Tekkonkinkreet (鉄コン筋クリート, Tekkonkinkurīto[a]) is a Japanese three-volume seinen manga series written and illustrated by Taiyō Matsumoto, originally serialized from 1993 to 1994 in Shogakukan's Big Comic Spirits and first published in English as Tekkonkinkreet: Black & White.
Cover art of the first manga volume
|Genre||Adventure, coming-of-age, urban fantasy|
|Written by||Taiyō Matsumoto|
|Magazine||Big Comic Spirits|
|Original run||1993 – 1994|
|Directed by||Kōji Morimoto|
|Produced by||Hiroaki Takeuchi|
|Released||January 1, 1999|
|Directed by||Michael Arias|
|Written by||Anthony Weintraub|
|Licensed by||Sony Pictures|
|Released||December 22, 2006|
The story takes place in the fictional city of Takaramachi (Treasure Town) and centers on a pair of orphaned street kids – the tough, canny Kuro (Black) and the childish, innocent Shiro (White), together known as the Cats – as they deal with yakuza attempting to take over Treasure Town.
A pilot film directed by Kōji Morimoto was released on January 1, 1999.
While the manga follows multiple plot threads, the film adaptation consists of most plots shown in the manga.
The film follows two orphans, Kuro (クロ "Black") and Shiro (シロ "White"), as they attempt to keep control of the streets of the pan-Asian metropolis of Takaramachi, once a flourishing town and now a huge, crumbling slum fraught with warring between criminal gangs. Kuro is a violent and streetwise punk, considering Takaramachi to be "his town". Shiro is younger and appears to be mentally impaired, out of touch with the world around him and often living in a world of illusions. They call themselves "the Cats". Despite their extreme differences, they complement and support each other, similar to the Chinese Taoist principle of yin and yang.
During one of their "missions", they take on thugs and Kuro ends up beating up three Yakuza gang members who are menacing a street gangster friend of his. The Yakuza work for Snake (蛇), the head of a corporation called "Kiddy Kastle". Snake plans to tear down and rebuild Takaramachi as a theme park to fit his own goals and dreams. When Kuro interferes once too often, Yakuza are sent to kill him, but fail. Angered, Snake then sends the deadly "three assassins" known as Dragon, Butterfly, and Tiger, near-superhuman hitmen, to finish the job.
In order to save Kuro and himself, Shiro has to kill the first assassin Dragon by tipping gasoline and setting it alight, burning him alive. The second assassin Butterfly pursues Shiro and stabs him with a samurai sword. Shiro is then sent to the hospital. The police, who have been watching both Snake and the two youngsters, decide to take Shiro into protective custody "for his own good", while Kuro watches Shiro go knowing he would be too hard to look after while being hunted. Kuro later falls into a depressive state.
Alongside the children's narrative is a story is told through the eyes of Kimura (木村), an average man who gets caught up in the Yakuza, leading him to have a violent encounter with Kuro. Eventually, Kimura is forced by Snake to kill his former boss and mentor, Suzuki (鈴木), to remove possible competition. While Kimura fulfills his mission, he is deeply shocked by having murdered his mentor. Summoned once again by Snake, Kimura rebels and kills the Yakuza boss, before attempting to flee with his pregnant wife from Takaramachi. He is gunned down in a drive-by shooting by Snake's men.
While the police feel it is for the best for Shiro to remain with them outside Takaramachi, Shiro feels empty without Kuro there for support. In parallel, without Shiro, Kuro soon begins to lose grip on reality and allows his violence to consume him. He soon develops a split personality, with his dark side manifesting as the "minotaur". Things reach a climax when Shiro is brought back to Takaramachi by one of the officers and taken to a local fair. There, a delusional Kuro is trying to show people that "Shiro", in reality a mocked-up doll, has returned to life. When Kuro is attacked by Snake's two remaining assassins, the doll is damaged and Kuro flies into a murderous rage, killing the assassins. It is then that he is confronted by the real Shiro, and is forced to fight the "minotaur", who wishes to completely consume him. Kuro manages to triumph over his dark side and reunites with Shiro, last seen playing in the beach.
Tekkonkinkreet is a three-volume seinen manga series by Taiyō Matsumoto, which was originally serialized in Japan from 1993 to 1994 in Shogakukan's Big Comic Spirits and first published in English as Tekkonkinkreet: Black & White.
|1||February 7, 1994||ISBN 4-09-184731-5|
|2||April 4, 1994||ISBN 4-09-184732-3|
|3||May 30, 1994||ISBN 4-09-184733-1|
All in OneEdit
|No.||Japanese release date||Japanese ISBN||English release date||English ISBN|
|December 15, 2006||ISBN 4-09-181033-0||September 25, 2007||ISBN 978-1-4215-1867-1|
A CG-animated pilot film was released in 1999. The film was directed by Kōji Morimoto and had character models designed by Naoko Sugita. Hiroaki Takeuchi was the producer, Lee Fulton was the animation supervisor, and the 2006 feature-length film's director, Michael Arias, served as CG director. The entire 4-minute short was completed with a staff of 12 people.
All three manga issues were adapted into a 2006 feature-length Japanese anime film of the same name, directed by Michael Arias and animated by Studio 4°C. The film Tekkonkinkreet premiered in Japan on December 23, 2006. The city featured in Tekkonkinkreet was deemed as "the central character of the film" and the city's design was inspired by the cityscapes of Tokyo, Japan, Hong Kong, Shanghai, China and Colombo, Sri Lanka to give a pan-Asian feel to the city. The English electronic music duo Plaid composed the music. Asian Kung-Fu Generation performed the theme song for the film "Aru Machi no Gunjō".
The film featured the following cast:
|Character||Japanese Cast||English Cast**|
|Kuro(Black)/The Minotaur||Kazunari Ninomiya||Scott Menville|
|Shiro(White)||Yū Aoi||Kamali Minter|
|Kimura||Yūsuke Iseya||Rick Gomez|
|Sawada||Kankurō Kudō||Tom Kenny|
|Suzuki aka Rat||Min Tanaka||David Lodge|
|Fujimura||Tomomichi Nishimura||Maurice LaMarche|
|The Boss||Mugihito||John DiMaggio|
|Choco||Nao Ōmori||Alex Fernandez|
|Vanilla||Yoshinori Okada||Quinton Flynn|
|Dawn||Yukiko Tamaki||Yuri Lowenthal|
|Dusk||Mayumi Yamaguchi||Phil LaMarr|
|Snake||Masahiro Motoki||Dwight Schultz|
|Kimura's Wife*||Marina Inoue||Kate Higgins|
|The Doctor*||Osamu Kobayashi||Steven Jay Blum|
|The Three Assassins
(Dragon, Butterfly and Tiger)
- * - Minor Role
- ** - Not credited on the DVD
Joseph Luster, speaking on the film, felt that the brotherly bond between the protective Black and the endearing White was the heart of the manga. Chris Beveridge, writing in Mania, declared: "While it may not be what anime fans have come to expect for a traditional film, the end result is something that while predictable is surprisingly engaging." Chris Johnston of Newtype USA wrote: "Regardless of how much you watch this one, though, this is a film that no serious anime fan should miss.".
The manga won the 2008 Eisner Award for "Best U.S. Edition of International Material—Japan".Tekkonkinkreet won the "Best Film Award" at the 2006 Mainichi Film Awards. It was also named Barbara London's top film of 2006 in the annual "Best of" roundup by the New York Museum of Modern Art's Artforum magazine. In 2008, it received "Best Original Story" and "Best Art Direction" from the Tokyo International Anime Fair. It won the 2008 Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year.
- A child's mispronunciation of "Tekkin Konkurito" [steel-reinforced concrete].
- "The Official Website for Tekkonkinkreet". Viz Media. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
- Cha, Kai-Ming (January 1, 2008). "Top 10 Manga for 2007". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- "Tekkonkinkreet and Poppy Hill Screenings on Film4". Anime News Network. July 29, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- "Sony Confirms Tekkonkinkreet Blu-Ray Disc, DVD Details". Anime News Network. July 19, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- Wallace, Julia (April 24, 2007). "Tracking Shots: Tekkonkinkreet". Film. The Village Voice. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
- "Michael Arias's Tekkonkinkreet". The Museum of Modern Art 2007 Film Exhibitions. MoMA.org. 2007. Archived from the original on May 3, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
- Amid (March 21, 2006). "Studio 4°C's TEKKON KINKURITO". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
- 鉄コン筋クリート 1 (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- 鉄コン筋クリート 2 (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- 鉄コン筋クリート 3 (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- 鉄コン筋クリート All in One (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- "TEKKONKINKREET: Black & White". Viz Media. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- Rumi Hiwasa; translated by Alun Simpson. "XSI User Profile: Studio 4 °C". www.softimage.com. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- Schilling, Mark (December 21, 2006). "Outlander gazes into Showa's soul". The Japan Times. Retrieved April 25, 2007.
- Wallace, Bruce (February 4, 2007). "His adopted home is called Treasure Town". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
He sculpted his images from the Tokyo neighborhoods he knows and loves but also borrowed from cityscapes in Hong Kong, Shanghai and Colombo, Sri Lanka, to give his metropolis a pan-Asian feel.
- "North American Premiere: Tekkonkinkreet at the MoMA". Anime News Network. April 23, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
- "ASIAN KUNG-FU GENERATION 映画「鉄コン筋クリート」主題歌を担当! !". Hot Express (in Japanese). Plantech, Co Ltd. August 14, 2006. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
- "Tekkonkinkreet". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
- "Tekkonkinkreet". Metacritic. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
- Beveridge, Chris (October 5, 2007). "Tekkon Kinkreet". Mania. Archived from the original on September 25, 2010.
- Johnston, Chris (October 2007). "Tekkon Kinkreet". Newtype USA. Vol. 6 no. 10. p. 97. ISSN 1541-4817.
- "映画「鉄コン筋クリート」OFFICIAL BLOG － TOL ブログ(Blog) 芸能人・有名人・ツタヤのお店がエンタメを語る～" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- "GreenCine Daily: Artforum. Best of 2006". Archived from the original on July 23, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- Eva 1.0 Wins Tokyo Anime Fair's Animation of the Year - Anime News Network
- "Animation of the year" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on March 16, 2008. Retrieved March 30, 2008.
- Wong, Amos (January 2007). "Tekkon Kinkreet". Newtype USA. Vol. 6 no. 1. p. 99. ISSN 1541-4817.
- Campbell, Scott (September 23, 2007). "TEKKON KINKREET – BLACK & WHITE (ADVANCED REVIEW)". activeAnime. Archived from the original on December 13, 2013.
- Scholes, Sandra (July 28, 2008). "TEKKON KINKREET BLACK & WHITE – ALL IN ONE (ADVANCE REVIEW)". activeAnime. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013.
- (in Japanese) Tekkonkinkreet official site
- Tekkonkinkreet official site at Sony Pictures
- Tekkonkinkreet trailer
- Tekkonkinkreet (manga) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
- Tekon kinkurîto on IMDb