Chambers County, Texas

Chambers County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 35,096.[2] The county seat is Anahuac.[3]

Chambers County
The Chambers County Courthouse in Anahuac
The Chambers County Courthouse in Anahuac
Map of Texas highlighting Chambers County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 29°42′N 94°41′W / 29.7°N 94.68°W / 29.7; -94.68
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1858
SeatAnahuac
Largest cityMont Belvieu
Area
 • Total871 sq mi (2,260 km2)
 • Land597 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Water274 sq mi (710 km2)  31%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2017)
41,441[1]
 • Density69/sq mi (27/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts14th, 36th
Websitewww.co.chambers.tx.us

Chambers County is one of the nine counties that comprise Greater Houston, the HoustonThe WoodlandsSugar Land metropolitan statistical area.

HistoryEdit

Mission Nuestra Señora de la Luz, a Spanish mission in Texas, was established in 1756 near what is now Wallisville.[4]

Chambers County was founded in 1858. It is named for Thomas Jefferson Chambers,[5] a major general in the Texas Revolution.

In 2019, Atlas Air Flight 3591, a cargo flight operating for Amazon Air, crashed in the Trinity Bay, in Chambers County and near Anahuac, while flying from Miami to Houston.[6]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 871 square miles (2,260 km2), of which 597 square miles (1,550 km2) are land and 274 square miles (710 km2) (31%) are covered by water.[7]

The south and southwestern parts of the county lie in the Galveston Bay Area on the shores of Trinity Bay and East Bay. A small portion of the southeastern area lies on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

State and local protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,508
18701,503−0.3%
18802,18745.5%
18902,2412.5%
19003,04635.9%
19104,23439.0%
19204,162−1.7%
19305,71037.2%
19407,51131.5%
19507,8714.8%
196010,37931.9%
197012,18717.4%
198018,53852.1%
199020,0888.4%
200026,03129.6%
201035,09634.8%
2019 (est.)43,837[8]24.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1850–2010[10] 2010–2014[2]

As of the census[11] of 2000, 26,031 people, 9,139 households, and 7,219 families were residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per sq mi (17/km2). The 10,336 housing units averaged 17 per sq mi (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.88% White, 9.77% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 6.02% from |other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. About 10.79% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

Of the 9,139 households, 40.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.70% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.00% were not families. About 17.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82, and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the age distribution was 28.90% under 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 9.00% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,964, and for a family was $52,986. Males had a median income of $43,351 versus $25,478 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,863. About 8.30% of families and 11.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

GovernmentEdit

Chambers County is governed by a five-member commissioners' court, consisting of the county judge and four county commissioners. The county judge is elected to four-year terms in a countywide election. Commissioners are elected to four-year terms from single-member districts.

Chambers County Commissioners' CourtEdit

Office Name Political party First elected Area(s) represented
  County judge Jimmy Sylvia Republican 1996 Countywide
  Commissioner, precinct 1 Jimmy E. Gore Republican 2016 Hankamer, Winnie, Seabreeze, Stowell, Wallisville, Winnie
  Commissioner, precinct 2 Mark Tice Republican 2018 Anahuac, Beach City, Cove, Double Bayou, Oak Island, Smith Point
  Commissioner, precinct 3 Gary R. Nelson Republican 2006 Mont Belvieu, Old River-Winfree
  Commissioner, precinct 4 Billy Combs Republican 2018 Baytown, Beach City

Elected officialsEdit

Office Name Political party
  County attorney Scott Peal Republican
  County clerk Heather H. Hawthorne Republican
  District attorney Cheryl Swope Lieck Republican
  District clerk Patti Henry Republican
  Sheriff Brian Hawthorne Republican
  Tax assessor-collector Denise Hutter Republican
  Treasurer Nicole Whittington Republican
County surveyor Michael W. Chandler

ConstablesEdit

Office Name Political party Area(s) represented
  Constable, precinct 1 Dennis Dugat Republican Stowell, Winnie
  Constable, precinct 2 Don Richard Langford Republican Anahuac, Turtle Bayou, Wallisville
  Constable, precinct 3 Donnie Standley Republican Double Bayou, Oak Island, Smith Point
  Constable, precinct 4 Ben L. "Butch" Bean Republican Mont Belvieu, Old River-Winfree
  Constable, precinct 5 Bradley W. Moon Republican Hankamer, Wallisville
  Constable, precinct 6 Robert Barrow Republican Baytown, Beach City, Cove

United States CongressEdit

Senators Name Political party First elected Level
  Senate Class 2 John Cornyn Republican 2002 Senior Senator
  Senate Class 1 Ted Cruz Republican 2012 Junior Senator
Representatives Name Political Party First Elected Area(s) Represented
  Texas's 14th District Randy Weber Republican 2012 A small, unpopulated portion of the county that extends to the Gulf of Mexico, across the Intercoastal Waterway.
  Texas's 36th District Brian Babin Republican 2014 All populated areas of the county

Texas LegislatureEdit

Texas SenateEdit

District Senator Political party First elected Area(s) represented
  4 Brandon Creighton Republican 2014 Countywide, district also covers all of Jefferson County and portions of Galveston, Harris, and Montgomery Counties

Texas House of RepresentativesEdit

District Representative Political party First elected Area(s) represented
  23 Mayes Middleton Republican 2018 Countywide, district also covers portions of Galveston County

State board of educationEdit

District Member Political party First elected Area(s) represented
  7 Matt Robinson Republican 2018 Countywide, district also covers all of Brazoria, Galveston, Hardin, Jasper, Jefferson, Liberty, Newton, Orange, Sabine, San Augustine, and Tyler Counties and portions of Fort Bend County


CourtsEdit

Justices of the peaceEdit

Office Name Political party
  Justice of the peace, precinct 1 Yale Devillier Republican
  Justice of the peace, precinct 2 Randy Van Deventer Republican
  Justice of the peace, precinct 3 Tracy Woody Republican
  Justice of the peace, precinct 4 Blake Sylvia Republican
  Justice of the peace, precinct 5 David Hatfield Republican
  Justice of the peace, precinct 6 Larry Ray Cryer Republican

District courtsEdit

Office Name Political party Area(s) represented
  253rd District Court Chap B. Cain, III Republican Countywide, district also covers Liberty County
  344th District Court Randy McDonald Republican Countywide

1st Court of AppealsEdit

Name Political party First elected
  Chief justice Sherry Radack Republican 2004, appointed in 2002
  Place 2 Gordon Goodman Democrat 2018
  Place 3 Russell Lloyd Republican 2014
  Place 4 Evelyn Keyes Republican 2002, First Appointed in May 2002
Place 5 Vacant 2020
  Place 6 Sarah Beth Landau Democrat 2018
  Place 7 Julie Countiss Democrat 2018
  Place 8 Richard Hightower Democrat 2018
  Place 9 Peter Kelly Democrat 2018

14th Court of AppealsEdit

Name Political party First elected
  Chief justice Kem Thompson Frost Republican 2014, first appointed in 1999
  Place 2 Kevin Jewell Republican 2016
  Place 3 Jerry Zimmerer Democrat 2018
  Place 4 Charles A. Spain Democrat 2018
  Place 5 Frances Bourliot Democrat 2018
  Place 6 Meagan Hassan Democrat 2018
  Place 7 Ken Wise Republican 2014, Appointed in 2013
  Place 8 Margaret "Meg" Poissant Democrat 2018
  Place 9 Tracy E. Christopher Republican 2010, appointed in 2009

PoliticsEdit

All elected county offices are represented by Republicans as of 2020 with the retirement of the Precinct 5 Constable Cecil. R. "Popeye" Oldham, a Democrat, who was last elected in 2016. Bradley Moon won the Republican primary on March 3, 2020, and had no opponent for the November 3, 2020, general election.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 79.2% 13,339 17.5% 2,948 3.3% 549
2012 80.0% 11,787 18.9% 2,790 1.1% 158
2008 75.1% 9,988 24.0% 3,188 0.9% 116
2004 74.0% 8,618 25.4% 2,953 0.7% 78
2000 69.0% 6,769 29.5% 2,888 1.5% 149
1996 52.4% 4,101 36.7% 2,876 10.9% 854
1992 40.6% 3,398 33.9% 2,832 25.5% 2,136
1988 54.5% 3,694 44.8% 3,035 0.8% 52
1984 61.8% 4,322 37.7% 2,632 0.5% 35
1980 54.1% 3,140 43.4% 2,517 2.6% 149
1976 37.8% 1,835 60.3% 2,927 1.9% 90
1972 66.4% 2,390 33.5% 1,206 0.2% 6
1968 29.4% 1,061 33.7% 1,217 36.9% 1,329
1964 34.6% 1,023 65.0% 1,921 0.4% 12
1960 44.7% 1,260 54.1% 1,524 1.1% 32
1956 63.5% 1,520 35.9% 860 0.5% 13
1952 57.2% 1,497 42.6% 1,116 0.2% 4
1948 21.7% 302 56.5% 787 21.8% 303
1944 13.5% 179 78.1% 1,038 8.4% 112
1940 14.6% 219 85.3% 1,279 0.1% 2
1936 12.0% 134 87.8% 984 0.3% 3
1932 9.7% 91 89.8% 843 0.5% 5
1928 51.4% 256 48.6% 242
1924 42.3% 239 55.8% 315 2.0% 11
1920 49.4% 278 42.6% 240 8.0% 45
1916 26.2% 101 61.9% 239 11.9% 46
1912 1.6% 4 86.5% 217 12.0% 30

EducationEdit

Public school districtsEdit

Higher educationEdit

Public librariesEdit

The Chambers County Library System operates three libraries in the county.

  • Chambers County Library (main branch) in Anahuac
  • Juanita Hargraves Memorial Branch in Winnie
  • Sam and Carmena Goss Memorial Branch in Mont Belvieu

TransportationEdit

Major highwaysEdit

AirportsEdit

The county operates two airports in unincorporated areas:

In addition, RWJ Airpark, a privately owned airport for public use, is located in Beach City.

The Houston Airport System stated that Chambers County is within the primary service area of George Bush Intercontinental Airport, an international airport in Houston in Harris County.[13]

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chambers County, Texas".
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ Alvarez, Elizabeth Cruce (Nov 8, 2011). Texas Almanac 2012–2013. Texas A&M University Press. pp. Contents. ISBN 9780876112571. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 74.
  6. ^ "Human remains found after Atlas Air cargo plane crashes in Chambers Co". KTRK-TV. 2019-02-23. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  10. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Master Plan Executive Summary Archived July 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." George Bush Intercontinental Airport Master Plan. Houston Airport System. December 2006. 2-1 (23/130). Retrieved on December 14, 2010.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 29°42′N 94°41′W / 29.70°N 94.68°W / 29.70; -94.68