Tannerella forsythia

Tannerella forsythia is an anaerobic, Gram-negative bacterial species of the Cytophaga-Bacteroidetes family. It has been implicated in periodontal diseases and is a member of the red complex of periodontal pathogens.[1][2] T. forsythia was previously named Bacteroides forsythus and Tannerella forsythensis.[3][4][5][6]

Porphyromonadaceae
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T. forsythia
Binomial name
Tannerella forsythia
Sakamoto 2002

Tannerella forsythia was discovered by and named after Dr. Anne Tanner who works at The Forsyth Institute located in Cambridge, Massachusetts.[citation needed]

T. forsythia has been identified in atherosclerotic lesions. Lee et al. found that infecting mice with T. forsythia induced foam cell formation and accelerated the formation of atherosclerotic lesions.[7] It has also been isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis.[8] The presence of oral T. forsythia has been found to be associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 'Tannerella forsythensis ATCC 43037'. atcc.org
  2. ^ Tanner AC, Izard J (2006). "Tannerella forsythia, a periodontal pathogen entering the genomic era". Periodontology 2000. 42: 88–113. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0757.2006.00184.x. PMID 16930308.
  3. ^ Cionca N, Giannopoulou C, Ugolotti G, Mombelli A (January 2010). "Microbiologic testing and outcomes of full-mouth scaling and root planing with or without amoxicillin/metronidazole in chronic periodontitis". Journal of Periodontology. 81 (1): 15–23. doi:10.1902/jop.2009.090390. PMID 20059413.
  4. ^ Sakamoto M, Suzuki M, Umeda M, Ishikawa I, Benno Y (May 2002). "Reclassification of Bacteroides forsythus (Tanner et al. 1986) as Tannerella forsythensis corrig., gen. nov., comb. nov". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 52 (Pt 3): 841–849. doi:10.1099/00207713-52-3-841. PMID 12054248.
  5. ^ Maiden MF, Cohee P, Tanner AC (November 2003). "Proposal to conserve the adjectival form of the specific epithet in the reclassification of Bacteroides forsythus Tanner et al. 1986 to the genus Tannerella Sakamoto et al. 2002 as Tannerella forsythia corrig., gen. nov., comb. nov. Request for an Opinion". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 53 (Pt 6): 2111–2. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02641-0. PMID 14657155.
  6. ^ Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. (August 2008). "The adjectival form of the epithet in Tannerella forsythensis Sakamoto et al. 2002 is to be retained and the name is to be corrected to Tannerella forsythia Sakamoto et al. 2002. Opinion 85". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 58 (Pt 8): 1974. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.2008/005074-0. PMID 18676491.
  7. ^ Lee HR, Jun HK, Choi BK (November 2014). "Tannerella forsythia BspA increases the risk factors for atherosclerosis in ApoE(-/-) mice". Oral Diseases. 20 (8): 803–8. doi:10.1111/odi.12214. PMID 24372897.
  8. ^ Africa CW, Nel J, Stemmet M (July 2014). "Anaerobes and bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: virulence factors contributing to vaginal colonisation". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 11 (7): 6979–7000. doi:10.3390/ijerph110706979. PMC 4113856. PMID 25014248.
  9. ^ Oral microbiota indicates link between periodontal disease, esophageal cancer. Science Daily. December 1, 2017

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