The Neches River (/ˈnɪz/) begins in Van Zandt County west of Rhine Lake[2] and flows for 416 miles (669 km) through east Texas to its mouth on Sabine Lake near the Rainbow Bridge. Two major reservoirs, Lake Palestine and B. A. Steinhagen Reservoir are located on the Neches. Several cities are located along the Neches River Basin, including Tyler, Lufkin, Silsbee, Evadale, Beaumont, Vidor, Port Neches, Nederland, Groves, and Port Arthur.

Neches River
The KCS Railway bridge over the Neches River in Beaumont is a major transportation link for the region.
Neches Watershed.png
Map of the Neches River and associated watershed
Physical characteristics
 ⁃ locationEast of Colfax, Texas[1]
 ⁃ coordinates32°30′N 95°45′W / 32.500°N 95.750°W / 32.500; -95.750[1]
 ⁃ location
Sabine Lake[1]
 ⁃ coordinates
29°58′08″N 93°51′21″W / 29.96889°N 93.85583°W / 29.96889; -93.85583Coordinates: 29°58′08″N 93°51′21″W / 29.96889°N 93.85583°W / 29.96889; -93.85583
Length416 mi (669 km)[1]
Basin size10,011 sq mi (25,930 km2)[1]
Basin features
 ⁃ leftFlat Creek
Village Creek
Pine Island Bayou[1]
 ⁃ rightBayou La Nana
Ayish Bayou
Angelina River[1]
WaterbodiesRhine Lake
Lake Palestine
Steinhagen Reservoir[1]

Untamed riverEdit

With the exception of the manmade lakes, much of the river is in a natural state. For example, from Lake B.A. Steinhagen down to Beaumont, the Neches River flows through the Big Thicket National Preserve. This important ecosphere preserves the area where several ecosystems converge - an event that harkens back to the last glacial period. The Big Thicket Visitor Center is off U.S. Highway 69 several miles north of Kountze.

The Lower Neches Valley Authority is the river authority which oversees the Neches River in Tyler, Hardin, Liberty, Chambers, and Jefferson counties of Texas.

Beginning in 2006, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service purchased land along the Neches River for the creation of the Neches River National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge includes land on which the city of Dallas had proposed to build a reservoir to meet the water needs of the city and its surrounding suburbs. Tentatively named Lake Fastrill, this reservoir was not scheduled to be built until 2050.

The city of Dallas and the Texas Water Development Board filed a lawsuit in 2007 against the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, claiming the wildlife refuge was established without considering the economic and environmental impacts. However, in February 2010 the United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, paving the way for the acquisition of lands for the wildlife refuge.

Industrialized riverEdit

The lower forty miles of the river is industrialized, from the Beaumont Interstate 10 bridge to Sabine Lake. The river is maintained as a deep water ship channel running between the Port of Beaumont to Sabine Lake. Currently 40 feet deep and 400 ft wide, the river is being deepened to 48 feet. The total estimated cost of the Sabine-Neches Waterway project is $1.1 billion.[3]

Several petro-chemical plants are located in the river's southern section. The Sabine-Neches Navigation District, formed in 1909, has management responsibilities of the portion of the river which is part of the Sabine-Neches Waterway.[4]

Points of interestEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Neches River". Texas History Online. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  2. ^ "An Analysis of Texas Waterways". Texas Parks and Wildlife. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
  3. ^ Dan Wallach (May 22, 2014). "Senate approves Sabine-Neches Project". Hearst Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
  4. ^ "SNND". Sabine-Neches Navigation District. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2011-01-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit