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Don Teodósio, Prince of Brazil, Duke of Braganza (Teodósio de Bragança; Portuguese pronunciation: [tiuˈdɔziu]; 8 February 1634 – 15 May 1653) was the heir apparent son of John IV of Portugal (first king of the House of Braganza) and his wife Luisa de Guzmán. In 1645, he was given the title of Prince of Brazil, a new crown princely position thus created. Also, his father granted him the duchy as 10th Duke of Braganza, presumably after his uncle Duarte died in 1649.
|Prince of Brazil, Duke of Braganza (more...)|
|Born||8 February 1634|
Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa, Vila Viçosa, Portugal
|Died||15 May 1653 (aged 19)|
Alcântara, Lisbon, Portugal
|House||House of Braganza|
|Father||John IV of Portugal|
|Mother||Luisa de Guzmán|
When the prince was 13 years old, he took part in the State Council's reunions.
Teodósio's death, on 15 May 1653, due to tuberculosis, caused great unrest in the kingdom. His next brother, the medically and mentally problem-ridden Afonso, succeeded him as Prince of Brazil, Duke of Braganza and heir apparent of the kingdom. Due to mental incapacity and impotence, Afonso would eventually be deposed by Peter II and died childless.
Teodósio was a gifted young man. He knew Greek and Latin, was keen on philosophy and well respected amongst the great intellectuals of the time.
He had a great interest in astrology. He had a collection of charts of his family and made predictions on several political subjects. His astrological interests were encouraged and aided by his tutor, the Jesuit priest António Vieira. Under the tutelage of astrologers of the day, he composed many astrological charts.
|Ancestors of Teodósio, Prince of Brazil|
- Sousa, António Caetano de (1735–1749). Historia genealogica da Casa Real Portugueza (PDF) (in Portuguese). Vol. VII. Lisbon. pp. 263–279.
- Andrade, Lucas de (1653). Breve relaçam do svmptvoso enterro qve se fes em 17. de Mayo de 1653. ao Serenissimo Principe o S. D. Theodosio, desde os Paços de Alcantara, ao Real Conuento de Belem, onde foy depositado (PDF) (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Antonio Aluarez Impressor Del Rey N.S.
Media related to Teodósio III of Braganza at Wikimedia Commons