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Texas State Highway 87

State Highway 87 or SH 87 runs for 249.4 miles (401.4 km) between Galveston, Texas (at a terminus shared with Interstate 45 and Spur 342) to U.S. Highway 59 and U.S. Highway 84 in Timpson, Texas.

State Highway 87 marker

State Highway 87
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length249.39 mi[1] (401.35 km)
Existed1923–present
Major junctions
South endI-45 (TX).svg I-45 in Galveston
 US 69.svgUS 96.svgUS 287.svg US 69/US 96/US 287 in Port Arthur
I-10 (TX).svgUS 90.svg I-10/US 90 in Orange
US 190.svg US 190 in Newton/US 96.svg US 96
North endI-69 (Future).svgUS 59.svgUS 84.svg Texas Spur 470.svg Future I-69/US 59/US 84/Spur 470 at Timpson
Highway system
US 87SH 88

Highway 87 has a notable stretch between Sea Rim State Park and High Island, Texas that has been washed out repeatedly over the decades and has been closed continuously since 1990.[2] Portions of this stretch were less than 100 feet (30 m) away from high tide in the 1990s. The storm surge from Hurricane Jerry which made landfall on October 15, 1989, left the highway in a state of disrepair. While talk about rebuilding the destroyed segment of State Highway 87 happens from time to time (for example, in 1998), there is no serious effort underway to do so.

A section of highway which is now known as the Warden Michael C. Pauling[3] Memorial Highway stretches from the Intracoastal Waterway Bridge to Sabine Pass on Texas 87.[4]

HistoryEdit

 
SH 87 approaching Gilchrist with damage from Hurricane Ike

SH 87 was originally designated on August 21, 1923[5] from Orange to Milam. The route was the previously proposed SH 8A before being renumbered. On September 16, 1926, SH 87 was extended to Port Arthur, though this was not taken over for maintenance until January 1, 1927.[6] An extension via High Island to Galveston was planned to be taken over when TXDOT could afford it. SH 87 Spur was designated on November 19, 1928, from Deweyville to Louisiana. On March 19, 1930, the north end was shortened to Hemphill. On August 1, 1930, SH 87 extended back to Milam, replacing SH 21 Spur. On May 5, 1931, it extended again, this time to High Island.[7] On November 22, 1933, SH 87 extended to Carter's Store.[8] On March 17, 1936, SH 87 replaced the section of SH 124 from High Island to Galveston.[9] On December 22, 1936, SH 87 was extended to its current terminus in Timpson.[10] On May 23, 1939, SH 87 Spur was designated to Wiergate.[11] On September 26, 1939, The spurs were changed to Spur 24 (Wiergate) and Spur 69 (Deweyville). On August 20, 1952, SH 87 was no longer concurrent with US 96 from Center to Carter's Store. In 1970, road machinery used in its construction accidentally dug up several cannonballs and crumbling kegs of black powder about 10 miles west of Sabine Pass. Further excavation eventually produced more kegs of black powder and several hundred cannonballs. The ammunition had been buried there by Confederate soldiers in what were the ditches of Fort Manhassett in 1865. Fort Manhassett was a series of earthworks constructed by the Confederacy in 1863 to defend the western approaches to Sabine Pass.[12] On January 28, 1987, SH 87 extended west 4.1 miles to Spur 342, replacing a section of US 75, which was decommissioned south of Dallas.

On November 19, 1926, a spur, SH 87A was designated from Bronson to Hemphill. On March 19, 1930, this route was erroneously omitted from the state highway log. On November 30, 1932, this road was added back to the state highway log, but was renumbered as SH 184.

Future workEdit

Two ferry routes and up to five ferries, currently operate on Galveston Bay, taking passengers from Port Bolivar to Galveston Island. Because of increasing traffic, especially during summer months, TxDOT was studying the possibility of building a bridge to connect Galveston Island or Pelican Island to the Bolivar Peninsula; however, the decision was made not to build the bridge.

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
GalvestonGalveston    I-45 north / Spur 342 (61st Street) / 71st Street – Houston, Scholes International AirportI-45 exit 1A
  SH 275 west (Harborside Drive / truck route)
  SH 168 north
  Galveston-Port Bolivar Ferry
Bolivar Peninsula  Loop 108 north – Port Bolivar
  Loop 108 south
  SH 124 north
Gap in route
JeffersonMcFaddin National Wildlife Refuge
  PR 69 – Sea Rim State Park
Sabine Pass  FM 3322 east – USCG
Port Arthurbridge over Gulf Intracoastal Waterway
  SH 82 – Houston, Cameron, Galveston
  Spur 215 north (Savannah Avenue)
    US 69 north / US 96 north / US 287 north (Woodworth Boulevard)Southern terminus of US 69/US 96/US 287
  SH 347 north (Jefferson Drive)
  SH 73 west / Taft Avenue / Procter Streetinterchange; south end of SH 73 overlap
  FM 366 – Groves, Port Nechesinterchange
Neches RiverVeterans Memorial Bridge / Rainbow Bridge
OrangeBridge City  FM 1442 north
Cow BayouCow Bayou Swing Bridge
    SH 62 north / SH 73 east to I-10 – Mauricevillenorth end of SH 73 overlap
  FM 1006 east
Orange    FM 105 to SH 62 / FM 1006 – West Orange
  
   Bus. US 90 west to I-10 – Pinehurst
south end of US 90 Bus. overlap
 
  Bus. US 90 east (West Green Avenue) – Lamar State College, Museums, Theaters
north end of US 90 Bus. overlap
  I-10 (US 90) – Lake CharlesI-10 exit 877
  FM 3247 northsouth end of FM 3247 overlap
  FM 3247 south – Little Cypressnorth end of FM 3247 overlap
Newton  SH 12 – Beaumont, Deweyville
  FM 253 – Buna
  FM 2829 east – Old Salem
  FM 1416 north – Bon Wier
Trout Creek   FM 1004 south to US 96
   FM 2460 east to FM 1416
Bleakwood  FM 363 – Kirbyville, Bon Wier
  FM 2939 west
Newton  Loop 505 north – Newton
  US 190 – Jasper, Newton, Deridder
  Loop 505 south – Newton
   FM 2626 south to US 190
   FM 1414 north to SH 63
   FM 1415 north to SH 63 – Shankleville
Burkeville  SH 63 – Jasper, Leesville
  FM 1415 south – Wiergate
Mayflower   RE 255 to US 96 – Toledo Bend Dam
Sabine  FM 3315 east
  FM 2928 east
Yellowpine  FM 2343 south
  FM 2426 west – Pineland
Hemphill  FM 944 east
  FM 83 westsouth end of FM 83 overlap
  SH 184 west
  FM 83 eastnorth end of FM 83 overlap
Milam  SH 21 – San Augustine, Many
Isla  FM 276 east (Carters Ferry Road) – Toledo Bend Reservoir
Sexton  FM 330 south – Geneva
Shelby  FM 353 west – San Augustine
  FM 1279 west
Patroon  FM 2261 east – East Hamilton
  FM 139 south – East Libertysouth end of FM 139 overlap
  FM 139 north – Strong, Ragtown Recreation Areanorth end of FM 139 overlap
  SH 147 south – San Augustine
Shelbyville  FM 417 westsouth end of FM 417 overlap
  FM 417 east – Huxleynorth end of FM 417 overlap
  FM 414 east
Center    Loop 500 to US 96 / SH 7 – San Augustine, Shelby College Center
   SH 7 (San Augustine Street / Cora Street) / FM 699 north (Logansport Street)traffic circle around Shelby County Courthouse
     US 96 (Hurst Street / Tenaha Street) to Loop 500 / SH 7 / SH 87 south – San Augustine, Tenaha
  FM 1645 southsouth end of FM 1645 overlap
  FM 1645 northnorth end of FM 1645 overlap
  FM 415 south – Silas, Stockman
Timpson  Spur 470 (Bear Drive)
   US 59 / US 84 (Future I-69)U.S. 59/U.S. 84 are the future Interstate 69
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, [1]
  2. ^ "TexasFreeway > Statewide > Photo Gallery > Texas 87 Closed".
  3. ^ "Slain Texas Game Warden Memorialized in Highway Dedication". Game Warden Education. Dec 14, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  4. ^ "House Bill 1963" (PDF). State of Texas. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  5. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676948.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673802.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673840.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673880.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673889.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676261.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Fort Manhassett: A Forgotten Chapter in the History of Sabine Pass, Texas

External linksEdit

  Media related to Texas State Highway 87 at Wikimedia Commons