Tamuning, Guam

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Tamuning, also known as Tamuning-Tumon-Harmon (Chamorro: Tamuneng) is a village located on the western shore of the United States territory of Guam. The village of Tamuning is the economic center of Guam, containing tourist center Tumon, Harmon Industrial Park, and other commercial districts. Its central location along Marine Corps Drive, the island's main thoroughfare, has aided in its development.

Tamuning
Tamuneng
St. Anthony Catholic Church in Tamuning
Location of Tamuning within the Territory of Guam
Location of Tamuning within the Territory of Guam
Coordinates: 13°29′02″N 144°46′36″E / 13.48389°N 144.77667°E / 13.48389; 144.77667
CountryUnited States
TerritoryGuam
Government
 • MayorLouise C. Rivera (R)
 • Vice MayorAlbert M. Toves (R)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total18,489
Time zoneUTC+10 (ChST)
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19605,944
197010,21871.9%
198013,58032.9%
199016,67322.8%
200018,0128.0%
201019,6859.3%
202018,489−6.1%
Source:[1]

Tamuning is the site of the access roads and the old passenger terminal of Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport, the passenger airport for Guam.[2] Fort Juan Muña, in Harmon, is a facility for the Guam Army National Guard.

The present and former locations of Guam Memorial Hospital, Guam's only civilian and government operated hospital, are in Tamuning. With Guam's only private birthing center[3] also in the village, most modern civilian births on Guam take place in Tamuning.

Etymology

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Houses of Carolininans, possibly in Tamuning, in 1899 or 1900

The ancient Chamorro word for Tamuning was Apurgan or Apotgan. "Tamuning" is a Carolinian word that was given to the area where Carolinians settled after an earthquake on January 25, 1849, near Guam caused a tsunami that devastated Lamotrek and Satawal. It is possibly the name of the clan of a Carolinian chief, though the American administration relocated the Carolinians to Saipan in the early 1900s. The area was also called Maria Christina in the 19th century.[4]

Geography

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The Federal government of the United States owns portions of the land in Tamuning; the Government of Guam stated that it was one of several villages that are "characterized primarily by the large proportion of land owned by the federal government".[5]

Economy

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Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport old terminal - Continental Micronesia headquarters

Beside the tourist district of Tumon, Tamuning is home to the Guam Premier Outlets, one of three major shopping centers of the island. United Airlines is headquartered in the old terminal building at Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport in Tamuning.[6][7] United Airlines, with about 1,400 jobs, is Guam's largest single employer.[8]

As of January 2024, Tamuning is home to one of only six Kmart stores left worldwide.[9]

Demographics

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The U.S. Census Bureau has the municipality in multiple census-designated places: Tamuning,[10] Apotgan,[11] Harmon Industrial Park,[12] Oka,[13] Tumon,[14] and Upper Tumon.[15]

Infrastructure and government

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Government of Guam

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The Guam Department of Land Management and the Guam Economic Development Authority have their headquarters in the Guam International Trade Center (ITC) Building in Tamuning.[16][17]

The Guam Power Authority has its headquarters in Harmon, Tamuning.[18]

The Guam Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse has its main facility in Tamuning, across from Guam Memorial Hospital.[19][20]

U.S. federal government

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The United States Postal Service operates the Tamuning Post Office at 143 Edward T. Calvo Memorial Parkway.[21]

Climate

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Under the Köppen climate classification, Tamuning features a tropical rainforest climate. While the town does experience a noticeably drier season from February through April, it does not have a true dry season as all months average more than 60 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation. Tamuning averages roughly 2,300 mm (91 in) of precipitation annually, while maintaining relatively consistent temperatures throughout the course of the year.

Climate data for Tamuning, Guam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 85.1
(29.5)
85.3
(29.6)
86.1
(30.1)
87.0
(30.6)
87.4
(30.8)
87.8
(31.0)
87.2
(30.7)
86.9
(30.5)
86.9
(30.5)
87.1
(30.6)
86.8
(30.4)
85.9
(29.9)
86.6
(30.3)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 75.1
(23.9)
74.6
(23.7)
75.0
(23.9)
76.2
(24.6)
76.9
(24.9)
77.1
(25.1)
76.5
(24.7)
76.2
(24.6)
76.1
(24.5)
76.4
(24.7)
76.7
(24.8)
76.1
(24.5)
76.1
(24.5)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.5
(110)
3.5
(89)
2.6
(66)
3.3
(84)
5.0
(130)
6.3
(160)
10.4
(260)
14.4
(370)
13.4
(340)
12.2
(310)
8.4
(210)
5.5
(140)
89.5
(2,270)
Source: Weatherbase[22]

Education

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Path alongside coastal fortifications from the Japanese occupation of Guam

Primary and secondary schools

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Public schools

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John F. Kennedy High School

Guam Public School System serves the island.

Public schools serving Tamuning:[23]

  • Chief Brodie Memorial Elementary School (Tamuning)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson Elementary School (Tamuning)
  • Tamuning Elementary School (Tamuning)
  • Jose L. G. Rios Middle School (Piti)
  • John F. Kennedy High School (Tamuning)

In regards to the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA), Tamuning is in the school transportation zone for Andersen Elementary and Andersen Middle School, while Guam High School is the island's sole DoDEA high school.[24]

Private schools

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Diplomacy

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The Guam International Trade Center (ITC) building at the southwest corner of Marine Corps Drive (Route 1) and Chalan San Antonio (Route 14)

Five countries maintain consulates in Tamuning,[25] four of which are located in the landmark Guam ITC building at 590 South Marine Corps Drive.[26][27][28][29] They are:

Government

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Guam Memorial Hospital
 
View of Tumon from Two Lovers Point
Commissioner of Tamuning
Name Term begin Term end
Simon A. Sanchez 1946 1948
Jose P. Castro 1948 1957
Eugenio I. San Nicolas 1957 1963
Gregorio A. Calvo 1965 1973
Mayor of Tamuning
Name Party Term begin Term end
Gregorio A. Calvo Republican January 1, 1973 January 7, 1985
Alfredo C. Dungca Democratic January 7, 1985 January 6, 1997
Luis S.N. Herrero January 6, 1997 January 1, 2001
Concepcion "Connie" Duenas Republican January 1, 2001 January 3, 2005
Francisco "Frank" C. Blas January 3, 2005 January 7, 2013
Louise C. Rivera January 7, 2013 present
Vice Mayor of Tamuning
Name Party Term begin Term end
Maria S.N. Leon Guerrero Republican January 1, 1973 January 3, 1977
Alfredo C. Dungca January 3, 1977 January 7, 1985
Peter S. Calvo Democratic January 7, 1985 January 2, 1989
Teresita C. Borja January 2, 1989 January 6, 1997
Concepcion M. Duenas Republican January 6, 1997 January 1, 2001
Nancy Leon Guerrero January 1, 2001 January 3, 2005
Louise C. Rivera January 3, 2005 January 7, 2013
Kenneth C. Santos January 7, 2013 October 30, 2020
Office vacant October 30, 2020 – January 4, 2021
Albert M. Toves Republican January 4, 2021 present

Notable people

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  • Reyn Johnson (born 1990), Guamanian international footballer
  • Julius Naranjo (born 1991), Guamanian weightlifter, coach, and filmmaker

See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b Population of Guam: 2010 and 2020, U.S. Census Bureau.
  2. ^ "CBC66010_009.pdf." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 6, 2010.
  3. ^ http://guambuildupnews.com/Details/SAGUA-MANAGU.html
  4. ^ "Tamuning-Tumon-Harmon (Tamuneng-Tomhom)". Guampedia. October 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  5. ^ "North and Central Guam Land Use Plan" (PDF). Government of Guam Bureau of Statistics and Plans. September 2009. pp. 2–8 (PDF p. 24/64). Retrieved 2023-07-04.
  6. ^ "Docket No. SDWA-06-2005-1516." United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved on February 5, 2009.
  7. ^ Letter Archived 2012-03-09 at the Wayback Machine. United States Department of Transportation Office of Aviation Enforcement and Proceedings. May 23, 1997. Retrieved on October 4, 2010. "Continental Micronesia Old Terminal Bldg. P.O. Box 8778-G Tamuning, GU 96931-8778."
  8. ^ Kerrigan, Kevin. "Guam Will Be The Pacific Hub for Merged Airlines." Pacific News Center. Wednesday May 5, 2010. Retrieved on October 5, 2010. "Continental Micronesia is Guam's single largest employer. About 14-hundred jobs here on dependant on the airline."
  9. ^ Last recorded reliable source quoted the total number of Kmart stores globally as seven, after the planned closure of West St. Croix. This report is from June 2023:

    The West St. Croix store was confirmed closed on June 5, 2023: "Kmart West is Closing; Mall Owner Says Redevelopment Plan Will Provide 'First Rate Center'". The Virgin Islands Consortium. 8 June 2023. Retrieved 22 January 2024.

  10. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Tamuning CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09. - See "Tamuning muny"
  11. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Apotgan CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  12. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Harmon Industrial Park CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  13. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Oka CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  14. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Tumon CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09. - 1 and 2, and 3.
  15. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Upper Tumon CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  16. ^ "DLM%20Contact%20Info.pdf Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine." Guam Department of Land Management. Retrieved on October 21, 2010. "Street Address: 590 S. Marine Corps Drive Suite 733, ITC Building, Tamuning, GU 96913"
  17. ^ "GEDA Guam – Invest In Guam".
  18. ^ "Grants and Resources." Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved on October 13, 2010. "1911 Route 16 Harmon, GU 96911."
  19. ^ "About DMHSA Archived 2010-09-25 at the Wayback Machine." Guam Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse. Retrieved on October 21, 2010.
  20. ^ "Facilities Archived 2010-07-28 at the Wayback Machine." Guam Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse. Retrieved on October 21, 2010. "DMHSA Facility ( Click here to view Location Map ) Location : 790 Gov. Camacho Road, Tamuning, Guam 96913." Map Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ "Post Office Location - TAMUNING." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  22. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Tamuning, Guam". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  23. ^ "筋トレ豆知識 | 筋トレ豆知識". www.lk4kids.com. Archived from the original on 22 February 2006. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  24. ^ "DoDEA Guam School Boundaries and Bus Transportation Zones". Military Morale, Welfare and Recreation Guam. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  25. ^ "Largest & Most Trusted Listing in Guam". Guam Phone Book.
  26. ^ a b "Federated States of Micronesia Consulates in the USA." Embassy of the Federated States of Micronesia, Washington, DC. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  27. ^ a b Home page. Consulate-General of Japan in Hagatna. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  28. ^ a b "Palau - U.S. Consulates and Overseas Missions." Embassy of the Republic of Palau, Washington, DC. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  29. ^ a b Home page. Consulate-General of the Philippines in Agana, Guam. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  30. ^ "총영사관 소개." Embassy of the Republic of Korea in the United States of America. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
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