Teodósio II, Duke of Braganza

Teodósio II, 7th Duke of Braganza (28 April 1568 – 29 November 1630) was a Portuguese nobleman and father of João IV of Portugal. He is known for his allegiance to King Philip I of Portugal.

Teodósio II
Teodosio II de Braganca.JPG
Duke of Braganza
Tenure22 February 1583 – 29 November 1630
PredecessorJoão I, 6th Duke of Braganza
SuccessorJoão II, 8th Duke of Braganza
Born28 April 1568
Vila Viçosa, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
Died29 November 1630(1630-11-29) (aged 62)
Vila Viçosa, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
SpouseAna de Velasco y Girón
among others...
João IV of Portugal
FatherJoão I, Duke of Braganza
MotherCatarina of Portugal
ReligionRoman Catholicism


D. Teodósio II.

As a child, Teodósio was brought to the court and made page to the king Sebastian I of Portugal. The king was very fond of him and in 1578 insisted on taking him to Africa in the expedition against the king of Morocco. This military campaign was doomed. During the ill-fated battle of Alcácer Quibir, Teodósio remained at the side of his king until the situation become extremely dangerous. Then, Sebastian ordered servants to take the ten-year-old child to safety behind the lines. The young man was not happy to be set aside and ran away at the first opportunity. Teodósio mounted a horse and went to the front lines of the battle, pursued by very scared servants. Eventually, like many others, he was wounded and taken prisoner. Back in Portugal, his father João went mad with grief and offered a fortune for the ransom of his heir. He also asked king Philip II of Spain to write to the king of Morocco in order to spare young Teodósio's life. There was no need for such alarm. Impressed by the tale of his courage in battle, the king of Morocco let the child go, safely and without ransom, in August 1579.

Meanwhile, in Portugal, the situation was one of unrest. With the disappearance of King Sebastian in the battle, the new king was Cardinal Henry I of Portugal an old childless man. Teodósio was the son of Infanta Catarina, an ambitious woman who, with her husband the Duke of Bragança, aspired to the throne. Philip II of Spain also aspired to the Portuguese throne and used every means to keep young Teodósio (great-grandson of King Manuel I and a possible threat) out of the country. Only when he had safely secured the crown did Philip II of Spain, now Philip I of Portugal, allow the child's return.

Teodósio became a duke in 1583 at his father's death and grew up to be a faithful servant of the Spanish king of Portugal. He defended Lisbon from the attacks of another candidate (António of Crato) and was responsible for the kingdom's security for many years. Acknowledging this fidelity, Philip I granted the Braganças more lands and titles.

Marriage and ChildrenEdit



External linksEdit

  Media related to Teodosio II of Braganza at Wikimedia Commons

Teodósio II, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 1568 Died: 1630
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by Duke of Braganza; Marquis of Vila Viçosa;
Count of Ourém, Neiva, and Arraiolos

Succeeded by
Duke of Barcelos