- The scene where Henry is unable to understand the Archbishop of Canterbury expounding on the Salic Law is contrary in spirit to the historical record. Henry supported his father in asserting his claim to the French throne. One of Henry's earliest diplomatic moves after assuming the throne, was to open negotiations with the French government to marry Catherine of Valois, requesting from the French a large dowry and acknowledgement of his right to the throne of France.
- There is no historical record of any assassination plot to kill Henry V that was attributed by Henry or anyone else, to the French king. The only assassination plot against the king was the Southampton Plot - led by a small cabal of English nobles. He dealt ruthlessly with the plotters and faced no further serious opposition during his reign.
- Falstaff is a fictional character invented by Shakespeare, possibly based on John Oldcastle - a Lollard religious leader and supporter of Henry V. Henry suppressed the Lollards, and Oldcastle turned against his former patron. Oldcastle was executed in 1417.
- The Dauphin Louis, Duke of Guyenne, who is the principle villain of the movie, was 18 years old at the time of the Battle of Agincourt. He spent his entire life being the pawn of the two factions (Armagnac and Burgundian) fighting for control of the reigning king Charles VI, who was incapacitated by reason of insanity. Louis was with his father at Rouen at the time of the battle, and died possibly of dysentery, two months later. Consequently Henry did not challenge the Dauphin (or anybody else) to single combat before the battle.
- No conversation between Henry V and Charles VI as portrayed in the film could ever have taken place. As noted above, Charles was insane and not compos mentis. The agreement for Henry to marry Catherine was reached with Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, whose army controlled Paris, and both Charles and Catherine.
- Catherine of Valois was only 14 years old at the time of Agincourt - more juvenile than the character shown in the film. There is no historical record whatsoever of her ever having taken any interest in affairs of state.
- Catherine's description of the reaction by Charles VI to the letter about the assassination plot is not historical; Charles VI was insane and incapable of reacting as Catherine described.
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With David Michôd he has written King, an adaptation of Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Parts I & II, and Henry V, for Warner Bros.
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