Tarko-Sale (Russian: Та́рко-Сале́, Nenets: Тарка’ саля, Tarkaꜧ salja; Forest Nenets: Таӆка’ хаӆя) is a town and the administrative center of Purovsky District in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is located on the Pyakupur River near its confluence with the Ayvasedapur river, 560 kilometers (350 mi) southeast of Salekhard the administrative center of the autonomous okrug. The population of Tarko-Sale was 20,398 (2010 Census);[2] 18,517 (2002 Census);[6] 17,400 (1989 Census).[7]

Tarko-Sale
Тарко-Сале
Purovsky District Administration building in Tarko-Sale
Purovsky District Administration building in Tarko-Sale
Flag of Tarko-Sale
Coat of arms of Tarko-Sale
Location of Tarko-Sale
Tarko-Sale is located in Russia
Tarko-Sale
Tarko-Sale
Location of Tarko-Sale
Tarko-Sale is located in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Tarko-Sale
Tarko-Sale
Tarko-Sale (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
Coordinates: 64°55′N 77°48′E / 64.917°N 77.800°E / 64.917; 77.800Coordinates: 64°55′N 77°48′E / 64.917°N 77.800°E / 64.917; 77.800
CountryRussia
Federal subjectYamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administrative districtPurovsky District[1]
Founded1932
Town status sinceMarch 23, 2004
Elevation
22 m (72 ft)
Population
 • Total20,398
 • Capital ofPurovsky District[1]
 • Municipal districtPurovsky Municipal District[3]
 • Urban settlementTarko-Sale Urban Settlement[3]
 • Capital ofPurovsky Municipal District[3], Tarko-Sale Urban Settlement[3]
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[4])
Postal code(s)[5]
629850, 629851
OKTMO ID71940000001
Websitewww.tsgrad-adm.ru

HistoryEdit

Tarko-Sale was founded in 1932, granted urban-type settlement status in 1976, and town status on March 23, 2004.[8]

The Purovsky District Museum of History and Local Lore is located in Tarko-Sale. The museum houses over 26,990 items in its collection, including items related to natural history, ethnography, archeology, local history, and fine art.[9]

GeographyEdit

Tarko-Sale is located near the Yamal and Gyda peninsulas, south of the Kara Sea. It lies just south of the Arctic Circle, in the Northern Temperate Zone. It has a subarctic climate with the Köppen climate classification Dfc.

Nearby towns include Gubinsky, Muravlenko, and Urengoy, as well as the Kharampur and Urengoy gas fields. The nearest city is Novy Urengoy.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Tarko-Sale
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
3.4
(38.1)
6.8
(44.2)
15.1
(59.2)
30.0
(86.0)
33.4
(92.1)
34.5
(94.1)
31.6
(88.9)
26.3
(79.3)
17.5
(63.5)
3.9
(39.0)
1.7
(35.1)
34.5
(94.1)
Average high °C (°F) −20.0
(−4.0)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
5.0
(41.0)
17.0
(62.6)
21.6
(70.9)
17.1
(62.8)
9.4
(48.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
−12.5
(9.5)
−17.0
(1.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −24.2
(−11.6)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−14.2
(6.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
0.8
(33.4)
12.2
(54.0)
16.7
(62.1)
12.9
(55.2)
6.1
(43.0)
−3.6
(25.5)
−16.3
(2.7)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−5.1
(22.8)
Average low °C (°F) −28.4
(−19.1)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−13.0
(8.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
7.3
(45.1)
11.8
(53.2)
8.7
(47.7)
2.8
(37.0)
−6.4
(20.5)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−9.4
(15.1)
Record low °C (°F) −54.2
(−65.6)
−49.5
(−57.1)
−46.5
(−51.7)
−41.1
(−42.0)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−7.8
(18.0)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.2
(26.2)
−7.9
(17.8)
−32.7
(−26.9)
−45.0
(−49.0)
−51.9
(−61.4)
−54.2
(−65.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.5
(1.08)
24.6
(0.97)
27.9
(1.10)
33.4
(1.31)
38.1
(1.50)
55.5
(2.19)
65.4
(2.57)
75.4
(2.97)
52.3
(2.06)
57.5
(2.26)
39.5
(1.56)
35.0
(1.38)
532.1
(20.95)
Source: Тарко-Сале погода

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Tarko-Sale serves as the administrative center of Purovsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Tarko-Sale is incorporated within Purovsky Municipal District as Tarko-Sale Urban Settlement.[3]

EconomyEdit

Russia's largest independent gas producer, Novatek, is headquartered in Tarko-Sale. Oil and natural gas production is a key industry in the region, with an estimated 80% of Russia's natural gas and 15% of the world's natural gas supply stored in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.[10]

Tarko-Sale also hosts a wood processing plant by Yamal LPK LLC (Ямальский лесопромышленный комплекс), which produces glued laminated timber and MHM panels.[11][12]

The Tarko-Sale Airport was founded in 1962 and expanded greatly after the discovery of oil and natural gas deposits in the area in the 1970s.[13][14] Its IATA code is TQL.[15]

A 500kV substation is scheduled to be built in Tarko-Sale in 2021-2022.[16]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #42-ZAO
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #113-ZAO
  4. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  7. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  8. ^ "Map - Tarko-Sale - MAP[N]ALL.COM". www.mapnall.org. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  9. ^ "Пуровский районный историко-краеведческий музей". www.purmuseum.ru. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  10. ^ "Пресс-центр : Пресс-релизы и мероприятия | Сообщение ПАО "НОВАТЭК" в отношении танкеров ледового класса Arc7". www.novatek.ru (in Russian). Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  11. ^ "Строительство деревянных домов в Тарко-Сале под ключ, проекты и цены - Ямальский ЛПК". www.xn--j1abm6d.xn--p1ai (in Russian). Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  12. ^ "Reports on LLC Yamalsky lesopromyshlenny complex - INN 8905052338". companyinspector.com. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  13. ^ "Tarko-Sale Airport | Wilson Center". arcticinfrastructure.wilsoncenter.org. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  14. ^ "Аэропорт Тарко-Сале - Онлайн табло вылета и прилета, расписание рейсов самолетов, авиабилеты, адрес, телефон, справочная прибытие и отправление". Авиатека (in Russian). July 21, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  15. ^ "Региональные аэропорты России - справочник, список, города". Авиатека (in Russian). December 8, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  16. ^ "Tarko-Sale Substation, Russia". Power Technology. September 7, 2021. Retrieved January 25, 2022.

SourcesEdit

  • Государственная Дума Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №42-ЗАО от 6 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа», в ред. Закона №123-ЗАО от 6 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа в части изменения вида населённого пункт Тазовский путём отнесения его к сельским пунктам и наделении муниципального образования посёлок Тазовский статусом сельского поселения». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №119, 13 октября 2006 г. (State Duma of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #42-ZAO of October 6, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #123-ZAO of December 6, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Due to Changing the Status of the Inhabited Locality of Tazovsky to a Rural Locality and on Granting the Municipal Formation of the Settlement of Tazovsky the Status of a Rural Settlement. Effective as of the day upon expiration of ten days from the official publication date.).
  • Государственная Дума Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №113-ЗАО от 20 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом, определении административного центра и установлении границ муниципальных образований Пуровского района», в ред. Закона №102-ЗАО от 28 октября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа "О наделении статусом, определении административного центра и установлении границ муниципальных образований Пуровского района"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", спецвыпуск №6, 31 января 2005 г. (State Duma of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #113-ZAO of December 20, 2004 On Granting the Status, Determining the Administrative Center, and Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Purovsky District, as amended by the Law #102-ZAO of October 28, 2013 On Amending the Law of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug "On Granting the Status, Determining the Administrative Center, and Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Purovsky District". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).