Novatek (Russian: ОАО «НОВАТЭК», MCXNVTK, LSENVTK) is Russia's second-largest natural gas producer, and the seventh-largest publicly traded company globally by natural gas production volume.[2] The company was originally known as OAO FIK Novafininvest. Novatek is based in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Region in West Siberia, and maintains a sales office in Moscow. In the 2020 Forbes Global 2000, Novatek was ranked as the 316th-largest public company in the world.[3]

Novatek OAO
TypePublic (OAO)
IndustryOil and gas
FoundedAugust 1994; 26 years ago (1994-08)
FounderLeonid Mikhelson
Key people
Alexander Y. Natalenko (chairman of the board of directors)
Leonid Mikhelson (chairman of the management board)
Natural gas
Revenue$9.84 billion[1] (2020)
$1.56 billion[1] (2020)
$1.09 billion[1] (2020)
Total assets$28.5 billion[1] (2020)
Total equity$22.7 billion[1] (2020)
Number of employees
5,997 [2]

The company is not to be confused with Novatek Inc, a US company that produces synthetic diamonds for the oil and gas industry, or Novatek Microelectronics Corp., a supplier of display controller integrated circuits, or Novatek AS, a Norwegian engineering company.


In 2006, the company produced roughly thirty billion cubic metres (1.1 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas. By 2010, production had grown to 37.2×10^9 m3 (1.31×10^12 cu ft), and in 2011 to 52.9×10^9 m3 (1.87×10^12 cu ft)[4][5] In 2010, Novatek supplied 13% of the domestic market and accounted for 32% of non-Gazprom production.[6][5] Total reserves amount to 9.4×10^9 BOE (5.8×1010 GJ) using the Securities and Exchange Commission methodology.[5][7] Regarding dry sales gas, Novatek operates only in the domestic market, which is characterized by artificially low prices. Novatek's earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization and net profit margin in 2011 were 49% and 32%, respectively.[5]

The major gas field owned by Novatek is the Yurkharovskoye field.[8] On 27 May 2009, Novatek bought a 51% stake in Yamal LNG from Volga Resources, which controls the giant South-Tambeyskoye field.[9] On 2 July 2010, Novatek purchased Tambeyneftegas, which holds the licence to the Arctic Malo-Yamalskoye field, located on the Yamal Peninsula and holding 161×10^9 m3 (5.7×10^12 cu ft) of natural gas and 14.4 million tonnes of gas condensate.[10] Novatek and Gazprom plan to build a liquefied natural gas plant in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.[11] Total S.A. will also be involved as a 20% shareholder.[12] Together with Total S.A., Novatek is developing the Termokarstovoye field in Yamal.[13]

In December 2010, Novatek bought a 51% stake in Sibneftegaz from Gazprombank (Itera owns 49% of the shares).[14] Sibneftegaz holds licences for exploration and production in the Yamal-Nenets region, including for the Beregovoye field, Pyreinoye field, Zapadno-Zapolyarnoye field, and the Khadyryakhinskiy licence area.[15] Sibneftegaz owns rights to develop oil and gas condensate fields with a total resource of 395.53 bcm of natural gas and 8.44 million tonnes of gas condensate.[16]

In 2011, Novatek was awarded licences to develop the Geofizichenskoye field, Salmanovskoye (Utrenneye) field, Severo-Obskoye field, and Vostochno-Tambeiskoye field.[17]

In addition, Novatek has acquired these companies:

Old company logo.

Novatek is developing the Sabetta port, in a joint project with the Russian government. This port would allow LNG exports by sea from the Yamal Peninsula.[18]

Novatek has been ranked as being among the 13th-best of 92 oil, gas, and mining companies on indigenous rights in the Arctic.[19]


Novatek is a public company with shares traded on the London and Moscow stock exchanges. The major shareholders of Novatek are Leonid Michelson, the CEO, with around 28% of the shares, Volga Group with 23% of shares, Total S.A. with 16%, and Gazprom with 9.4%.[20][21][22]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e "Financial Results 2020" (PDF). Novatek. 17 February 2021. p. 74. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Novatek 2013 Annual Report" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Forbes Global 2000". Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  4. ^ Gyetvay, M., 2012. Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2011 Operational and Financial Results. Novatek, Moscow
  5. ^ a b c d Lunden, Lars; Fjaertoft, Daniel; Overland, Indra; Prachakova, Alesia (2013-10-01). "Gazprom vs. other Russian gas producers: The evolution of the Russian gas sector". Energy Policy. 61: 663–670. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.06.055.
  6. ^ Madick, G., 2011, Novatek—Dawn of a New Decade. In: Proceedings of Deutsche Bank Global Emerging Markets One-on-One Conference, New York. http://–DB_NYC_GEM_1on1.pdf
  7. ^ Novatek, 2012. NOVATEK Announces Year-end 2011 Reserves. Press Release. http://
  8. ^ "Novatek boosts flow from Arctic field". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. 2009-10-19. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  9. ^ Zhdannikov, Dmitry (2009-05-27). "Russian oil trade king buys more gas assets". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  10. ^ Bachman, Jessica (2010-07-02). "Russia's Novatek acquires new arctic field". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  11. ^ Pitt, Anthea (2010-06-21). "Russian duo team up in Yamal". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  12. ^ "Total to buy Novatek stake for $4bn". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. 2011-03-02. (subscription required). Retrieved 2011-03-03.
  13. ^ "Putin nod for Total-Novatek plan". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. 2009-06-24. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  14. ^ "Novatek offers Sibneftegaz buyback". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  15. ^ Begum, Aleya (2010-12-17). "Novatek seals Sibneftegaz stake". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  16. ^ Soldatkin, Vladimir (2010-11-16). "Russia's Novatek to pay $900 mln for Sibneftegaz". Reuters. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  17. ^ "Novatek wins new Yamal licences". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. 2011-08-30. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
  18. ^ "Construction of Sabetta port to start this summer". Barents Observer. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  19. ^ Overland, Indra (2016). "Ranking Oil, Gas and Mining Companies on Indigenous Rights in the Arctic". ResearchGate. Arran. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  20. ^ Paxton, Robin (2010-03-05). "Timchenko's fund becomes largest Novatek owner". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  21. ^ "Novatek sale 'below market price'". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. 2011-02-10. (subscription required). Retrieved 2011-02-15.
  22. ^ "Total increased its stake in NOVATEK".

External linksEdit