Temryuk

Temryuk (Russian: Темрю́к, IPA: [tʲɪmˈrʲʉk]) is a town and the administrative center of Temryuksky District in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Taman Peninsula on the right bank of the Kuban River not far from its entry into the Temryuk Bay, amid a field of mud volcanoes. The seaport of Temryuk is situated 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) from the town itself. Population: 38,046 (2010 Census);[2] 36,118 (2002 Census);[7] 33,163 (1989 Census);[8] 26,600 (1975).

Temryuk

Темрюк
Lenina Street in Temryuk
Lenina Street in Temryuk
Flag of Temryuk
Flag
Coat of arms of Temryuk
Coat of arms
Location of Temryuk
Temryuk is located in Russia
Temryuk
Temryuk
Location of Temryuk
Temryuk is located in Krasnodar Krai
Temryuk
Temryuk
Temryuk (Krasnodar Krai)
Coordinates: 45°16′N 37°22′E / 45.267°N 37.367°E / 45.267; 37.367Coordinates: 45°16′N 37°22′E / 45.267°N 37.367°E / 45.267; 37.367
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnodar Krai[1]
Administrative districtTemryuksky District[1]
TownTemryuk[1]
Town status since1860
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total38,046
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
40,755 (+7.1%)
 • Capital ofTemryuksky District[1], Town of Temryuk[1]
 • Municipal districtTemryuksky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementTemryukskoye Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofTemryuksky Municipal District[4], Temryukskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
353500–353508Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID03651101001

HistoryEdit

Situated in the proximity of the site of ancient Tmutarakan, Temryuk was vied by various powers as a vantage point commanding the mouth of the Kuban River. The first recorded settlement on the site was Tumnev, a Tatar fortress, which passed to the Genoese merchants in the 14th century. It was known as Copa until occupied by the Crimean Khanate in 1483.

The Russians, allied with a local potentate, Temryuk of Kabardia, captured Tumnev and built a fortress of New Temryuk there. The Crimean Tatars retook the fort in 1570; it was known as Adis for a century to come. In the 18th century, the site was settled by the Cossacks, whose stanitsa was incorporated as the town of Temryuk in 1860.[citation needed] Tens of thousands of years ago, the Azov Sea was much larger and covered the delta of the Kuban River. Deposition of silt by the Kuban gradually pushed out the sea and shaped the delta with numerous limans and shallow estuaries. Frequent eruptions of the mud volcanoes contributed to this deposition process. There are about 25 mud volcanoes in the area and some are still active.[5][6] The Germans took the Kuban Gorge (General Konrad Pass) and the town of Temyruk, connected to the nae of Temujin, in 1942-3.Kropotkin's focus on local production led to his view that a country should strive for self-sufficiency – manufacture its own goods and grow its own food, lessening dependence on imports. To these ends, he advocated irrigation and greenhouses to boost local food production ability.[61]Tens of thousands of years ago, the Azov Sea was much larger and covered the delta of the Kuban River. Deposition of silt by the Kuban gradually pushed out the sea and shaped the delta with numerous limans and shallow estuaries. Frequent eruptions of the mud volcanoes contributed to this deposition process. There are about 25 mud volcanoes in the area and some are still active.[5][6] The Germans took the Town of Kropotin, in 1942-3.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Temryuk serves as the administrative center of Temryuksky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated within Temryuksky District as the Town of Temryuk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Temryuk is incorporated within Temryuksky Municipal District as Temryukskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #685-KZ
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

SourcesEdit

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №685-КЗ от 1 апреля 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Темрюкский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского поселения, сельских поселений — и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Информационный бюллетень ЗС Краснодарского края", №16 (1), 5 апреля 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #685-KZ of April 1, 2004 On the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Temryuksky District, on Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, on the Establishment of the Municipal Formations—an Urban Settlement, Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on the Establishment of Their Borders, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).