Thalassophonea

Thalassophonea is an extinct clade of pliosaurids from the Middle Jurassic to the early Late Cretaceous (Callovian - Turonian) of Australia, Europe, North America and South America. Thalassophonea was erected by Roger Benson and Patrick Druckenmiller in 2013. The name is derived from Greek thalassa (θάλασσα), "sea", and phoneus (φονεύς), "murderer". It is a stem-based taxon defined as "all taxa more closely related to Pliosaurus brachydeirus than to Marmornectes candrewi".[1]

Thalassophonea
Temporal range: Middle Jurassic-Late Cretaceous, Callovian–Turonian
Pliosaurus jaw.jpg
Pliosaurus macromerus jaw, Natural History Museum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Sauropterygia
Order: Plesiosauria
Family: Pliosauridae
Clade: Thalassophonea
Benson & Druckenmiller, 2013
Subgroups

The following cladogram follows an analysis by Benson & Druckenmiller (2014).[1]

Pliosauridae

Thalassiodracon

Hauffiosaurus

Attenborosaurus

Marmornectes

Thalassophonea

Peloneustes

"Pliosaurus" andrewsi

Simolestes

Liopleurodon

"Liopleurodon" rossicus

Pliosaurus

Gallardosaurus

Brachaucheninae

Brachauchenius

Kronosaurus

Megacephalosaurus

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Benson, R. B. J.; Druckenmiller, P. S. (2014) [first published online 2013]. "Faunal turnover of marine tetrapods during the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition". Biological Reviews. 89: 1–23. doi:10.1111/brv.12038. PMID 23581455.